Rus Articles Journal

The letter in an envelope … How it was? Tell

, and write you “live letters“? Whether you wait for the mail carrier with the small white envelope capable to make you the happiest or most unfortunate person on light? Other ways to transfer the love and care, to warm soul, to move to tears, being far apart, or to break heart - no. The familiar handwriting scattered by beads on paper will pull out you from reality and will return for a moment to an environment of people close to you.

Electronic correspondence, SMS - messages, phone calls simplified our life, narrowed distances in thousands of kilometers about several seconds and practically forced out paper correspondence.

The letter is even not the photo which fixes only emotions and does not allow to express the most intimate, it cannot be re-read anew, to experience the forgotten feelings as though they were still yesterday and to understand a state of mind.

Writing of the letter is the whole art and conscious creativity. Not at all it turns out equally easily and deeply, competently and tactfully, attentively and naturally, delicately and tremblingly to present important information. You will not attach the voice, a smile, a look, gestures to paper.

To that form in which we found paper writing there was it not one millennium.

The first traces on sand, symbolically and conditionally outlined, by right it is possible to carry to sources of deliberate transmission of messages. The end of the stone person, here then for the first time homo sapienses also thought that it is possible to transfer information at distance and to fix in time.

Indians of North America thought up the way of information transfer. On a thread circles from the sinks of different color and the size painted in different colors were strung.

Ancient Inca of the letter did of woolen cords of various color and tied on them simple and difficult knots. Each knot and every color threads had the value.

Except complication of threads and cords, the primitive people used labels on which notches and lots designated the transferred data.

The first example of the letter descriptive in which graphic signs are used namely pictures, letters, figures (from Greek graphikos - “written“) are images on a stone, a tree, clay of separate objects or the whole actions. Such “pictograms“ were clear to the people speaking different languages.

The pictography was succeeded by the ideographic letter (from Greek idea - “concept“ and grapho - “I write“) with strictly established, steady tracings of graphic signs, it still call “hieroglyphic“. Signs were connected with contents, word meaning, differently said in different languages. Schematical drawings turned into conventional signs - hieroglyphs. The most striking example of such letters are Ancient Egyptian hieroglyphic letters. One Egyptian hieroglyph is an alphabetic character. In the Egyptian alphabet there were 24 hieroglyphs of consonants. Signs for vowels were not. Egyptians the first invented new material for the letter - the papyrus. It was made of a marsh plant with the name of the same name.

Inhabitants of Ancient Mesopotamia for writing used clay of which clay tiles were made. On them the wooden reed cutter applied signs, then plates dried and burned. Such writing was called - “cuneiform writing“, it formed the basis of Latin of the Ancient East.

One more striking example of hieroglyphic letters is the Chinese system of “keys“ (they are 214) and fonetik (their 1000), allowing to build new signs in unlimited number. In the first part of a difficult hieroglyph “key“ of sense of the word, and was hidden in the second - instruction “phonetics“, defining rules of a pronunciation. Modern Chinese contains about 5 thousand hieroglyphs that does it very difficult in studying. Though for literacy the nobility of only 2000 hieroglyphs is enough.

The syllabic letter (from Greek syllabf - `syllable`) became the following step in development of writing, in it each graphic sign designates such unit of language as “syllable“. Such system was convenient for the Japanese and Indian languages, words in them were formed from a small amount of the syllables repeating in different combinations.

And at last, bukvenno - the sound letter. In such letter each graphic sign (i.e. a letter) designates a separate standard sound. On its basis Latin, gothic, Slavic alphabets were created.

It was already much later a variety of fonts, such graceful decoration of a clean sheet of paper is thought up. By the way, paper was invented in the 2nd century B.C. in China and did it then of hemp and of silk.

It would be wrong “to bury“ in drowsiness so rich history put for centuries culture and original traditions. And maybe, sometimes it is worth writing the paper letter to those who are not present now near you, but who very much - is very dear to you, and in memory of the past to store those letters which once someone sent you …