Rus Articles Journal

Tornio: what do we know about the oldest city of Lapland?

of Tornio - the oldest city of Lapland; it received the status of the city in 1621. In the 19th century Tornio was a part of the Russian Empire, and its blossoming fell on years of World War I when the set of freights passed through it to Finland and back. Fortunately, during World War II of Tornio almost did not suffer. The city is at the intersection of roads at the most peace border in the world - in Scandinavia, is famous for bright and rich traditions for history.

Tornio is based by the Swedish king Gustav II Adolf in 1621, but still earlier this town was already well known outside the country; about it legends as about edge of the white nights, about the place of trade and fairs of “the wild North“ went. Geographically Tornio is located in the northern region of the Gulf of Bothnia, in the mouth of the river at the west bank of Tornioyoki which is the border river between Finland and Sweden in the Southern Lapland. Tornioyoki originates in the remote Areas of Lapland. Today Tornio makes a whole with the neighboring Swedish town of Haparanda. This place where there was an interaction of various northern tribes and cultures: prosperous Karelians and quiet natives to Hyama, inhabitants of a satakunta (the district of Tampere and Pori) and Swedes met with each other. In Tornio`s vicinities long there lived Sami (Lapps).

In spite of the fact that the city had communications with many far settlements, Tornio several centuries remained small by the number of the population and modest by the sizes. The town several times burned down completely, as well as many other cities consisting of wooden constructions. The first church of Tornio was destroyed by the destructive fire of 1682. The new church constructed four years later in 1686 remained up to now and is one of the most valuable wooden churches in this enclave today.

Tornio was isolated on the island till 1939. At this particular time the large bridge, the first in the history of the city, for communication with the continent and other territory of Finland was built. Tornio played an important role during World War I as served as “gate“ from the East on the West. At the same time direct link only (at that time) between Finland and Sweden by rail from Tornio in Haparanda was established.

Considerable historical changes happened in the history of Tornio in 70 - 80 - e years of the 20th century; then Karunki and Alatornio`s communities which were earlier existing separately joined Tornio.

Industrial development of the region of Tornio was conducted and conducted very intensively. Today the city and the tourist center with 50 thousand inhabitants is known in Lapland for the developed agriculture. Tourists, including from Russia, come here in the veseena - a summer season; through the city there pass the major transport ways.

Today the general name of the cities - twins Haparand and Tornio - Evrositi, it even lays claim to the media policy - the center of development of information technologies and mass media. Highway E4 in the Swedish Haparanda passes into the main road 99 which leaves further on the North along border. Here the Swedish railroad connects with Finnish, and also a network of the railroads of countries of Eastern Europe. The converter of width of a track allows to pass to trains through border without overload.

The port in Tornio is served by large volumes of the freight sent generally for export. In the Finnish Kemi (15 minutes of driving from Tornio) there is an airport which provides daily several flights to Helsinki. It I saw actively developing Tornio in 2011.