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the father Innokenti is an ethnographer, the scientist, an estestvopytatel I. E. Veniaminov of

father Innokenti

(literaturno - a biographic sketch)

Ivan Evseevich Veniaminov (1797 - 1879) is the Russian ethnographer, the estestvopytatel, the missionary, about fifteen years living among Aleuts, other tribes of the Russian America (since 1824 - go for 1839 - y) - deserved sincere love of local population on really huge open spaces.

One of the English travelers involuntarily expressed admiration of the orthodox devotee (in spite of the fact that Russia and England competed on the international scene that in the middle of 19 - go led centuries to the armed opposition which came to the end on the Pacific Ocean with full defeat of an enemy squadron by defenders of Petropavlovsk-Kamchatsky therefore, without having transferred a shame, the admiral Price was shot), having told contemporaries that Innokenti`s diocese - the most extensive in the world. All North of the Pacific Ocean entered it (the enormous region!) with the Beringovy and Okhotsk seas, with a set of islands, and also ALL Alaska, the Okhotsk Coast, Kamchatka, the Chukotski Peninsula and the Kuril Islands.

The author of the most valuable monograph about the Aleutian Islands, the first scientific grammar of the Aleutian language, a set of articles, Ivan Evseevich left scientific activity in 43 years, having become the bishop Kamchatka, Kuril and Aleutian, having accepted a name Innokenti (since 1868 he is Metropolitan of Moscow). the Russian writer Nikolay Zadornov so told

In the historical novel “Captain Nevelskoy“ about the archbishop Innokentii*: the famous missionary … dense, tall, with severe and even rigid expression of a round, corpulent face, with a fluffy broad beard was

“It; eyes at it small and prickly, lips thin, a back wide, strong hands.

the Siberian, is from - under Irkutsk, from “simple“, the man in a cassock who from the youth went to Alaska and who made the way in life in people a baptism of Indians, Innokenti learned languages of the people among which preached, made the dictionary and grammar of the Aleutian language. He was both the mechanic, and the joiner, and the carpenter, respect of Indians and Aleuts deserved the fact that he AT FIRST taught them to crafts, and then christened.

Travelling from the island on the island, Innokenti got used to the sea. Knowing well mathematics and astronomy, he studied both navigation, and sailing business.

Once, upon transition across the ocean from one part of the diocese in another, Innokenti got to a whole gale. The skipper died. Innokenti undertook control of the vessel, ordered sailors and safely gave the ship to the Kuril Islands.

But in recent years affairs in colonies strongly were not pleasant to Innokenti. Even more often came here serving, not approaching under blessing of orthodox priests. Almost all administration of the Company ** … / was not orthodox /

the Preponderance of Germans the bishop felt everywhere. He saw to what there is a Company … He saw that colonies do not have attention, crafts do not extend as would follow, lands do not become populated … He only vaguely guessed that in St. Petersburg DO NOT WANT development of RUSSIAN lands in America. All this was so unpleasant to Innokenti that on an old age of years he wanted to leave Alaska... to It it was joyful to

to see that the new general - the governor is respectful and hospitable. Innokenti felt in him the ally at once …“ several words we will tell

About the governor Muravyyov in the following sketch - especially as its subject has something in common with the powerful phrase which appears in the mentioned historical novel:

“The cupid will solve everything here …“

the Archbishop Innokenti understood importance of the huge Pacific region for Russia - perhaps, more important, than imprinted in centuries and in bronze action of Peter I who “opened a window to Europe“ on Baltic, close and small in comparison with the Pacific Ocean. Here, in the Far East Russia, the window was cracked not just - the doors to Asia, both America, to Australia, not to mention a sea way to Africa, and to thousands of the islands of Oceania, Indonesia, to New Zealand were going to be opened... The whole world opened for the people of Russia here.

I that was more sick Innokenti to be realized that, apparently, power in “a sacred hail of Pyotr“ was seized by foreigners. Really, the real power was then not so much at the Russian monarch how many at the German - the chancellor Nesselrode - and the most powerful official top, heavy, inert and slow officialdom of the empire in which subsoil almost any live progressive undertaking became deaf and died. And key posts in various departments (scientific, military, and also others) were occupied not by orthodox people.

Besides, Nesselrode, to modern measures, actually spied in favor of the immemorial enemy of Russia - in favor of England - building all foreign policy of the empire “in the European course“, and trying not to infringe in the slightest way on interests of British in China and on islands of the Pacific Ocean as if in advance “handing over“ positions of Russia (similar treacheries there will be in Russia, a loss of Alaska among this bitter not the most regrettable tragedy a lot) and coming true need to observe certain “balance“ on the international scene.

However, is already a subject for other, certain historian - political research.

the Name of the father Innokenti remained imprinted not only in church books, but also in names of settlements of the Far East.

Memory of orthodox devotees should not die!

***

* the fragment is given in reductions

** to Rossiysko - the American Company which power extended to all Russian America.

the Russian America - so called the Russian settlements on the coast of North America (mainly California and Alaska), the island of Kadiak and on the Aleutian Islands, the opening which arose later expedition of Beringa and Chirikov (1741 - y year) the places rich with a fur animal. Need to victual settlements from Russia generated an era of the Russian round-the-world travel and great geographical discoveries 19 - go centuries.