BAGRAMYAN IVAN HRISTOFOROVICH
(1897 - 1982)
Marshal of the Soviet Union.
Was born in the artsakhsky village of Chardakhla in a family of the railway worker. In 20 - e years of the last century served in structure 1 - go the Armenian horse regiment of Red Army in Transcaucasia as the commander of a squadron, then regiment. Graduated from Military academy of Frunze and Academy of the General Staff. On the eve of war held a position of the deputy chief of a staff - the chief of an operations section of a staff of the district. During the Second World War troops under Bagramyan`s command actively participated in defeat German - fascist troops on the Kursk arch, in Belarusian, Baltic, East - Prussian, etc. operations and in storm of Konigsberg. After war ordered troops of Baltic military district, was the chief inspector of the Ministry of Defence, the deputy minister of defense. In 1956-58 - the chief of Military academy of the General Staff, since 1958 - go - the deputy minister of defense, the chief of the back of Armed Forces. Since April, 1968 - the general inspector of group of the chief inspectors. Deputy of VS USSR of five convocations. In 1955 to it the military rank of Marshall of the Soviet Union was given, and in 1977 it is again awarded ranks of the Hero of the Soviet Union. The ballot box with ashes of the glorified military leader is buried in the Kremlin wall in Moscow.
of BABADZhANYaN of
AMAZASP HACHATUROVICH .
(1906 - 1977)
Chief marshal of armored troops.
Was born in the artsakhsky village of Chardakhla in a country family. In 1925 voluntarily entered Red army, Voyenno - infantry school ended. The participant sovetsko - the Finnish war. At the beginning of the Great Patriotic War ordered a shooting regiment. Since September, 1942 - go - the commander 3 - y the mechanized crew, for whose skillful guide at speeding up of river. Dniester was entitled the Hero of the Soviet Union. From August, 1944 to May, 1945 ordered the Guards tank case. In 1948 graduated from Military academy of the General Staff, then was at responsible command positions. Since 1959 the top military commander of the Odessa military district. In 1967 - 1969 - the chief of Military academy of armored troops of Marshall of the Soviet Union Malinovsky. In 1969 - 1977 - the chief of tank troops of the Soviet army, the chief marshal of armored troops. The deputy of the Supreme Council of the USSR 6 - go and 7 - go convocations. It is buried on Novodevichy Cemetery in Moscow.
ISAKOV IVAN STEPANOVICH .
(1894 - 1967)
Admiral of Fleet of the Soviet Union.
Was born in a family of the road technician Stepan Egorovich Ter - Isakyana in the Armenian settlement Adzhikent, near Kars. Studied mathematics and engineering in Tiflis. Participated in World War I. Ordered the ships at the Baltic and Black seas, held staff positions, taught in military academy. In 1937-1950 - the commander of the Baltic Fleet, the deputy, the first deputy of the people`s commissar of the Navy. In 1941-1943 and 1946-1950 - the chief of the General sea staff, then the deputy commander-in-chief of the Navy, the deputy minister of Navy. During military operations it was twice seriously injured, after the second wound in 1942 under Tuapse to it amputated a leg. In 1944 - 1945 was a member of the government commission on preparation of terms of surrender of Germany. Author historical and works of art, editor-in-chief of the Sea atlas, winner of a state award, corresponding member of Academy of Sciences of the USSR, member of the Writers` Union of the USSR. On May 7, 1965 “for the skillful management of troops, the courage, courage and heroism shown in fight with German - fascist aggressors, and in commemoration 20 - the anniversaries of the Victory of the Soviet people in the Great Patriotic War“ gave the rank of the Hero of the Soviet Union. It is buried in Moscow on Novodevichy Cemetery.
KHUDYAKOV SERGEY ALEKSANDROVICH
(1901 - 1950)
Marshal of aircraft of the Soviet Union.
A real name - Armenak Artyomovich Hanferyants . He was born in the village of Metz Tager in a family of the Karabakh peasant Artem Hanferyants. In the years of Civil war served in 1 - y to Cavalry. In 1936 - the m ended Voyenno - air academy of Zhukovsky. During war he was the chief of a staff of the Air Force of Red Army and the commander of the Air Force of the Western front. In 1943 the organization of air flight of the Soviet delegation on the Teheran conference was charged to it. In August, 1944 the rank of the marshal of aircraft is given. In February, 1945 as a part of the Soviet delegation as the adviser for aircraft participated in work of the Crimean (Yalta) conference. Since August, 1944 - the deputy commander Voyenno - Air Forces of the USSR and the chief of a staff. In war against Japan was the commander of air army, then the commander of the Air Force of Far East military district. In 1949 on fabricated charge, together with other high-ranking officials it was arrested. Only of all being connected to “the case of pilots“ did not wait for the justification. On April 18, 1950 according to Beria`s instructions it was sentenced to a capital punishment and in the same day it is shot on the Don cemetery. It is rehabilitated and restored in a military rank posthumously in 1953.
of AGANOV (OGANYaN) SERGEY HRISTOFOROVICH
(1917 - 1996)
Marshal of engineering troops of the Soviet Union.
In the USSR there were only four marshals of engineering troops. Sergey Aganov - one of them. Future marshal and the winner of the State award USSR (1980) was born in 1917 in Astrakhan. On military service since 1938. The participant sovetsko - the Finnish war. From the first days of the Second World War - in field army. Participated in fights on the Leningrad and Volkhov fronts. It is awarded by the medal “For Courage“. Since 1942 - m - the assistant to the head of department, the deputy and the chief of an operations section of a staff of Engineering troops of KA. Helped with the organization of engineering support of operations on Hugo - Western, Bryansk, Voronezh, 3 - m Belarusian, 1 - m and 2 - m Baltic fronts. Since 1975 - the chief YVES MO of the USSR. Paid much attention to improvement of organizational structure of engineering troops and their technical equipment, development of effective ways of engineering support of military operations of troops, preparation of engineering shots. Brought a big contribution to the organization and implementation of actions for recovery from the accident on the Chernobyl NPP. The military rank “the marshal of engineering troops“ is given on May 7, 1980. It is buried on the Troyekurovsky cemetery of Moscow.
From the first days of war to military rails was passed by the industry of the Armenian Soviet Socialist Republic. In the republic made mortars, grenades, compressors for the airports, etc. The contribution to business of a victory was made also by the Armenian scientists. In November, 1943 in Yerevan on the basis of branch of Academy of Sciences of the USSR the Academy of Sciences of the Armenian Soviet Socialist Republic which president was Iosif Orbeli , and vice-the president - Victor Ambartsumyan was created. Their outstanding compatriot - the academician, the general - the colonel Artyom Mikoyan (the younger brother of Anastas Ivanovich ) became the pioneer of jet aircraft in the USSR. In 1940 under its management the fighter MiG - 1 was created. The jet supersonic fighters created by it also nowadays consist on arms of the Defense Ministries of the Russian Federation and the CIS countries. Aram Nazarovich Rafaelyan became the creator of another of “the flying tank“ - the first-ever jet plane with vertical take-off .
Among brave defenders of the Brest fortress were several tens Armenians who fought with the enemy to the last and fell in fights. Among them Tavad Bagdasyaran, Sos Nuridzhonyan, Shmavon Davtyan, Garegin Hachatryan , etc. is. Thousands of Armenian fighters protected Moscow, Leningrad, Stalingrad. In occupied territories guerrilla connections in which Armenians participated were created. The Pobeda group of Sergey Arutyunyan operated on Ukraine with . As a part of guerrilla group of the general Naumov the group of Mikoyan under Armais Ovsepyan`s command battled . Zhora Arutyunyants and Maya Pekhlivanova were members of legendary “Young Guard“. Armenians participated also in the guerrilla movement of Europe. The Soviet Armenian guerrilla regiment headed by the colonel Alexander Kazaryan worked in France. Together with the Italian guerrillas the national hero, the owner of the highest Italian award, Armenian Dashtoyan battled .
the Big help to field army, the front, in particular to tankmen, were rendered by the believing Armenians of diaspora headed by Catholicos Gevorg VI Chorekchyan . By donations considerable appliances were raised, t ankovy columns “David the Sasunsky“ and “Hovhaness Bagramyan“ are constructed and told to our army . More than 30 thousand Armenians battled in armies of allies. The son of the Armenians who escaped from the Turkish genocide - emigrants the general George (Gevorg) Martikyan was the chief of the back of the American army in the years of war. The national hero of France the poet and anti-fascist Misak Manushyan (was born in 1906 in the Western Armenia, in the village of Agyyaman) - one of creators of Resistance of the French patriots. Misak Manushyan is posthumously awarded awards of “An honourable legion“, his name, as well as schools, streets and the areas in Paris, Valans, Marseille and in Yerevan are called by the name of “Manushyan`s group“. Tens of thousands of sons of the Armenian people participated in release from a Hitlerite yoke of Poland, Czechoslovakia, Romania, Bulgaria, Hungary, Yugoslavia, Austria. Here Hachik Akopdzhanyan, the former chairman of the Supreme Council of the Armenian Soviet Socialist Republic fell death brave.
It is difficult to overestimate a contribution to business of a victory of intelligence agents - illegal immigrants. The Armenian intelligence agents always were on the special account. Spouses of Kasabyana (participants of underground fight against fascism in Bulgaria), Gerasim Balasanov (the resident of foreign intelligence in Tokyo and Northern Korea, 1944 - 45), Mikhail Alaverdov (the resident in Kabul, 1941 - 44), Marius Yuzbashyan (the deputy commander of the guerrilla groups operating in the back of the opponent, 1944 - 45), Gurgen Agayan (after war it is awarded by the medal “For Defense of the Caucasus“). Test of the first Soviet atomic bomb at Semipalatinsk Test Site became a bolt from the blue for the USA and England. The director of CIA claiming about impossibility of creation of an atomic bomb by Councils before 1953 lost a position. The general - the major Gayk Ovakimyan - the head of the Soviet residency in New - York since 1933 was the author of the secret-service operation “Enormoz“ which allowed the USSR to create own nuclear weapon in short terms . Goar and Gevorg Vardanyana from the last business trip returned in 1986, their names declassified only in 2000 - m. The strange story of this married couple began in the years of World War II, in Tehran where they since 1940 and until the end of war worked with the head of the Soviet residency legendary intelligence agent Ivan Agayants, “the person who played Otto Skortseni“. During the Teheran conference of 1943 one of the most confidential operations of the Third Reich - attempt at leaders of “the big three“ - Stalin, Roosevelt and Churchill was broken by group of young men whom directed 19 - summer Gevorg Vardanyan .