Coffee you will be...
... in 1683, Vienna was besieged by Turks. The Polish immigrant Franz Koltschizki who had east appearance safely passed through a front line, carrying by messages from army to the city and back. Thanks to his heroism the Turkish troops got beaten and were forced to recede, having abandoned a set of exotic things. Among the left property there were also bags of green coffee grains which were received by Koltschizki.
In acknowledgement of the Pole`s merits before the city the Vienna authorities presented it the house and allowed to open in it the country`s first coffee house. There are several versions of this legend. It agrees one of them, he at first sold coffee, going on houses, and only then asked the building; it agrees another - honor of opening of the first coffee house belonged not to it at all, and to the unknown Armenian. Anyway, coffee strongly was proved in Vienna.
Town coffee houses not only carried out a role of institutions where it was pleasant to drink a coffee cup, they personified the lifestyle which developed in the capital of Austria rather. Served drink, excellent on quality (legends claim that there were 28 of its grades) to them, and also provided to visitors numerous newspapers and magazines. The Vienna cafes were equipped with unique wooden newspaper columns, little tables with marble covers and the well-known chairs with bent backs and legs. Subsequently such way of registration of an interior of cafe became very fashionable and extended across all Europe.
Residents of Vienna were also unique, as well as cafe of this city. According to one of writers - eyewitnesses, they professed such outlook according to which they did not wish to notice surrounding reality at all.
Other contemporary claimed that they hated fresh air and physical exercises, they did not love and the private way of life limited to house walls.
Many men spent time in favourite coffee houses, visiting them several times a day - in the morning and after a lunch quietly to read newspapers, and in the evening to play chess or to participate in clever conversations.
Among visitors of the famous cafes, such as “Shperl“ and “Grinshtaydl“, was many intellectuals, writers, politicians and artists. The majority of them adhered to radical views. For example, supporters of female emancipation gathered in “Grinshtaydla“. In Vienna there were also other institutions intended for sellers of fabrics and horses, dentists, politicians and thieves.
Cafes began to arise not only in Vienna, but also everywhere in the Austrian possession Gabsburgov - in Krakow, Prague, Budapest and other cities. Nevertheless in the capital they were the most popular. By 1840 there them there were over eighty, and by the end of their 19th century already were more than six hundred.
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1. It “ unknown Armenian “ called Johan Diodato (Ovannes Astvatsatur).
2. The Polish emigrant Kolchitski was Armenian too.