For what the risen Warsaw in August - September, 1944 kosterit the London government?
B 1984 ashes of this person passed away on the Sydney cemetery Rookwood. In far Australia. For many thousands of kilometers from Lodz in which he was born and which then, in 1908, still was a part of the Russian Empire.
Boundless open spaces of two oceans separate its grave from Warsaw thanks to which it became known. In 44 - m. When on August 24 the underground radio station of Army Craiova “Blyskavitsa“ (“Lightning“) for the first time aired the lines which at once are picked up by all Poland:
Here we have wolf teeth and garrison caps aslant,
In warring Warsaw cries nobody.
Here Prussians live off us,
But even a naked hand we smother enemies for a throat. (the translation K. Kucera) Cannot tell
that Zbigniew Yasinsky did not write verses before. Already to the middle 30 - x he was rather famous poet and the journalist. Though, working at Sea Institute of Gdansk, was also not engaged in literature professionally. Who knows how it would develop it (and not only it!) destiny, if not war.
September fights 39 - go, an environment, captivity. Camp of the Polish prisoners of war Aunty`s, near Kursk. In 40 - the m when for the forthcoming exchange of prisoners of war of the lieutenant Yasinsky send to Lublin which was then in the territory occupied by Germans, to Zbigniew is possible to run from one of stages. And since the next year it already in the ranks of the Army Craiova (AC). “Ores“, “Zbigniew Rudy“ - under such name he was known by both fellow soldiers, and all Polish underground.
In 1943 he is a courier of joint stock company in Yugoslavia. And on September 1, 1944 - go the Warsaw revolt begins. From its very first day to the last Yasinsky - one of the staff of Blyskavitsa radio station .
Augustus - the period of emotional lift of the Warsaw Revolt. It seemed, what is a little more … Still slightly - slightly! And Warsaw, after five years of occupation, will be free again. And after it - and all Poland! Perhaps this optimistic spirit, expectation of a close victory also became the reason of creative splash in Zbigniew.
Till August 10 he writes “We refuse!“ (other name “Reply of Gas plant“ ). Till August 23 - the poem “August“.
After August 24 from - under Zbigniew`s feather “the Song of Warsaw“, “A song about Revolt“, “Conscience of the world“ will leave. But any of these works will not be able even to approach that level of emotional heat and poetic force which it is literally electrified by “We demand ammunition!“, become the most popular song of Revolt:
You sing everything there that, expiring brotherly blood,
In a smoke of the fires Warsaw perishes.
A we here with a naked breast - on guns.
Surprisingly to you, under your songs and shouts “bravo“ …
This song - the poem as it seems to me, it is necessary to read if not at the same time, then at once after Jacek Kachmarsky`s “Tank“.
Because “We demand ammunition!“ not only transfers a situation of the Warsaw Revolt of the middle of August, 1944 - go and emotional, patriotic upsurge of insurgents, but also speaks (I would even tell - shouts!) that Poles sent damnations not only towards the right coast of Vistula where literally in one throw from the Polish capital stopped part and division 1 - go the Belarusian front of the marshal Rokossovsky. Or were limited only to our former compatriots, together with parts CC and Wehrmacht taking active part in revolt suppression. And which was many times over (at least much!) it is more, than the Soviet fighters and officers who were at war on the party of insurgents.
Warsaw sent not less vigorous damnations also towards the London government.
Tells Zbigniew Yasinsky`s poem about it, on August 24, 1944 for the first time aired by underground radio station of Army Craiova of “Blyskavits“ (“Lightning“) and at once become popular among insurgents. Emotional, filled with strong and courageous feelings “We demand ammunition!“ is a typical example of poetry of Revolt and rightfully entered “gold reserves“ of insurgent literature.
Why you, in London, sing funeral chorals,
all the time When, at last, the long-awaited holiday came?!
I here together with the guys are at war girls.
I small children fight. And even blood flows joyfully. Grudges
only that these emotions and were gone in vain. Yasinsky`s shout reflecting original feelings of the majority of those who selflessly battled two months in the capital of Poland practically and was left without answer. Instead of so necessary to insurgents of ammunition the London radio station started in the evening in air a funeral psalm “With much more often a smoke of the fires“ - a conventional sign, having heard which, in Warsaw understood that it at the closest night of the Air Force of allies will not dump the weapon. Aviation deliveries of ammunition about which Warsaw so persistently asked were scanty in comparison with scales of fights...
Zbigniew was lucky. The death, in August - September 44 - go taken away with itself several outstanding Polish poets, such as Krzysztof Bachinsky, Tadeush Gaytsy, spared Yasinsky. He was taken prisoner, and the rest of war was spent in officer camp by Sandbostel (Sandbostel). Exactly there in October Zbigniew will write “Marched“ and “Through wires“. After war will publish a small author`s small volume of its poetry “Blood and a rhyme“.
In 1952 Yasinsky will emigrate to Australia. That in 32 years forever to remain in the earth of this continent.
But also today the Polish boys in baggy wrinkled trousers with big patchpockets on hips already in fate - arrangement, but with the same force and internal heat as their grandfathers and great-grandfathers, sing the well-known song of Revolt from a scene:
Reception! Here - heart of Poland. Warsaw speaks!
Throw out funeral chants from transfer!
U we are enough spirit, and it is enough to you!
is not necessary an applause. We demand ammunition!
I so far in Poland sing this song of Yasinsky, it remembers about is mute. And about all those who in August - October 44 - go laid down the young life for its freedom. At the same time it is not important for it whom they were on a nationality. Poles. Jews. Russians. Slovaks. Georgians. French. Armenians.
Poland remembers all of them. Even if we also do not know their names. We do not know yet …