Rus Articles Journal

What cactuses blossom at early age? Aylostera - a solar flower of

small, surprisingly beautiful cactuses from Ayloster`s (Aylostera) family grow In mountainous areas of Bolivia and Northern Argentina on steep slopes at the height of 2500 - 3600 m above sea level under cover of weak bushes. Climatic conditions on their geographical homeland quite difficult, the soil alluvial, but these small courageous plants manage there to live and prosper.

However, not so long ago unruly botanists - systematization decided to abolish Ayloster`s family, having moved all his representatives to the sort Rebutia (Rebutia) as these cactuses are very similar in the morphological features. At ayloster the spherical or cylindrical ridge stalk of 2,5 - 6 cm in the diameter forming many children. Edges from 11 to 25, they are more often located in the form of a spiral and divided into small hillocks. An areola of white color with thin white prickles only 3 - 7 mm long. The central prickles stronger, white or yellowish, with the brown ends. Them happens from 1 to 5

with a length from 2 mm to 2 cm ayloster at early age, usually Blossom in the spring, striking on the spot the is dazzling - orange flowers. But in them there is no monotony - each look has the unique shade and the form. Funnel-shaped, widely open flowers are formed most often in a middle part of a stalk or are slightly lower. The pestle at them half grows together with a flower tube. But the main difference from rebutias - existence a shchetinok on flower tubes and ovaries. Rebutias they have smooth.

The name of “ayloster“ in translation from Greek means “a plant with a strong tube“. The blossomings which are formed later fruits of spherical shape, green or rozovato - gray color with a diameter about 0,5 - 0,7 cm, are filled with small black seeds. However, besides orange, flowers occur at these cactuses both white (Aylostera albiflora), and pink (Aylostera narvaecensis) and it is even dark - red color (Aylostera heliosa v. condorensis).

of the Condition of keeping

Cultivation the ayloster in room conditions does not present special difficulties. The general rules of leaving similar, as well as for other cactuses. In the spring, before emergence of buds, it is necessary to water them gradually, and here after - watering can be increased and exposed plants on well lit place, at first pritenyat from direct sunshine. It is very desirable to place for all summer season ayloster on fresh air, having provided them with enough the sun and water - in the wild nature they grow in a hilly terrain and got used to considerable temperature drops within a day. At good leaving ayloster can repeatedly blossom at the end of summer.

In the fall watering is gradually reduced to prepare cactuses for wintering. For a winter dormant period they are placed in the light cool place with air temperature 6 - 10 °C where contain till spring without watering. Rare watering can be necessary for only absolutely young plants, but all depends on specific conditions. If for the winter to leave ayloster in the warm room, then they will have no dormant period, from a lack of light stalks will be extended, further - actively to acquire lateral escapes and to blossom very poorly (at best).

Landing and reproduction

For an ayloster, as well as for other cactuses, is necessary the friable moisture-permeable soil. It is made of mix of the easy fertile earth with addition not less than 1/3 coarse sand and gravel. The pot approaches small, with obligatory existence of a drainage opening. On a bottom fill a drainage layer from expanded clay or large stones, then the paved way.

Aylostera breed lateral shoots (children) and seeds. Children implant in sand, beginning to water gradually only after emergence of backs, literally kapelno moistening the soil in a radical zone. The seed method of reproduction demands certain skills. Seeds quickly enough lose viability therefore they are sowed practically right after collecting: distribute on a surface of the soil and couch in small greeneries at high temperature, following rules and requirements, necessary for this method, which, in principle, are similar with an agrotechnology of rebutias.

Some types an ayloster

of Ayloster Kislindzhi (Aylostera kieslingii) - the spherical cactus with strong reddish prickles blossoming fantastically beautiful orange flowers. Petals are located in several layers, and in the center there is a charming fountain from stamens. In the first day of blossoming a flower small, but every day it increases, petals are extended and brighten a little.

Aylostera Helioza (Aylostera heliosa) - very effective, blossoming in 2 - 3 - summer age a cactus. Brightly - orange flowers on a long tube reach diameter of 4 - 4,5 cm, appear in a large number, at the same time revealing on several pieces. Often the tiny stalk from - for them is not even visible.

Aylostera Muskula (Aylostera muscula) is the little snow-white beauty over time forming the whole kurtinka of children. Bright flowers create beautiful harmonious contrast with white prickles.

Ayloster Hoffman (Aylostera hoffmanii) - not really widespread view with the dense short light prickles covering a stalk as a dense chain armor. Flowers orange, with narrow petals, similar to camomiles.

Except the known types an ayloster, also various specific hybrids which are created by selectors and skilled collectors by repollination of different types quite often meet. All these unpretentious cactuses do not take a lot of place and will decorate with themselves any window sill.