Rus Articles Journal

What do we know about the people who opened Northern and Southern poles of Earth? Robert Peary of

Is two books which it is good to read one for another, are autobiographical texts “North Pole“ Roberta Peary and the “South Pole“ of Rual Amundsen.

American Robert Peary writes about the feat. In memoirs there is a lot of word “I“. No, the contribution of other participants of expedition, of course, too is considered. But it is made so that all on light realized a distance between the leader of a campaign and subordinated.

Oh, heavy burden of the head to which any assistant is valuable! Painful descriptions of reflections over the list of products and equipments. Maniacal saving of own forces for the last breakthrough, collecting for all best. And any excesses. Unless a bathtub in a snow-white cabin and 1000 pounds of tobacco.

Everyone, read the book, will remember that Peary improved the Eskimo sledge, having increased them to 12 feet against nine as sledge until the end of the book will be called as “Peary`s sledge“.

Peary in detail describes fauna of the Arctic, hunting on walruses, polar bears, seals, musky musk oxen. He in detail draws a society organization of Eskimos - doreligiozny ceremonies, myths, legends, language, singing, sayings, traditions, subtleties of relationship of the tribe and warm attachments (one of Eskimos goes to a pole for the sake of production; having received the gun and supplies, he will be able to achieve favor of darling), hunting achievements and skillful production of clothes, ability to survive in polar conditions. At the same time the researcher denies presence at Eskimos of culture.

Peary`s words create feeling that his many contemporaries did not realize a worthiness of the people of Eskimos. However the society organization of Eskimos in those days, except respect, causes nothing in me. As it often happens at small communities on huge spaces, they were organized powerlessly. Were friendly, hospitable and survived thanks to mutual aid and support. Money in community of Eskimos did not make any sense. It seems that advantages of similar society were not obvious to the military American seaman - he describes realities as naivety, nonsense, cunning, underdevelopment, primitiveness of indigenous people.

But if to look at Peary`s life with eyes of Eskimos, Peary`s life was senseless. Yes, it possessed the benefits and goods, but what he did what aspired to why he wanted to reach a certain point on an infinite ice armor of Earth, - whether it made any sense for Eskimos? Very much I doubt.

And today many people are busy with vain senseless race. There is no special scientific or geographical sense in Peary`s expeditions (and in expedition of the North Pole challenging opening of James Cook). Only the myth of a pervootkryvatelstvo (read: decades of preparation, unsuccessful expeditions, physical sufferings, death of people and animals, enormous costs of equipment were vain).

Along with it the Eskimos who were from time immemorial living near a pole where as osmyslenny disposed more rationally of those remains of equipment of expedition for which were bought by researchers courage, experience and service.

And all - for those times Peary`s views and his readiness to work with Eskimos, to live on their customs, to build typical Eskimo dwellings is very tolerant views. Peary allows Eskimos to live as they got used, considers their psychology and habits.

But patronizing racism is noticeable in Peary`s book - names of Eskimos (unlike “the servant Peary, Mathew Hanson, color“) are not specified as participants of expedition. Sorting groups, Peary takes away to himself “bad Eskimos“, saying that “he can get on with all“. Hundred died dogs are also not mentioned in final documents - it is only inanimate equipment.

Peary often comes back to a subject of the died researchers - predecessors. Obvious miscalculations of planning lead to death of the person - two Eskimos kill professor Marvin.

Peary does not burden the reader with excess details of life and activity of other members of expedition.

Casually tells also about one more person who went to unprecedented feats. This is Josephine Dibich Peary, the researcher`s wife, “the first woman of white race who was wintering on Far North“ and gave birth to the daughter in Greenland. Though I understand that men will not see in it a special feat. You will think, to take out and give birth to the child.

The ancient Eskimo old woman passed 100 miles across Greenland, “to see the white woman“.

Peary writes about the feelings to the wife, but nothing - about her feelings.

The part of the book is devoted to the description of receiving money for expedition and reflections about insufficient financing. The meeting with Roosevelt gives to travel special officiality, fundamental nature. An illustrative number of contest of opening from James Cook immerses the reader in past squabbles.

With what torments come to an end? Peary has all reasons for uncertainty in a victory. Its “opening of a pole“ will not be documentary proved. The value of a campaign of Peary, will repeat, remains very doubtful. 60 years later, having also run on pack ice, the pole will be reached by more grown wise researchers led by Walley Herbert who will be able to prove discovery of the North Pole.

Nowadays can reach the North Pole any - the equipment is perfect, it is not enough inaccessible places on the planet. And it is difficult to tell whether so the victims of race for prestige - the ruined people and animals were necessary.