Rus Articles Journal

Legendary “Commando“ of

Rubbed - Tadevosyan Arkady Ivanovich (on May 22, 1939, Tbilisi) - the outstanding Armenian commander, the general - the major, Hera Artsakha. on May 8 - 9, 1992 develops

and performs unique operation on capture of “fortress“ of Shushi.

Truly, Armenia in the late eighties of the XX century had the times of troubles. There was a war, the political management which did not have experience of public administration made fatal mistakes: in the conditions of active military operations and the aggression of the opponent increasing day by day it carried out a course towards decentralization of the general management and privatization of the earth. To the middle of 1991 Nagorno-Karabakh already was in the closed ring of the enemy, and military operations crossed border of ten of thirty six regions actually of the Republic of Armenia. The destiny of new Armenian statehood hung by a thread: the country was perceived by the allied management as the education decomposing a political organism of the USSR, and the Center unambiguously supported a position of Baku. In addition, the Soviet military divisions under the pretext of verification of passports participated in cleanings of the Armenian settlements and deportation of inhabitants of a number of villages - the Azat, Kamo, Getashen, Martunashen, Berdadzor (operation code-named “ the Ring “ was carried out by bodies of the Soviet Army deployed in the territory of Azerbaijani by the Soviet Socialist Republic, in the direction of Shaumyan worked 23 - I am a division). On the party of the opponent the most active part was taken also by groups of Mujahideens as a part of which also little-known then Hattab was registered . In this fatal interval of time the separate Armenian militia more than ever needed the skillful head having military education and experience of an active service. That were also fated to become 51 - to the summer colonel of the Soviet Army Arkady of Ter - to Tadevosyan .

Appearance of this officer in Nagorno-Karabakh became alternative to chaos, an antithesis of dissociation of crews of a national militia. It also designated need of integration of the available small military resource and entered institute of competent staff command. It had enough ability and wisdom to convince dashing commanders of separate groups to postpone party squabbles and to come to a uniform track of defense. Besides the officer did not suffer loud statements and public demagogy, the pathetics of public loud-hailers and vulgar slogans always avoided him. Being a grandson escaped during Genocide the priest from Kars, he was never an apologist of aggression. “ Ya was and I remain the person out of policy. I was really frightened by presence of many casual people in the national movement, irresponsibility frightened them. I long went to adequate perception of the movement “. The Davidashensky set became the occasion which finally predetermined the choice of the skilled colonel (in different years it served as a part of Group of the Soviet troops in GDR and Czechoslovakia, and also in the Belarusian military district and Transcaucasian - ZAKO): “ the Level of readiness of the group of a militia “David the Sasunsky“ created in Yerevan cast me into shock - it was obvious that these desperate children go on the front not to be at war, but to perish. I had to train them in elementary elements of military science “. In July, 1991 to the blazing Nagorno-Karabakh there arrived Arkady of Ter - Tadevosyan . It is legendary “Komandos“ .

In August, 1991 heavy fighting around Drmbon testified to the enemy the emergence fact on a front line of absolutely new person - the competent fighter who is perfectly able to hold the fort. In September of the same year, for the first time for all the time of war forty servicemen of the Soviet Army were taken prisoner (the group executed the order of the high command on deportation of the Armenian population). “ Capture took place near the village of Aterk; we returned them back - children were not mercenaries or fighters of the Azerbaijani parts. The simple recruits sent to the Karabakh copper; their fault in that was not “. In October the new successful military operation near the village of Tokh which is followed by capture of strategic height Sarishen from where the regional center of Gadrut was fired was performed. Storm of this height also became, by recognition of the officer, the forerunner of the well-known Shusha operation.

When in March, 1920 the Turkish pashas Nouri and Khalil set fire to the city of Shushi and for a bigger fun subjected to painful execution of 400 young men - rebels, they probably also could not assume that after several decades the city will become Armenian again. When in July, 1921 Joseph Stalin, “proceeding from need of the world between Muslims and Armenians“, defined for the settlement which became already mainly Turkic the status of an administrative center of Nagorno-Karabakh (as a part of, certainly, Soviet Azerbaijan), it too, of course, did not think of the similar scenario. And at last, when in 1988 the authorities of Baku triumphed concerning “a successful completion 70 - summer process of cleaning of the city“ - Shushi was left by the last Armenian - that and they did not assume that after some four years it, this last Armenian of Shushi, will return on the Homeland. Also not one will return - with “ Komandosy “.

Ter developed by Arkady - Tadevosyan in the conditions of the most strict privacy the plan of storm of fortress of Shushi (the code name of the operation “ the Wedding in mountains “) was a wreath of its military biography and became the first large-scale action which is carried out under the direction of a uniform Staff of defense of Nagorno - the Karabakh Republic. On May 9 1992 the Armenian military units to amazement of the enemy holding height ( Hattab admits it in the interviews later ) seized the main citadel of the opponent in Nagorno-Karabakh. Continuous firing of the capital of NKR - Stepanakert was also conducted with heights of Shushi.

Capture of the city which is Artsakh`s symbol and representing a natural fortification construction had the major voyenno - strategic, psychological and historical importance. For the fifth day forces of self-defense of NKR suppressed firing lines of Agdamsky district - Ag - gave also Gyulabla, and Lachin was released on May 18.

One of the main strategic objectives - break of blockade of Artsakh and ensuring overland communication between the Republic of Armenia and Nagorno-Karabakh - was executed. The successful completion of the operation “ the Wedding in mountains “ created necessary prerequisites for fundamental change an entrance of conducting active military operations on all front line. The authorities of Azerbaijan frankly panicked (the management will be replaced there soon) and in attempts to explain the reasons of failures constantly resorted to the help of such words as “ satkynlyg “ and “ takhribat “ - in language of the Caucasian Tatars according to “ treachery “ and “ diversion “. However, nothing it was: the wedding was just legendary “ of Komandos “ and most organized Karabakh ““.

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From the book “100 most great Armenians of the 20th century“.

2007, Moscow.