Rus Articles Journal

Styuarta - unhappy kings. How governed Dzheymsa?

In many researches should be read about the difficult childhood of Ivan the Terrible. Boyars among themselves fight, and do not put in anything the juvenile tsar. At Dzheymsov of II and V - the same, and is not easier.

A childhood of the king James II passed against fight between Livingstonami and Kriktonami. Then Livingstona Kriktonov bit to death and began Scotland to drive as wanted. In 1450 - m when the king was 20 years old, he ordered main to execute Livingstonov, and minor just to leave without means of support. But soon James II had opponents with much louder surname.

The king, as it usually happens, lacks money for the most essential needs eternally. And his second cousin William Douglas - just shows off. The Royal Court - pathetic poverty in comparison with the magnificent yard of the Black count. Moreover plus to that is the cousin William is only five years more senior, but already glorified commander.

Generally when the count Douglas made pilgrimage to Rome, the king took the most part of his possession. Douglas from Rome returned, drove out royal administrators and royal troops and declared the disobedience to a crown.

James II carried out action which - on his understanding - had to both to settle the relations with clan Duglasov, and to promote strengthening of its own team. Invited the count to negotiations, having given a written guarantee of safety, and pinned up a dagger. Or rather, did not pin up but only struck, the king`s confidants have to finish the count that, of course, well affected unity of labor collective.

Four brothers of the count Douglas burned the beautiful city of Styoling, besieged the king in the lock, thrust its diploma under a tail of a horse, but in general acted indecisively.

The king James II continued to rule happily while the hostile army Black Duglasov, much stronger, than his own wandered about the southern Scotland.

On it, in principle, Styuarta could and end if Black Duglasov did not crush Red Douglas, the count Angus. Why he sided with the king - a subject though for historical research though for the novel. In general, this person - a treasure for fans of historical forks, three times it had an opportunity to turn all history of Scotland and once - England.

James II`s government absolutely foolishly ended. Having decided to support relatives Lankasterov in their fight against Yorkshire terriers, the king of Scotland besieged the lock of Roksburg. The siege took its course - is shaky, shakily. To admire action there arrived the queen. The young king in honor of the beloved spouse decided to arrange samolichno salute from the biggest gun. Broke off a gun on part, and together with it and the king.

To the new king James III - eight years.

It was pleasant not to all, but the count Angus assigned a crown to James`s head and told:

- Let somebody will try to remove it now.

Did not decide to contradict Red Douglas. In principle, he could put on equally well a crown and himself the head. However, George Douglas inclined to becoming the English duke more, and conducted on it negotiations with the runaway king Henry VI.

Two groups fought for the power in Scotland. One the queen - mother, Mary Geldernskaya headed, another - the bishop Kennedy. It is possible to hope that leaders of confronting groups treated the young king kindly.

To James III it was foretold that he will die by hand the close relative. Therefore, having become the adult, he ground the brothers - one in the Edinburgh Castle, in the center of the capital, another - in Kreygmillare, on the suburb. In the lock Kreygmillar protection well coped with the duties - Jon Stewart, the count Mar, soon died under the obscure circumstances. And in the main citadel of the kingdom - full slovens, Alexander Stewart, the duke Albany, ran from - under guards.

It seems as the board began well, order was brought to the kingdom, the central power amplified. Naturally, such business ended with Lodersky mutiny. And Archibald Douglas, the count Angus, the son of that count Angus who assigned a crown to young James`s head was the main instigator.

Royal favourites were torn to pieces, the king is arrested and stripped of power. Here, by the way, the runaway brother returned from - for borders. Also suggested lords to call it simply - Alexander the Fourth.

By without restraint smart intrigues James III managed to be released from - under guards, to take the power in hand again, and ambitious to expel the brother from the kingdom.

But in 1488 - m - new mutiny.

The district around Styolinga is speckled by streams. The best-known of them - Bennokbern. But also Sochibern is rather known. On coast of this stream there was a fight between army of the king James III and army of rebels of prince James.

The prediction as it usually happens, came true not outright. Not the son personally killed the father, but the fact that it was made by one of soldiers of the prince, is not subject to doubt.

So there ascended to a throne the king James IV . He felt moral responsibility for the incident and as repentance all life carried chains on a body.

If it would be possible to call not this dark stain, its board successful.

And if in 1513 - it did not incur m on the Floddensky field.

Whether he listened to arrangements of the French allies whether it was moved on the provided case with impunity to plunder Northumbria (dreamboat of most of kings of Picts and cattle), but broke off the improved relations with England and went to be at war. By the way, the French soyuznichka helped also here the same as helped for the last two hundred years. Sent small group of mercenaries to the help and taught the last word of military equipment - long peaks. Such five-meter instruments of labor were used by Swisses - and with great success. But to them there corresponded tactics and the structure of the Swiss army is in - the first, and in - the second - at the beginning of the 16th century long peaks became already an anachronism.

Not only that James IV himself died in fight on the Floddensky field not only that he ruined all Scottish army and almost all Scottish knights. He still played a good a dirty trick on the son and the successor.

Queens of Scotland, wives Dzheymsov Styuartov, usually became widows at young age. But seldom which of them long remained in this quality. The queen Margaret was twenty four years old. In 1514 - m she became a countess Angus. However, enough its relations with the new husband became bad soon, and there and in general hostile.

In 1517 - m queen (countess) Margaret filed for divorce. Rimsko - the Scottish bureaucrats long delayed and parted this couple only in 1527 - m, in ten years. And the relations between spouses were such that they equipped against each other small armies and were at war. Battle at Linlithgow Bridge (the bridge through the river Avon which gave the name to cosmetic firm) is especially known where supporters the column Angus crushed army of his spouse.

And so, Archibald Douglas, the count Angus, in 1525 made revolution. Took away the power in the hands, and, above all - captured the stepson James whom several years kept in Edinburgh under supervision, actually - under arrest.

Subsequently the king James V hated all Duglasov before that the special royal decree the people carrying this surname were forbidden to approach the residence of the king closer, than on seven miles. There was, however, one exception - his stepsister Margaret.

In 1528 - m fifteen-year-old James managed to get away from the stepfather. The young king found adherents at once, Archibald Douglas was displaced from all posts and expelled. But the count managed to devastate the state treasury almost completely.

Now - 1542 - y.

James V liked to marry Frenchwomen and Duglasov hated. And still he hated British - a little strange for the native grandson of the English king Henry VII, but there`s nothing to be done. The policy hostile to England was a consequence of it, and everything ended with the fact that the uncle Heinrich (VIII) decided to punish the nephew severely.

The Scottish army under command of the count Huntley of British won the first battle. But to win battle and to win war - different things. The count`s king discharged of command also itself at the head of army moved towards to the enemy. But the Scottish lords could not forgive him to the late father of Flodden, many of them asked a question: what for the sake of they have to battle against British? The king nearly for a collar had to pull out lords from their locks and to force to join army.

After the first small skirmish at Solluey - Moss all almost Scottish army deserted. The king went to the Falkland palace where he died of nervous breakdown at the age of thirty years.

Vyacheslav Martin, unhappy kings - Styuarta is right.