Rus Articles Journal

Florensky Pavel Aleksandrovich is Russian “Leonardo da Vinci“?

Pavel Aleksandrovich Florensky (on January 22, 1882, Yevlakh - on December 8, 1937) - ingenious Russian philosopher and scientist. On the father his family tree goes to the Russian clergy, mother came from an old and noble Armenian family Saparyan.

Florensky very much early found special mathematical talents and upon termination of a gymnasium in Tiflis arrived on mathematical office of the Moscow University. Upon termination of University it did not accept the offer to remain at University for occupations in the field of mathematics, and came to the Moscow Spiritual academy. These years he together with Erne, Sventsitsky and lake Brikhnichev created the “Union of Christian fight“ seeking for radical updating of a social order in the spirit of ideas of Vl. Solovyova about “the Christian public“. Later Florensky absolutely departed from radical Christianity.

In days of students its interests cover philosophy, religion, art, folklore. He enters a circle of young participants of the symbolical movement, ties friendship with Andrey Bely, and his first creative experiences there are articles in symbolist magazines “New Way“ and “Scales“ where he seeks to introduce mathematical concepts in a philosophical perspective.

in the years of training in Spiritual Academy it has a plan of the capital composition, its future book “Pillar and Statement of Truth“ which most part it finishes by the end of training. After the termination of Academy in 1908 he becomes in it the teacher of philosophical disciplines, and in 1911 accepts priesthood and in 1912 is appointed the editor of the academic magazine “Theological Bulletin“. The full and final text of its book “Pillar and Statement of Truth“ appears in 1924.

In 1918 the Spiritual Academy transfers the work to Moscow, and then is closed. In 1921 also Sergiyevo - the Pasadsky temple where Florensky served as a priest is closed. In years since 1916 - go on 1925 Florensky writes a row it is religious - philosophical works, including “Cult philosophy sketches“ (1918), “Iconostasis“ (1922), works on the memoirs. Along with it it comes back to occupations by physics and mathematics, working also in the field of equipment and materials science. Since 1921 he works in the Glavenergo system, taking part in GOELRO, and in 1924 lets out publishes the big monograph about dielectrics. Other direction it activity during this period - art criticism and museum work. At the same time Florensky works in the Commission on protection of monuments of art and old times to the Trinity - Sergiyevy Monastery, being her scientific secretary, and writes a number of works on Old Russian art.

In the second half of the twentieth years the circle of occupations of Florensky is forcedly limited to technical questions. In the summer of 1928. it is banished to Nizhny Novgorod, but the same year, on E. P. Peshkova`s efforts, vozvrashchvt from the reference. In the early thirties against it campaign in the Soviet press with articles of rabble-rousing and donositelsky character is started. On February 26, 1933 arrest and in 5 months, on July 26, - - condemnation on 10 years of imprisonment followed. About 1934 Florensky contained in the Solovki camp. On November 25, 1937 it was sentenced by the special three of UNKVD of the Leningrad region to a capital punishment and shot on December 8, 1937.