Nevsky Avenue: what pershpektiva? The beginning of
Big Pershpektiva is and there was a former name of Nevsky Avenue. It all - crossing of many prospects from what party look. They are tried to be described. But all problem is that the description of St. Petersburg is a format of many volumes, huge volumes. Or strictly verses.
Long ago verses Neva speaks.
Gogol`s Page lays down the Nevsky.
All Summer garden - Onegina the head.
remember Islands Blok,
A wanders about Razjezzhey Dostoyevsky .
(S. Marshak) of
is St. Petersburg literary - from Pushkin (earlier) to Brodsky (and further). And there is St. Petersburg imperial, St. Petersburg voyenno - sea, and there is besieged Leningrad. All this is one city and how much it can contain - it is visible on the first steps from where would not drive: that from the Moscow station, if by train that - from Moskovsky Avenue, if by car. St. Petersburg either is loved recklessly, or is not present (the truth, presently seldom admit it). The city is rather young and is tremendous, is even provocatively beautiful, it is proud and independent. And all gloss of last times is still reflected in Nevsky Avenue.
“ there is nothing better than Nevsky Avenue, at least in St. Petersburg; for it it makes everything “. (N. Gogol. The story “Nevsky Avenue“)
the Collar - topsy-turvy
Why in St. Petersburg often meets the wrong numbering - nobody knows. On the right side - odd numbers of houses, with left - even. It is the best of all to call traditionally: Solar and Shadow parties.
When compare Moscow and St. Petersburg, usually pronounce superficial details. But we will not compare now, and just we will pass on the trunk main of St. Petersburg, having made modest attempt slightly - slightly to cover spirit of this street.
Is forbidden “to hang out linen along Big Pershpektiva“
(The decree of the empress Elizabeth Petrovna) of
the Wood on a boggy site - difficultly to present, but through this wood began to cut through a glade to connect shipyards of the Admiralty to Novgorodskaya Road and Aleksandro - the Nevsky Monastery. The glade became Nevsky Avenue, however, on a legend, everything turned out not absolutely as reflected: monks on the one hand and captured Swedes with another were mistaken in calculations a little, the straight line did not turn out. Nevertheless brought down, rooted out, dug trenches - and, despite the turned-out break, built Pershpektiva, the well-known Nevsky Avenue. It conditionally is divided into Nevsky Avenue and Is old - the Nevsky. On a break - Vosstaniya Square.
Earlier she was called Znamenska, according to the name of Znamensky church. The famous physiologist and the Nobel laureate Ivan Petrovich Pavlov was her honourable head. In spite of the fact that the scientist used scientific materialistic methods in the work, he was deeply believing person, did not disturb one another. Right after Pavlov`s death the church was demolished.
To be fair it is necessary to tell that historical buildings on the Nevsky took down not only at the Soviet power. And now process goes in spite of the fact that all Nevsky Avenue - under the auspices of UNESCO.
And still there was a monument to Alexander III of work of Paolo (Pavel) Trubetskoy (1866-1938). The relation to a sculpture was ambiguous and very emotional - the people even gave a rhyme: “ Costs a dresser, on a dresser a hippopotamus, on a hippopotamus obormot, on an obormota a hat “. Then a monument “deported“ to other place, there it at least can be seen.
a memory UndergroundIs surprising by
, but even sure commercial gain does not work. Many years I wait when hang up the plate on the house: “Here were …“. Or at least: “Here the well-known cafe “ Saigon was “. That “Saigon“ in which figures of the Leningrad cultural and political underground - from Brodsky to Grebenshchikov gathered. But - silence, a hint that here the Nobel Prize laureate in the field of literature I. Brodsky and the known fate repeatedly drank fourfold coffee (and not only coffee) - the musician about whom once in gates admirers wrote “the Bean - the Forerunner“.
However - silence. Whatever was the power - the relation one, nearly timid. There is no memorial plate though all know everything. What here was - and as was. Also the magnificent hotel without hint for memory of a piece of not just Petersburg history - world history rises.
By the way before revolution, even earlier, there was a hotel, under the stereotyped name “Moscow“ too here, number in it cost 75 kopeks. Now number costs not one hundred dollars a day.
the Region of doubles
“Mister Golyadkin absolutely recognized the night friend. His night friend was not who other as he, - mister Golyadkin, other mister Golyadkin, but just the same, as well as he, - in a word that is called his double in every respect “... (F. Dostoyevsky. “Double“) the Story “Double“ at Dostoyevsky is designated by
as “the St. Petersburg poem“. The main character - the titular counselor Yakov Golyadkin lived nearby, on Shestilavochnaya Street (nowadays - Mayakovsky Street). But the mystical reputation of the area is known to all: still the empress Anna Ioannovna saw the double moreover before the most death! And still the writer Pavel Petrovich Vyazemsky, the diplomat and the collector living on the Nevsky, the house 60 saw themselves too - at a table, something writing. Dostoyevsky`s hero had no choice how to follow the famous city myth which gave an excellent opportunity and for philosophical reasonings.
Around doubles there is Beloselsky` Palace - Belozersky . Still it is called “the palace of widows“. This palace was reconstructed several times, the present shape got to the middle of the 19th century. Replaced the palace and several owners, but then passed into treasury. In it there lived people who worried (and not worried) historical cataclysms of the beginning of the 20th century.
When the princess Hesse - Darmstadt Elizabeth of Alexander Louise Alice, the granddaughter of the English Queen Victoria, chose to themselves from all best grooms of Europe in husbands of the Russian Grand duke, she had hardly a presentiment of trouble. And as it is possible to foresee that your sister (Alexander Fiodorovna is Nicholas II`s wife) will be shot together with all family and it the similar fate - cruel execution is prepared.
The princess got married Sergey Aleksandrovich, the brother of the Russian emperor Alexander III, they lived in this palace which began to be called Sergiyevsky. But in 1905 in the prince Ivan Kalyaev threw a bomb. Many remember from a history course that the widow came to the terrorist to prison, forgave him, submitted the application on pardon.
Elizabeth Fiodorovna did a big charity work - real, effective, not ostentatious. Subsequently already in Moscow based on the money of Marfo - Mariinsky Monastery of Mercy with hospital, a shelter, the free dining room. After revolution Elizabeth Fiodorovna did not leave Russia. In 1918 together with some other family members it was dumped in mine in the city of Alapaevsk. Its ashes are based in Jerusalem.
There lived in the palace also Elizabeth Fiodorovna`s nephew Dmitry Pavlovich, too the Grand duke. He participated in attempt at Grigory Rasputin together with Felix Yusupov. Murder happened too nearby - in Yusupov Palace on Moika, but the car of conspirators, all “in proofs“ exactly here drove. Dmitry was sent in punishment to Persia, there and died. After revolution in the palace there was a party committee, now - institutions of the city administration.
Described - absolutely small part of Nevsky Avenue. Ahead - Anichkov Bridge, Anichkov Palace, Kazan Cathedral, Gostiny dvor, other historical buildings - huge part of history. About it it is possible to read next time.
And “pershpektiva“ at Nevsky Avenue - remarkable. How many do not come to St. Petersburg - all the same it is impossible to get used to its beauty.