Mountain ash - a harbinger of frosts?
Dense clusters of fruits under which weight branches were bent warn us about severe winter. At least, national signs so testify. And if not in the afternoon, then nights thirty-degree frosts please“ us - and more than once - both in December, and in January … In general kind one hundred representatives of this sort - a mountain ash - are widespread
in the northern hemisphere. In the territory of the former Soviet Union more than thirty types are known. But we will talk only about one mountain ash...
Mountain ash ordinary (Sorbus aucuparia L.) - all a familiar tree up to 20 meters high from family of pink (Rosaceae) with neparnoperisto - difficult leaves; leaflets are lantsetny. Blossoming in May - July. Fruits red or oranzhevo - red, spherical; seeds with stupid edges.
The mountain ash ordinary in forest-steppe and forest areas meets, it is frequent as an underbrush. Great practical value as further other fruit-trees moves ahead on the North has this appearance of a mountain ash. Its small bright fruits contain the same sugar, as a pear with apples, but in other ratios.
In medicine the mountain ash fruits collected to the first frosts are used. But after a promorazhivaniye they become less tart, rather tasty, rather edible (though can be stored not for long). The value of fruits increases thanks to the considerable content of pro-vitamin A. In traditional medicine also flowers and leaves, even bark (at a hypertension, other diseases it is warm - vascular system) are sometimes applied.
Fruits contain a set of useful substances: vitamins, sugar, pectins, amber and apple acids. And the percent of content of apple acid considerably exceeds its contents at apples. By the way, the content of sugar at Michurinsk hybrids of an ordinary mountain ash exceeded 12%! And the mountain ash surpasses the same apples and pears in amount of the vitamins P and C which are contained in fruits.
Probably, It should be noted the most known grade or a version - a “nevezhinsky“ mountain ash , it is so called in honor of the village of Nevezhino of the Ivanovo region. Fruits are larger and more sweet than it fruits of an ordinary mountain ash - besides, they are less tart. The Nevezhinsky mountain ash - a good example of long-term so-called national selection. The grade from the Ivanovo region differs in high productivity and frost resistance.
The main use of fruits of a mountain ash - economic, “house“ preparations: fruit liqueurs, jam, fruit jelly and a fruit candy, so-called “vitamins“ or “crude jam“ (the washed-up fruits overwound with sugar). Similar “sweet derivatives“ of a mountain ash can be prepared, without waiting for the first frosts - sugar does miracles! But (even at initial stages of a disease) such podslashchyonny product, naturally, does not suit for patients with diabetes any more.
Not for nothing Michurin paid attention to it - ability of a mountain ash to trans-species and even intergeneric crossings (with a hawthorn, a quince, a medlar, a pear and an apple-tree) opens ample opportunities for receiving such cultural forms which in severe northern conditions are capable to resolve an issue of successful gardening.
And if we started talking about Michurin, it is possible to specify that the scientist received a number of hybrids with higher in due time (than at a forest mountain ash) qualities - with larger, deprived of bitterness fruits. Let`s call a couple of the most interesting grades.
“Granatny“ - result of crossing of two species of a mountain ash ordinary and black-fruited (by the way, black-fruited - not absolutely a mountain ash).
“Michurinsk dessert“ - result of crossing of a grade “Liqueur“ with a medlar.
The house mountain ash growing in the Crimea garden, or - Sorbus domestica L differs in especially large sizes of fruits (with a diameter up to three and a half centimeters) and the royal contents of sugar (to 16%) .
Fruits of a mountain ash ordinary in fresh or in a dry form - juice of fresh fruits or infusion on dried up - are used at liver diseases (a gepatokholetsistita, hepatitis), an atoniya of intestines, PKB (pochechno - a stone illness) and MKB (an urolithic illness), hypertensions, at uterine bleedings (in the period of a climax), excessive monthly, but first of all - as polyvitaminic means for treatment of avitaminosis.
Fruits of a mountain ash possess also some the zhelchegonny, diuretic, styptic, knitting properties, promote reduction of percentage of fats in a liver and cholesterol in blood that does them by useful antiatherosclerotic and gepatoprotektorny means.
Inside accept broth from 1 tablespoon of fruits on a glass of boiled water; drink on 1 - 2 teaspoon 4 - 5 times a day before food. Or a half-glass of juice drink from fresh fruits of a mountain ash during the day for 4 - 5 receptions. If to dilute fresh juice with boiled water, the specified dose is corrected, naturally, - towards increase.
Finishing the short sketch devoted to our ordinary ryabinushka it should be noted just in case: patients with the increased coagulability of blood and tendency to thrombophlebitises ordinary are not recommended to accept preparations of a mountain ash .
… A concerning justice of a national sign (a big harvest of fruits - to frosty winter!) - we will check soon. The meteocenter speaks, frosts are possible at the beginning of October. Night frosts...