Rus Articles Journal

Six hundred-summer stay of Armenians in Moscow... and tercentenary in St. Petersburg

the First information about the “Moscow“ Armenians belongs to the end of the 14th century. The Armenian merchants were one of pioneers of establishment of trade relations of Moskovia with the countries of the East. Some historians even called a trade way across Volga “the armnyasky road“.

In the 16th century many Armenian dealers and handicraftsmen already had own houses in Moscow, were suppliers of goods to the imperial yard. The magnificent gift of the Armenian trading company from Persia to Alexey Mikhaylovich - the well-known “diamond“ throne decorated with diamonds, rubies and turquoise belongs to the 17th century. It is nowadays in Armory. And the tsar appoints the famous Armenian artist Bogdan Saltanov “the painter of the yard“ and the chief master of Armory. Thirty six years Saltanov in the Kremlin worked, painted pictures, trained “from the Russian people of pupils “.

Gradually the Armenian surnames of Tamantsev, Karamurzayev, Boyadzhiyev, Ananov, Lianozov become known to all business Moscow.

In the 18th century from Iran the family of rich businessmen Lazarev moved to Moscow (Lazaryanov). Since then one and a half centuries of economic, cultural and political life of Moscow, St. Petersburg, Russia were connected with activity of this unique family. Lazarev soon received the Russian nobility. Subsequently and representatives of other Armenian childbirth are granted for merits by the Russian noble titles: Abameleki`s princes, Argutinskiye - Dolgorukiy, the count Loris - Melikov was the Minister of Internal Affairs of the Russian Empire, the count Delyanov became the minister of education.

In Moscow Lazarev` family had several houses in Stolovy Lane. Later Lazarev got permission to construct there church which architect was Felten. After it Stolpova Lane was renamed in Armenian.

Moscow possesses a special role in development russko - the Armenian life. At the beginning of the 19th century Lazarev` family decided to construct and contain on the money in Moscow large educational institution. In Armyansk the lane the remarkable architectural complex was built. At first here opened school, then a gymnasium with teaching the Armenian, Persian, Turkish, Arab languages, apart from the European.

And today, three centuries later for which Armenians Moscow became the second homeland actively participate in his economic, scientific, cultural life.

Here trained teachers and translators dyal public service. Subsequently this educational institution received the name of Lazarevskoye of institute of east languages where among others Turgenev and Stanislavsky studied. Now in this building Embassy of the Republic of Armenia.

As the peculiar symbols connecting the Russian and Armenian stories the great commander Alexander Suvorov (Manukyan) and the ingenious scientist and phyloowls Pavel Florensky (Saparyan) can serve. Admiral Isaakov (Isaakyan), marshals Bagramyan, Babadzhanyan, Aganov and Khudyakov (Hanferyants).

And during modern times many remarkable representatives of the Armenian people cast in the lot with Moscow: musicians, scientists, artists, actors, politicians. These are composers Khachaturian, Babadzhanyan, Tariverdiev, Tukhmanov, Dobrynin, Balasanyan. This is the aircraft designer Mikoyan, scientists Asratyan, Knunyants, Iosifyan, Chilingarov. This is Vakhtangov and a theatrical dynasty of Simonov, favourite actors Engibarov, Mkrtchyan, Dzhigarkhanyan... world champions in chess Petrosyan and Kasparov, famous cinematographers Shakhnazarov, Kulidzhanov... both dynasty Keosayanov and many, many others.

_____________

Armenians began to lodge in the young capital of Russia among its first inhabitants. Written certificates on stay of Armenians in St. Petersburg belong to 1708. And in 1710 the Armenian merchants and handicraftsmen formed the community here.

Pyotr I encouraged activity of Armenians in Russia and promoted their resettlement from Persia and Turkey. In 1711 he specified to the Senate: “... Armenians as it is possible to caress and facilitate in what decently to give hunting for their bigger arrival“. In other its decree of 1723 it was told: “The honest Armenian people to contain in osoblivy favor... we not tolkyo enjoined to protect their merchants, but also still greater profit and advantage some osoblivy privileges we will favor “.

As a result of such policy Russia became for Armenians of one of the most hospitable countries.

In St. Petersburg Armenians at first lodged on Vasilyevsky Island, then in Foundry part and on the St. Petersburg party. in the second half of the 18th century at a personal request of the jeweler of the imperial yard Ivan Lazarev (Hovhaness Lazaryan) Ekaterina Vtora allowed to construct the Armenian church for the sake of Saint Ekaterina on Nevsky Avenue. The architect Felten directed construction. By the end of the 18th century with construction of pritserkovny houses the ensemble on the Nevsky got the final shape. In these houses in different years there lived the ministrimperatorsky yard Speransky, the poet Tyutchev, the bookstore of the publisher Suvorin was placed.

Many names of zamechatlny Armenian builders, diplomats, doctors, scientists, merchants, military leaders, cultural figures are known to the Russian history. Among eminent representatives of the Armenian diaspora in Petereburge there were industrialists and patrons Lazarev, scientists Abamelek - Lazarev and Orbeli, the archbishop Argutinsky, ministers Loris - Melikov and Delyanov, military leaders Lazarev and Argutinsky - Dolgorukov, heroes of Patriotic war of 1812 Madatov, Bebutov, the artist Ayvazovsky, the architect Tamanyan, composers Komitas and Spendiarov, the astrophysicist Ambartsumyan, the director of the Hermitage M. Piotrovsky (Dzhanpuladyan), the legendary ballerina Agrippina Vaganova.

*

of HorizonWorld Armenian Forum.