Rus Articles Journal

Enotera: you are not familiar yet?

As soon as succeed summer day short warm night, dismisses the flowers of an enoter. Fragrant, yellow, they flicker in twilight as a pale flame of the burning candles. Then you begin to understand why Germans nicknamed to an enoter “A night candle“.

Enotera - a plant from an ancient family tree. Different types enoter (and there are their about 60) are newcomers from North America. Locals of America are Indians, long since trusted an enoter as to hours with exact time as its flowers reveal strictly in the same hour - at sunset. Applied it and as an edible plant. Ate all parts: flowers and leaves, roots and young escapes though enoter especially for it it was not grown up.

In the seventeenth centuries of an enoter it was brought to Europe where occupied one of places of honor in gardens and parks. Gradually from the European gardens it reached also Russia. Here, however, this fine plant received not so romantic name, as in Germany - an oslinnik. Most likely, because leaves enoter are similar to asinine ears.

Enotera treats family of kipreyny. “Family“ totals her quite large number of “relatives“ whom also our Ivan - tea, and also a widespread houseplant - a fuchsia was among.

Large, yellow, with a pleasant smell flowers enoter usually are dismissed in the evening, but grades which flowers are opened throughout all time of day are already removed today. The stalk “is dressed“ in a fur coat from light, short hairs. A fruit - the mnogosemyanny box consisting of four separate sections. One plant enoter can give up to 60 thousand seeds.

To the soil of an enoter it is not exacting, but grows on neutral, with reaction rn 5 better. 5. Prefers the lit, open places, without stagnation of moisture, but well transfers also a penumbra. The plant perfectly winters, even without shelter.

Enotera easily breeds crops of seeds under winter (August) or in the spring in boxes (March) or directly to the soil (April - May). Small seeds should be powdered only with slightly sifted earth (I use the sifted, dry sand) and to humidify from a spray. Shoots appear for 7-10 day after landing. They are landed after a podrastaniye on the constant place with distance in 10 - 15 cm from each other. Seedlings only for the second year after crops, but if to grow up them through seedling, then - same year will blossom.

It is quite simple to multiply it and a vegetative way - office of the young copies which are formed around maternal or division of a bush in May or towards the fall. Enotera multiplied by division of a bush at the very beginning of May will blossom in the same summer (quite so I caught her in the garden). To this plant quite to liking usual leaving: watering, weeding, loosening and top dressing by full complex fertilizer (3 times during the season).

Enotera well transfers change thanks to what it is possible to create picturesque flower groups in semi-shady corners of a site. As neighbors an enoter perfectly will approach: astilba, host, akvilegiya, hollyhock, coneflower, ageratum, lobelia, alissum, tsinerariya, tseloziya grebeshkovy.

For landing in a garden it is possible to use such types enoter as:

Enotera is krupnotsvetkovy, or biannual - one of the types, most widespread in culture, an enoter. This quite high (to 2 meters) the plant, with large is bright - yellow flowers, possesses a gentle smell, especially notable in the evening.

The grade “An evening dawn“, up to 90 cm high, with yellow (with slightly reddish outflow) the flowers exhaling delicate, pleasant aroma is very beautiful.

Enotera missuriysky - an undersized plant, with light-yellow single flowers in the form of a cup, to 10 cm in the diameter which as if lie on a soil surface. They possess gentle, with citrus notes, aroma. Unfortunately, this look enoter badly transfers our cold winters and often freezes.

Enotera fragrant - a shade-loving plant vysty to 1 meter, with yellow flowers which can remain open all day. Refined and delicate aroma of flowers of this look enoter will make her the welcome guest on any garden site.

Enotera shrubby - differs from other types an enoter in what forms a bush about 90 cm high, with strong, well branched stalks, is dark - green small leaves and medium-sized (about 3 cm) yellow flowers. Especially favourably looks an enoter shrubby in the early fall when its leaves become crimson.

In seeds enoter scientists found linoleic and scale - linoleic acids which are irreplaceable for a human body since are a part of prostaglandin which is responsible for the correct metabolism.

Enoter apply oil to treatment of skin diseases: rashes of allergic character, neurodermatitis, eels, dryness of skin of hands. For receiving oil enoter many states including the European, grow up it specially.