Whether the old wooden rural chapel has what philosophy?
know About Valaam if not all, then very many. And here the name of the Karelian village Manga, it is sure, the majority of us hears for the first time. Though by it you will not slip in any way when you go from Petrozavodsk on Sortavala from where the shortest - only 42 km - the waterway across Lake Ladoga to the Valaam archipelago and, respectively, to Spaso - to Preobrazhensky to the monastery.
45 km on the South on the highway M18 “Coca“ St. Petersburg - Murmansk that already in the settlement the Yarn, an administrative center of the national area of the same name to curtail to the right, on Hugo - the West. 12 more km on the regional track P21, and here it, of Manga . The small Karelian village extended rather thin a stroke - a dotted line of inhabited and economic constructions on both sides from a strip of a road alignment.
On the right, with North - the East, the only rural street is propped up by the abrupt hill. At the left, in gaps between the decorated carved platbands mainly two-storeyed houses, look through kitchen gardens and the fenny floodplain of the river Mangi. On the departure from the village, before the bridge, the road does abrupt, almost under 90 degrees, turn. So before finally saying goodbye to Mangoy, useful will be to dump speed. But even taking into account this delay two - three minutes are quite enough to slip all village. From the first to the last house.
Several minutes. And all. Farewell, Manga! The chapel of Christmas of the Virgin only standing on the high hill still some time will dawn the cross on the car which is moving off towards Kroshnozer. She on the way back will also meet her by the first.
How talented were our ancestors! Without having behind soul any diplomas about the higher construction education, could choose so ingeniously an installation site of future chapel that it for ages became an iarkhitekturny dominant of the settlement, and its original ornament.
So if there is what minute, it is not necessary to feel sorry for the spent time. Not just brake on abrupt turn at the bridge through Mangu. Stop. Go out of the car. Also climb an abrupt slope to the very top of the hill. There, where costs small, it is slightly more than 14 meters in length and nearly 6,5 m - in width, and, at first sight, apparently, the most ordinary small chapel.
But this simplicity and artlessness - are deceptive. Behind them - the whole vital philosophy of our ancestors.
However, to understand it time is necessary. Little bit. It is not enough. It is so much how many it is enough to peer at this three-part felling consisting from higher, topped glavka actually of a chapel and adjoining it from the West of a refectory and an outer entrance hall in which with the North and the South is conducted two one-mid-flight covered a porch. To see not only vosmerik a tent belfry, towering over an outer entrance hall, but also rich decorative furniture of all construction.
The same clubs of a tent which are cut through on the ends in a circle form. Prichelina, decorated with a planimetric and vyemchaty carving. The top jambs of windows of a chapel which are cut out in the form of luchkovy arches. Established over covering the top (ridge) joint of roofing the crest with a through carving in the form of the alternating triangles is close shelomy an outer entrance hall and a refectory. The flat rail-posts in a belfry protection having both a through, and planimetric carving … of
All this carved decor creates a unique play of light and shadow, a peculiar monochrome illumination against constantly changing sky. Looking at which, you begin to understand that life consists not of one holidays, but also of the most usual everyday life. Without which - anywhere. To a fun, including to a chasovenny patronal feast day, - all - navsy hour. And to business - all rest of the time.
Our life as a play of light and shadow from a through carving of rail-posts, clubs, a crest. Constantly flows. Changes. Behind a rain the sun will be obligatory. Behind a frost - thaw. And the spring will be replaced by summer for which, in due time, the fall will come.
Two verticals of a chapel - the bulb and a belfry - reach up, for the sun. As well as all that is put to the poor podsolic forest soil by the Karelian farmer. And it sparing life to all around, not only somewhere there is inaccessible highly in the sky, but also here - nearby. In the form of the cut-out solar circles on the ends of clubs of a tent. As symbol of a perennial spring of heat, energy and fertility.
One of the interesting composite elements drawing attention of the foreign viewer at the first survey of a mangsky chapel - motive of doubleness. The duo-pitch roof of temple part is duplicated by the similar design located slightly below on level over a refectory and an outer entrance hall. Double collars of clubs decorate a belfry. Organic couple is made by windows within the walls of actually chapel and a refectory. It is possible to get to an outer entrance hall on one of two covered porches located from North and South side of the building of its symmetrically main axis.
And this composite repeatability of the most different constructive elements of a chapel - as a symbol of our life. Which, though flows, constantly changing everything around including ourselves, but from time to time comes back to the circles. After fall and in the winter, it will be obligatory new spring. Also time to plow will come. And to throw in plowed seeds of already new harvest. That in the fall - to move away him. The same as a year ago. Or two. Or three. And ahead there will be a new spring. New summer. And fall. Also the Lord - not one will give.
Already all life. Constantly changing and, from time to time, repeating. At many generations which managed to be replaced in Mange for that long time that costs on the high hill, having risen over the village, a chapel of Christmas of the Virgin.
Two hundred fifty costs years, by the way. Its image is provided in the third volume of “The complete geographical description of our Fatherland“. To the reference and road book for the Russian people published in 1899 - 1914 under the general management vice-the chairman of Imperial Russian Geographical Society Pyotr Petrovich Semenov - Tyan - Shansky and the chairman of office of ethnography of the same Society, professor Lamansky Vladimir Ivanovich.
And the mangsky chapel in the second half of the 18th century is constructed. In 70 - x years of its last century it is careful, without having changed initial shape, restored. There is also it today, just the same, as well as it is a lot of centuries ago.
However, icons the “Sign“ and “Nikola“ once serving as decoration of a chapel is quite far from Mangi now. That to see them, it is necessary to get to the State Russian Museum. But it - at all not an occasion to turn urgently back, to the Yarn. That having returned on the federal highway M18 “Coca“, to continue on it the way further on the South, to St. Petersburg.
It is not necessary to hurry. The Russian Museum will not escape anywhere. Postoyte at a mangsky chapel is a little more. She can tell a lot of things to the interested listener. For example, about what traditional construction receptions used at construction of wooden buildings our ancestors.