Where to take qualitative products? About what agriculture of
is silent Cultivation of plants gained the wide circulation in simulated conditions rather recently. For the last 100 years it is possible to consider stages of creation of artificial conditions from primitive to completely automated hothouse systems with the minimum number of workers. All this became possible with development of power installations, electronics and systems of artificial lighting. Management of these systems via the computer allowed to find the optimum modes of cultivation of certain species of plants.
The main problem of development of greenhouse facility in the conditions of the North is an existence of cheap energy, both thermal, and electric. For small greenhouse facilities availability of gas is plus, and development of gas networks led to development of small greenhouse facility. But for the large enterprises the cost of gas is unacceptably high as at them and losses in case of bad sales of products large. Also they grow up not roses, but cucumbers. Existence of cheap energy is very important for the large hothouse enterprise.
And such energy is also at the large enterprises (metallurgical combines, nuclear power plants, hydroelectric power stations and so on). At these enterprises there are also human resources for cultivation of plants - first of all, for the collectives, providing themselves all the year round with fresh vegetables and fruit. Some enterprises burn the accompanying natural gas though it is possible to use it in the greenhouse facility, reducing thereby northern delivery, providing the employees with fresh products all the year round.
In the presence of large-scale greenhouse facility and the competition with imported of - for borders vegetables production has to be reduced the price so that it will become in the future unprofitable to grow up similar production in an open ground, and will disappear or, at least, the hunger problem in the world will decrease.
Conditions in the greenhouse are stable and brought closer to optimum for certain species of plants, and use of systems of a hydroponics will allow to grow up all the year round environmentally friendly production, without herbicides and nitrates, other toxic agents.
Of course, over time sornyakovy plants can get also into the closed systems, but lack of the soil will not promote their distribution. It is possible to carry out quarantine measures as required.
Proceeding from the above, it is possible to draw a conclusion that future agriculture completely will become hothouse. And only such economy can provide increasing population of the planet with phytogenesis food. And at this stage cultivation of rice and soy in the greenhouse which in the nature land in water tanks is extraordinary perspective as on these types of production there is a stable demand at processing industry (meat-processing plants, bakeries and so on) and eventually at the population.
The first who paid attention to development of greenhouse facility in northern conditions was the engineer A. E. Regel who attended the international agricultural exhibition in Paris in 1893. The popular brochure with drawings of greenhouses was written to them. This work did not lose the relevance to this day.
Development of greenhouse facility will allow to solve completely a problem of a crop rotation, cultivation of the earth, crop failures, a drought and natural disasters, shortages is combustible - lubricants and spare parts to combines, tractors. (All oil following from tractors, exhaust gases get to the soil, finally - in food. And some soils are infected with mercury and toxic chemicals, and it is dangerous to grow up on them products.) Universality of technology allows to apply it both to plants, and to mushrooms. Computers and automatic equipment give the chance to receive necessary quantity of production, and at the same time in the greenhouse only several people will work. Besides, greenhouses can be by the ships.
Modern products on quality depend on that soil on which they grew, on availability in it of mineral substances, necessary for a plant. At soil exhaustion producers receive the “empty“, “exaggerated“ products which do not have taste and a smell. In the conditions of the greenhouse quality of products can be regulated completely.
Thus, genno - the modified products are not necessary at all. In the greenhouse it is possible to receive products in that quality and quantity what is necessary, and in the necessary terms. That is products always fresh.