Shabby and Zatrapeznov. What history of the familiar word? We Suck
recently, stirring with the girlfriend, I heard from her such words: “He arrived on a pathetic mashinyonka in a shabby suit!“. It would seem that here unclear - there arrived on an inexpensive, unattractive car a person dressed not “haute couture“.
The words “shabby, shabby“ are etc. familiar to all. First I considered that this expression is directly connected with the word a meal, that is behind food, behind a house lunch. Therefore, a shabby look such in which houses have dinner: not elegant, easy, in a word, house. Here what interpretation of these words I found on pages of dictionaries:
“Shabby 1 , - aya, - oye. Occurring, made behind a meal (tserk.) / / Table (knizhn. ustar.). Shabby conversation.
Shabby 2 , - aya, - oye (colloquial) . Everyday, house, daily (about a dress). The shabby dressing gown [Which is originally sewed from a zatrapez or a zatrapeza - the cheap pestryadiny matter extended in old times]“. the Explanatory dictionary of Russian / under the editorship of D. N. Ushakov T. 1 A - Kyurina. - M.: OGIZ, 1935. - 1562 pages
“Zatrapez - rough cheap country fabric, pestryad from different strings of flax or hemp, mostly with blue strips, for tailoring of rough clothes domestic, peasants etc.
Figuratively shabby - low-quality, cheap“. Belovinsky L. V. Entsiklopedichesky dictionary of the Russian life and history. - M.: OLMA - the PRESS, 2004. - 863 with.
But it turned out that not all is so simple!
In Russian there are a lot of old words which true sense is not similar to initial now. And what my surprise when I learned what “shabby“ is not something, but someone was!
... Once upon a time there was in Yaroslavl a prosperous family of merchants Zatrapeznov. The founder of a sort is Semyon Zatrapeznov, and two of his sons - Maxim and Pyotr, had in property several houses, benches trading krasheniny, korobeyny and tinctorial goods, a hardware, a dairy, brick-works, sawmill and differed not only the wealth, but also enviable enterprise. Thanks to what got favor of Peter I who was looking for during that time of the people ready to work for the benefit not only itself, but also Russia.
Having visited Yaroslavl in 1702 (it was in the city from 1693 to 1723 several times), the emperor paid attention to the brisk little boy spinning in Zatrapeznov` bench. Having talked to the boy, Peter I decides to send him to study to Holland - for training in linen and manufactory business. Semyon Zatrapeznov`s grandson - Ivan Maksimovich Zatrapeznov was this boy (22. 05. 1695 - 8. 09. 1741), with which name, to be exact, with a surname and an adjective coherently familiar to all “shabby“.
Having disaccustomed, Ivan Zatrapeznov returned home also together with the partner, the Russified Dutch I. Tames, appealed to Peter I to allocate for them the land plot for construction of a weaver`s manufactory. The emperor enjoined manufactories - board free of charge to allocate them the space for construction.
On June 23, 1722 became date of the basis of the Yaroslavl linen manufactory (A big Yaroslavl manufactory) which contained more than two hundred machines and nearly 6 thousand workers. For those times it was very big enterprise.
Zatrapeznov on the manufactory let out silk and wool, napkins and cloths, in anything not being inferior on quality to products of foreign factories of that time (at the price, by the way, too). And very cheap linen or hempen striped fabric - pestryad (usually in a blue strip and rough to the touch), going for an upholstery of sofas, chairs, chairs; and from it mattresses, wide trousers, sundresses, female head scarfs, working dressing gowns were sewed. Thinner pestryad went for production of dressing gowns, pillowcases, shirts.
But if for rich and prosperous people the dressing gown sewed from a zatrapez was ordinary house clothes, then at poor people it was put on directly on top that is called - “on an exit“. It caused an ironical and indulgent smile of the first. The shabby look spoke about the low social status of the person. The frock coats and dressing gowns sewed from a zatrapez were carried by also small employees of offices, seminarists whereas prosperous people put on shabby dressing gowns only in a house situation.
Gradually all not ceremonial, poor clothes sewed from inexpensive fabrics began to call shabby.
Such here history with … a dressing gown!