Nevsky Avenue: what pershpektiva? Continuation of
Continuing to walk on Nevsky Avenue, or to “Big Pershpektiva“, involuntarily you continue to walk also on historical eras. You go at the same time and on the live city, and on the museum. The Nevsky in itself is an and separate grandiose work of art, and “dust of centuries“, both very live and raging piece of the modern city.
Anichkov Bridge - though small, but one of the best-known in St. Petersburg. History of the bridge is interesting, the story about the reared “aglossus“ horses of Clodt demands the certain place: they were given, they went to Europe, in blockade dug them to the earth. Here it is enough to tell that now the bridge “is fully completed“ and is one of the main sights of the city.
By the way, exactly here, on the bridge, there had to be the next attempt at the next emperor in which Alexander Ulyanov - the elder brother of V. Lenin had to participate. Further - it is well-known.
As for the name of the bridge, Anechk there is nothing here, Anichkov - a surname of the colonel - the engineer whose part was lodged by a row, beyond Fontanka, in the settlement. The surname passed to the bridge and the palace.
“Wrap, please, this palace in gift packing!“
(could sound and so).
The oldest building on the Nevsky always was the best gift. It is constructed under Elizabeth Petrovna`s decree by architects M. Zemtsov and Rastrelli. Flaunts to the Nevsky with a side, facades to water: transport - that was then generally water.
At first Elizabeth presented the palace to the favourite Alexey Razumovsky. Then Catherine II redeemed it and presented to the favourite count Grigory Potemkin. That after time a magnificent gift managed to sell again in treasury.
Then Alexander I presented the palace to the sister grand duchess Ekaterina Pavlovna - it was the wedding gift. Subsequently Ekaterina Pavlovna became the Netherlands queen, and to the freed room Nicholas I drove. Here already taught imperial children of Century. Zhukovsky (in the palace it had the apartment), here often came to the tsar A. Pushkin. In the last visit Nikolay asked the poet to refrain from duel, but as all know, duel everything is took place.
Further Nicholas I presented the palace to the son Alexander II, and that to the - to Alexander III. Before revolution there lived the widow empress Maria Fiodorovna here. And after revolution the palace passed to the city, Anichkov Palace became not less well-known Palace of pioneers. Many world chess champions anyway passed through Anichkov Palace.
Opposite to the palace there was a drugstore, oldest in the city, Flea “ is mentioned at Leskov in “:
The sovereign looked and was surprised.
- That it for a pustyakovin and to what it here at my brother in such preservation!
Court wanted to throw out, but the sovereign speaks: there is no
- something means.
Called from Anichkin Bridge from an opposite drugstore of the chemist who on the smallest scales weighed poisons, and showed it, and that took a flea now, put on language and speaks: “I feel hlad, as from strong metal“. And then tooth slightly rumpled it and declared:
- As you wish, and is not the real flea, but a nimfozoriya, and it is created from metal, and work this not our, not Russian.
(N. S. Leskov “Lefthander“. The narration about the Tula cross-eyed Lefthander and about a steel flea)
the Druggist from the Nevsky, as we know, was mistaken, work was “ours“. This land plot belonged to the poet and grandee Gavrile Derzhavin, then passed to the merchant Sharov. As “Sharov`s house“ is also known still, now in it restaurants, there is no drugstore any more.
Katkin a garden
On a pedestal - Catherine II. She did not want to be the second, preferred simple: Catherine the Great. Sharp fellows added a lot of things to national urban mythology concerning this monument, here I do not undertake to provide these stories. The square before a monument was broken on the project of the architect K. Rossi, officially it is called Ekaterininsky Square. Numerous artists work for the Katkiny garden, in good weather people are going to play chess, but the square has also an evening “bad reputation“.
Near the square - one of the oldest theaters Alexandrinsky Theatre, or the Russian state academic drama theater of A.S. Pushkin. And absolutely nearby, a corner with Garden - National Library of Russia, the largest in Russia on number of books and editions. The library is unique: based in May, 1795 by Catherine II`s decree, it grew and was multiplied, did not stop the work and in the Siege of Leningrad.
the Yaroslavl peasants once were famous for the unity even if were beaten out “in people“. So it happened to Yeliseyev - a dynasty of businessmen. Already in St. Petersburg they grew rich, owned numerous shops and factories. To 90 - to the anniversary of trading house Grigory Yeliseyev constructed huge shop, it and is called still - “Eliseevsky“. It is enough to tell that on consecration of shop the icon brought from Kazan Cathedral the big chorus entirely consisting of family members Yeliseyev sang.
To avoid possible charges of bad taste, Yeliseyev invited the famous architect and the son-in-law Gabriel Baranovsky. G. V. Baranovsky (1860 Odessa - 1920, Petrograd) - the author of numerous constructions in St. Petersburg and not only. But its best-known works are an Eliseevsky shop and the Buddhist temple (Sankt - the St. Petersburg Buddhist temple “Datsan of Gunzechoyney“) - the most northern in the world. And Eliseevsky shop on the Nevsky - a monument of architecture of an early modernist style. Or “a merchant modernist style“ as it was called then.
Once Eliseevsky other building stood still, undermining for the purpose of the next attempt at Alexander II rummaged in one of its warehouses. In the afternoon there traded in cheeses, and dug at night, actually were in time. However that time the route of the carriage of the tsar was changed.
Baranovsky built the building so that inhabitants long could not recover from amazement, without knowing how to treat this “cake“ sparkling windows or “chest“. But now Eliseevsky - in the list of especially protected objects. By the way, in theater on the second floor (provided still by Yeliseyev) Schwartz`s performances were for the first time put: “Shadow“, “Dragon“, “An ordinary miracle“ - the whole era in domestic culture.
Without trade does not exist any state. On the opposite sides of the Nevsky there are two huge shopping centers.
The Gostiny dvor - the largest trade room in the Russian Empire, is executed on the project of the Frenchman of Jeanne - Lawn - Michel Vallen - Delamota who is considered as the ancestor of the St. Petersburg classicism (merchants counted Rastrelli`s project too elaborate). And on other party - the Passage, also the oldest trading house of St. Petersburg.
The intersection at Gostiny dvor - the place of bloody execution 3 on July (16), 1917 (a corner Garden and Nevsky prospectuses). Collisions happened during anti-government protests between Bolsheviks and supporters of Provisional government.
Alexandre Dumas who walked across the Nevsky not incidentally called it “the street of toleration“. It is about initially multinational city, and in a different way and could not be. Except the well-known Kazan Cathedral having the status of a cathedral of Russian Orthodox Church on Nevsky Avenue both the Armenian church, and the Catholic church, and Lutheran churches remained...