Rus Articles Journal

When Centenary war ended?

Generally with it everything is almost clear. The war between England and France called Centenary ended on December 31, 1800. Slightly more difficult a question of when it began.

The king of England John (Ioann) of I inherited from the brother Richard rather impressive territories on the continent. All this real estate was acquired by back-breaking toil of immediate ancestors of the king John and to France of that time was related very much and very indirect.

Here Duchy of Normandy, country of Normans. A dynasty nest, from here the great-great-grandfather William went to conquer England. In 911 the king Karl Prostovaty, without being valid for fight against the leader of Normans Rollon, signed the contract with him and officially transferred it lands which all the same could not control.

Duchy of Aquitaine, dowry of mother of the king John, Aliyenora. Except the Aquitaine, her ancestors were dukes of Gascony and columns of Poitou, and got all this the oldest daughter of Gilyom Svyaty, the last duke from a dynasty Ramnulfidov. Aquitaine till 890 was the certain kingdom, though not quite sovereign, the population - descendants of the tribe of akvitan which at all not Gauls and not francs. About Gascony (Baskoniya) and there is nothing to speak. That is, it is possible to tell that - but language - Occitan. In this language the first troubadours composed the ballads. From them the king of England the Lion-Heart was not the last.

Poitou is much to the north, that is, is closer to Paris. Nevertheless in this area puatevinsky language is still used. It is doubtful that natives Or - - Frans understand it.

Here Anjou, Maine and Turen - actually France. But it is patrimonial possession (since 879) dynasties which at the suggestion of the count Geoffroi V began to be called Plantagenetami.

Still Brittany. On this duchy, the truth to tell, it is right at the English crown doubtful. But at the French - especially. Brittany, by the way, managed to keep which - what independence till 1532. In 1963 - the m is created the Front of liberation of Brittany playing for separation from France. In the Middle Ages (and now) Brittany was populated with the Britons who emigrated from the Island under the pressure of angl and saxophones.

Possession of the king of England even if not to consider England, were much more extensive, than at the French colleague.

Fight against own counts and lords was a major activity of the king John. At the same time the success not especially accompanied it - before reached that forced to sign the Great charter of liberties. But it later.

In 1206 the French king Philip Augustus demanded that the king of England was to Paris and brought to it ommazh for all continental possession. Purely theoretically he had the right. But Henry II or Richard I just would send it where far away. And John so could not. He just did not go, and all. On the one hand - to be dishonored before citizens, with another, knowing Philip Augustus - it will be very problematic to return live.

Philip Augustus, maybe, would also not decide to oppose strong and uniform England. But now it was presented a case to use weakness of the English king.

In a short space of time (practically - eight years) the king of France appropriated for himself almost all continental possession of the house Plantagenetov. Reached that the king John got the nickname Landless. Besides, the French prince Ludovic landed with army in England with firm intention to attack London and to try on the English crown.

It did not work well. The king John died, Ludovic Frantsouzsqui as a syuzeren was not necessary to the English columns at all. Better juvenile Henry III.

From all English possession on the continent there was only Gascony (Guyenne). Strongly local barons under France did not want to go, and to organize full-scale expedition - hands did not reach.

It had to be offensive for the English kings.

Henry III, following in the footsteps of the father, carried out the most part of the long board in the conflicts with the English columns. Before lived that was taken prisoner to own son-in-law. Edward I, while was a prince, was fond of crusades, and having become the king, conquered Wales and Scotland. Edward II was, seemingly, not only blue, but also with the masochist - all who wanted beat him.

In 1327 - the m ascended to a throne Edward III. He - that also remembered old offenses.

So far future commander was a juvenile, French slowly, but regularly pinched off pieces from Gascony, and it turned into a very narrow coastal strip.

And in general, the king Eduard was a native grandson of the king of France Philip Krasivy and if under the English laws, then had more rights for the French crown, than the nephew Philippe Valois. It is unlikely actually Edward III seriously expected to become the king of France, but what excellent opportunity to expel the French aggressors from patrimonial possession!

In 1337 - m began military operations. British won all fights, approached Paris, but it was more difficult to be fixed in the won territories.

By the way, in connection with all above, Black Prinze`s shevosha of 1355-1357 can look in a different way on well-known. Usually they are considered as purely extortionate enterprise, and the only purpose - production. But the real task of prince Eduard was to punish the vassals of the father who went over on the party of the opponent and to give the chance to cause a stir to vassals true. The first - that were afraid, and with the second - a brotherhood on the weapon.

All this business lasted with variable success. - the well-known battles, - long truces.

At the beginning of the 15th century there came the change. In 1415 - m the king of England Henry V crushed French at Azenkure, in 1419 - the m completely freed Normandy. In 1420 - m in Troyes the king of France Charles VI Bezumny signed the contract under which he recognized Heinrich as the successor. And gave the daughter in wives. In 1421 - m the English troops occupied Paris. A little Scots - the forwarding case of Jon Stewart, the column Byyukhen impaired a little business, crushed the English army at My God. It would not stop Henry V. But in 1422 - m he died at the age of 34 years.

In several months also Charles VI died.

To Henry VI, the son of the king of England and the grandson of the king of France there was no year also. Nevertheless, he was crowned by both crowns subsequently. Two most powerful kingdoms almost united.

Of course, such succession of events was pleasant not to all. In an environment of a dauphin of Charles, on everything to see, there was a talented screenwriter and the director.

In 1429 - the m was put into operation the Zhanna project.

To 1453 - mu England lost everything, except the city of Calais on the bank of the Strait of Dover. This city with vicinities was English till 1558.

Throughout the next three and a half centuries the conflicts ran high, calmed down. Sometimes England (Great Britain) and France acted as allies, but appeared on different sides of a front line much more often.

All this time of Plantageneta, the Tudor dynasty, Styuarta and Hanover Georgie continued to carry a title of kings of France, that is held the Parisian colleague for it is unknown whom. That is, the war which began with privatization of continental possession by Philip Augustus Plantagenetov did not end.

In 1800 when Great Britain was at war already with Napoleonic France, the peace respite was necessary for both parties. During preliminary consultations the French diplomats noticed that it is somehow inconvenient them, to representatives of the French republican government to sign the contract with the person calling himself the king of France.

George III not especially resisted. Refused a title and lilies in the coat of arms.

If to read out since 1206 - go, from the offense caused by Philip Augustus to the king John till 1800 - go when Great Britain recognized the French government, then it would be more correct to call this war six hundred-summer.