Rus Articles Journal

Blow elbow. Eremenko E. A.

Blow an elbow are the strong and dangerous weapon of near fight. It can be very unexpected and rigid, is powerfully and effectively put in the case and on extremities. The elbow - one of the most tempered shock parts at the person, is practically not blocked and irresistible. Its shattering skorostno - the power movement, soprovodimy and strengthened by movement of weight and a turn of the case, can put a bruise even to the blocking hand. It is often used at protection against takings of the opponent. The hand from situation at the head moves on a circular trajectory in the horizontal plane and carries out a side-winder to horizontal position of a fist at the level of a heteronymic shoulder. The hand from the same situation moving in the vertical plane on the ascending trajectory carries out blow from below to vertical position of a fist at the level of the shoulder of the same name, the elbow at the same time is taken out at the expense of the maximum bend of a hand in an elbow joint forward. The blow in combination with a powerful turn of the hips giving a shock impulse to all body is most effective. The technique of preparation and improvement of blow an elbow has the features that one segment is not in biomechanics of the movement of shock part - a forearm and consequently according to hand anatomy - there is no extension, and the blow is struck at the expense of a pectoral, deltoid and broadest muscle of a back.

In the real subsection will be considered the main techniques:

- the blow of the same name an elbow;

- heteronymic blow an elbow;

- kinds of blow an elbow;

- kinds of percussions is more whole than blow an elbow;

- kinds of shock parts of blow an elbow;

- application of blow an elbow in provisions of orchestra seats;

- a technique of training in blow an elbow.

But among the general principles of striking a blow by an elbow should note that they are more effective in situations of near fight in a rack and gripping situations of orchestra seats where the free movement of a body is impossible. They serve as effective protective receptions when the opponent seized you by a wrist or a forearm. Blows an elbow are effective when they are used as counterattack at a short distance. When you carry out blow an elbow, you hold shoulders most perpendicularly to soil. Create the pulse movement by a hip in the direction of blow. You hold a fist and a forearm of the beating hand is closer to itself, as far as possible. Rotate a forearm within 100 - 180 degrees for obtaining bigger striking power and amplitude of dispersal of shock part. Shoulders at the time of the beginning of blow have to be relaxed. For increase in force of blow bend an elbow completely and strain hand muscles only before blow in the purpose. As a distance at blow short, do not weaken attention at the time of blow, you look at the rival and you monitor his actions in order to avoid fast reciprocal attack.

The blow of the same name the blow Of the same name an elbow is struck with an elbow

together with the rotating moment of a humeral belt. In case of drawing the lateral blow of the same name an elbow on a forearm or the rival`s shoulder, the humeral belt rotates along a horizontal axis on a circular trajectory approximately by 90 - 110 degrees, the fist of a shock hand at the time of blow has to be in a projection of a heteronymic shoulder. Sometimes the blow of the same name is struck with an elbow from below in the case to edges, and in a successful case in a solar plexus. In this case the rotary moment of shoulders and all body is directed up - inside. In view of the fact that the blow an elbow is applicable in a situation of near fight, the main rack at the time of the beginning of blow, starting position of legs is significantly shorter, than the usual fighting rack therefore blows an elbow of the same name, practically are also put, as well as heteronymic, a difference can be only in the size of a rotary trajectory of the case and a humeral belt. The blow of the same name is applicable not only in an attack situation, it is also successfully applied at sbiva of captures.

Heteronymic blow an elbow

Heteronymic blow an elbow - blow of near fight from a short fighting rack. The blow of the same name as the beating hand is behind a body projection is put on slightly bigger trajectory, than, protecting a chin and the case and is a little further from the rival, than of the same name, exactly at a case turn size in a rack. The heteronymic blow begins with giving of a basin the fast pulse movement forward, after a basin the case moves, bearing a shoulder joint the recorded shock part - an elbow, in advance bent in an elbow joint to the maximum situation. It is especially convenient to strike blows from the heteronymic party with an elbow to the case and the top extremities, holding in taking of the rival with other hand for a neck or a shoulder. In this case its situation from start of blow, to finishing a phase - meetings of shock part with the shock purpose is controlled.

Kinds of blow elbow

of the Straight line elbow. The direct stroke an elbow in the case is struck with an elbow edge. At the beginning of the shock movement during rapprochement the elbow is exposed forward in the direction of a breast of the rival and the case all weight moves forward, striking blow with formation of the hand recorded in an elbow joint. The fist of a shock hand at striking a blow is opposite to an opposite shoulder a palm down.

Blow in the attacking rush is practically not applied, in view of the small shock amplitude and lack of the getting trajectory in the shock purpose, but with success is applicable in protective actions for a meeting and a stop of attack of the rival a rigid direct elbow to the area of a breast at the time of transition of a duel to a near distance.

Lateral elbow. The lateral blow an elbow is struck to a circular trajectory sideways with an elbow edge on the case and the top extremities, and in parterny fight and on hip muscles. The blow is struck without swing from a basic position of a hand in a fighting rack after the pulse shock movement of a basin, putting body weight in blow. The principle of transfer of body weight on an opposite leg remains: you beat left sideways - body weight on the right leg, you beat right sideways - body weight on the left leg. Lateral an elbow - one of the strongest blows a hand in a horting, has the strong getting action and high rigidity of shock part.

From below elbow. The blow from below is struck with an elbow to the ascending trajectory of the hand bent in the maximum situation in an elbow joint. At the beginning of blow the elbow of a shock hand is slightly taken away back, without tearing off a fist of a shock hand from area of a chin, then the movement of a shock shoulder forward - up strikes blow. The fist of the beating hand in a final phase of blow is located in vertical position near the ear of the same name a palm inside. The blow has quite rigid getting effect, is applied to defeat of a solar plexus from below, edges and intercostal muscles, is well put up to heart from heteronymic left situation.

From above elbow. The blow from above is applied by an elbow less often than the others in a rack, but we will often apply in orchestra seats top attacking athletes. It is put with back part of an elbow in pectoral muscles and the top edges. It is more often applied by a heteronymic hand. At striking a blow the hand in formation - a shock bend is taken aside, is got by a roundabout up in the bent state. Starting position of a shock hand is the middle of a forearm near the temple of the same name, the fist will be developed a palm inside to the head. From this situation together with a body weight investment the elbow in the shock movement falls by the shock purpose - area of a breast of the rival or a humeral muscle. The elbow beats in a straight line from top to down. It is used when falling the opponent on a floor after the carried-out throw. The blow from above to a clavicle rules of a horting is forbidden by an elbow.

Aside elbow. The blow an elbow is struck practically without swing with sharp assignment inside aside - down forearms of a shock hand to situation when the fist of a shock hand looks to the area of a heteronymic pectoral muscle, and the powerful shock movement by back part of an elbow aside. The fist of a shock hand is in a final phase of blow to a case sawn-off shotgun a palm back. The blow is struck with an elbow with simultaneous giving of body weight towards striking a blow aside. The blow is applied in a situation when the rival attacks sideways gripping actions or you were developed by side to it for striking a blow in the case.

Back elbow. The blow an elbow is struck with back part of an elbow without swing or with small swing for lengthening of a trajectory at dispersal of a shock hand for strengthening of blow back. The blow is applied in the duel moments in a rack and orchestra seats if the rival attacks capture behind for a neck suffocating reception behind, for a neck and the case for carrying out a throw from a rack, in orchestra seats in the case of the rival who took a neck, a shoulder or the case behind.

Kinds of percussions are more whole than blow an elbow

the Main shock objectives of blow an elbow in a horting duel when conducting fight in a rack are: forearm, shoulder, pectoral muscle, area of heart, edge and intercostal muscles, solar plexus, spleen.

the shock purposes of blow an elbow serve In fight of orchestra seats: pectoral muscle, area of heart, edge and intercostal muscles, solar plexus, spleen, liver, kidney, lower part of a stomach, shoulder, forearm, hip, shin.

In fight of orchestra seats blows an elbow on the forearm lying on a floor (blows across the lying bone), are forbidden a brush, foot by rules of a horting.

Kinds of shock parts of blow an elbow

Shock part - an elbow edge. This shock part of an elbow is applied at striking blows by an elbow sideways and from below, is the most rigid and getting. At striking a blow by an edge of an elbow it is obligatory to form an elbow as much as possible having bent it in an elbow joint. The fist at striking a blow is in the provision of the pro-nation (internal rotation of a forearm) and rigid fixing. The blow can be struck at the same time by an edge of an elbow and initial part of a bone of a forearm which also has good rigidity and easily prepares for transferring of big shock loadings.

Shock part - the elbow basis. This shock part is applied at blow by an elbow from above, aside, back, and with a turn. The back part of an elbow is not so rigid as an edge therefore it is necessary to pay more attention for its preparation for shock loadings. At striking a blow by back part of an elbow from above and behind a fist and a forearm it has to be developed in a provision of the pro-nation. The fist, as well as muscles of a shoulder and forearm, has to be most squeezed at the time of striking a blow. At blow aside position of a fist vertically, it is developed by a palm inside.

Application of blow an elbow in provisions of orchestra seats

In fight of orchestra seats blows are applied by an elbow in the case both in the first, and in the second round of a complex duel. In shock attack of the first round from the situation “I From Above from Legs“ it is possible direct and lateral strokes a hand in a glove in a chin and temporal part to alternate to blows an elbow on the case from above in a solar plexus and a spleen, lateral blows an elbow on the lower edges and costal muscles, forearms (forcing down protection) and shoulders. Being in the situation “Standing behind Legs Lying on a Back“ having made capture of a leg the hand of the same name and taking her aside for transition to deduction or the shock situation “I From Above“ it is possible to strike at the same time lateral blows in femoral muscles.

Technique of training in blow elbow

Work by air in front of the mirror. Become in front of the mirror in a left-side fighting rack in the direction of reflection. Begin to strike the blows of the same name with an elbow to the imaginary opponent: sideways and from below. Alternation of these blows will give you the chance to feel change the direction of application of force and transfer of body weight, its movement in a shock impulse on a forward leg. At lateral blow an elbow at assignment of the left elbow aside - the case and a humeral belt rotate clockwise with a case bias to the left, and at striking a blow, a shock design of all body, the case and a humeral belt rotate clockwise around a vertical axis with an amplitude about 100 - 180 degrees. At striking a blow from below pretonic position of the left hand of the same name is carried out by small assignment of an elbow back, leaving a fist of a shock hand near a chin, the case and shoulders being also developed do a bias to the left then the blow is struck to the ascending trajectory forward - up, rising shock part (an elbow edge) in the vertical plane with an amplitude about 160 - 180 degrees. The free hand at the same time is in readiness position near the head, closing a fist a chin, and an elbow and a forearm the case in front - sideways. Working off of the blows of the same name exercise with different trajectories (sideways - from below) can be carried out under the account of the partner or individually. After working off of elements in a left-side rack it is possible to replace a rack and too exercise to execute in a right-hand rack, considering all elements of movement of body weight and the shock moment, watching in a mirror movement performance.

Then should pass to imitation of the same name and heteronymic blow with an elbow from above. In a fighting rack relax shoulders, begin to do blows by an elbow from above at first slowly, then gradually accelerate blow. At working off of blow an elbow from above, the pretonic condition of a hand is weakened, legs have the center of gravity a little above, than the provision of a fighting rack, and in a final phase of blow from above the hand for some moment fixes static situation during the moment of contact with the shock purpose, and legs the elastic movement lower the center of gravity a little below than its situation in a fighting rack, adding the weight of all body to the weight of a shock hand. The blow aside and blow back an elbow which is struck with back part of an elbow needs to be seen also well in reflection of a mirror, try to strike at first blows aside in turn: of the same name - heteronymic, then of the same name aside - of the same name back, heteronymic aside - heteronymic back, in this case you feel change of the direction of blow in the same way, as at working off as one hand of blow an elbow sideways - an elbow from below, only in the return projection. When performing exercise aside - it is necessary to be developed to a mirror back by a back that final position of a shock hand at blow was visible an elbow back.

the Imitating movements with blows an elbow needs to be carried out also in various movements: reduction and a rupture of a distance, approach and withdrawal, a step forward and a step backwards, and also when changing a rack on the place.

Shadow-fighting with blows an elbow. Having fulfilled blows an elbow by air in front of the mirror it is possible to pass to more intensive training exercise - shadow-fighting, imitating exercise with striking blows on the imaginary opponent which is applied to training of special endurance and speed of blows. It is necessary to fulfill on - raundovo the following complexes:

- all round to strike only lateral blows with an elbow in free movement;

- all round to strike only blows with an elbow from below in free movement;

- all round to strike only blows with an elbow, without applying punches, in free movement;

- working off of blows an elbow with their inclusion in shock combinations with straight lines, lateral and blows from below a fist.

Having tried the above-stated methodical recommendations about carrying out imitation of blows an elbow try to change accent of a series of blows in shadow-fighting, applying the following combinations of blows (an example of work in a left-side rack):

- left a straight line - right lateral an elbow (accent);

- right a straight line - left lateral an elbow (accent);

- left, right a straight line - right lateral an elbow (accent);

- left a straight line - right from below an elbow (accent);

- left, right a straight line - right from below an elbow (accent);

- left, right from below - left, right lateral an elbow (accent).

needs to fulfill after that the accented blow an elbow in the middle of a shock series:

- left a straight line - right lateral an elbow (accent) - left, right a straight line;

- left, left a straight line - right an elbow from above (accent) - left, right a straight line;

- left, right from below - left, right an elbow sideways (accent) - left, right a straight line.

All combinations which are specified can be changed and picked up individually under themselves, under the constitution of a body.

Work with burdenings. To burdening in improvement of blows the elbow applies thosee small dumbbells, as during the work on shock equipment of hands as fists.

Having taken in hand small dumbbells of 300 - 500 grams, and for heavy weight categories of 1 kg, you can begin working off of blows with an elbow. Repeated repetitions of side-winders, from below, from above, aside, back an elbow with dumbbells in hands well train as the correct trajectory of striking blows, and develop shock muscles of a humeral belt, a pectoral muscle, the broadest muscle of a back, strengthen a shoulder joint, promote strengthening and development of all parts of a body and the components participating in striking blows.

Work on a vertical and inclined heavy bag. For statement of blow an elbow sideways, aside and it is convenient to use a heavy semifixed vertical bag back. Approach a bag, accept a left-side fighting rack, put an elbow on a bag in a final provision of a side-winder in a breast. The forearm and a shoulder have to be at the same time in one horizontal plane. Nudge from this situation a bag the weight of your body, and put emphasis on a bag shock part of an elbow. This that position of a hand and the case who needs to be stood at striking a blow by an elbow sideways. Try to strike blows of average force with the left (of the same name) and right (heteronymic) elbow sideways to a bag. When drawing, the elbow has to make (to beat out) small deepening in which you begin to strike blows, increasing their force, thanks to rotary effect of the case and a humeral belt, and also striking a blow speed.

Having done exercise on 30 - 40 times from each party, become to a bag a side and begin to strike blows from yourself in stomach level aside, having acquired in the same way on a bag deepening for mitigation of blow of an elbow to a bag. Give the case at blow towards the direction of blow, strengthening thus shock action by movement of body weight.

Having repeated exercise by both hands, be developed to a bag by a back and you strike blow with an elbow back serially at first the left, then right hand. At striking a blow it is necessary to consider back that the heteronymic hand is in a rack behind of the same name, therefore amplitude swing for blow an elbow can be longer back, and it is more convenient to execute it, so and the blow an elbow back a heteronymic hand will be stronger, than of the same name at the expense of the getting physical action (the bringing of shock part is farther).

Blows an elbow from below and from above can be fulfilled on a vertical bag, but more convenient and more effective to put them on an inclined bag. Place a bag with an inclination at an angle of 40 - 45 degrees. Approach a bag sideways so that the place of the top fastening corresponded to a forward hand of the same name. In a left-side rack the bag will be located directly before you on diagonal from left to right down. Put an elbow of the left hand on a bag in blow position an elbow from below, its shock part opposite to your breast. Try to strike blows with the left elbow from below gradually increasing force and speed. Make

most on a bag the right elbow from above too, having chosen the situation convenient for working off of blow as an elbow from above. You strike from above to an inclined bag blows with an elbow putting body weight in blow. It is not necessary to leave for a long time an elbow on a bag in the final provision of blow, after the accented blow a heteronymic hand return it in a starting position of readiness for the head and the case, coming back to a fighting rack.

Work on paws and pillows. At working off of blows on paws and pillows, unlike work on a bag, you need to watch constantly correctness of selection of a distance for striking a blow, and also to quickly choose blow option. The partner who derdit to you paws or pillows constantly changes a position, levels of attacks, the plane of placement of shells. If it places a shell vertically - beat with an elbow sideways if the partner puts a shell under an inclination down - beat with an elbow from below if under an inclination from you - you strike blow with an elbow from above. Combinations of blows need to be mixed with main blows hands: direct, lateral, from below. During the work on paws it is expedient to use such mixed combinations at striking blows on two paws serially:

- left a straight line - right lateral an elbow;

- left a straight line - right an elbow from below;

- left a straight line - right an elbow from above;

- right direct (heteronymic) - left of the same name lateral an elbow;

- right direct (heteronymic) - left of the same name an elbow from below;

- right direct (heteronymic) - left of the same name an elbow sideways;

- left direct, right lateral - left of the same name lateral an elbow;

- left direct, right lateral - right heteronymic lateral an elbow;

- left direct, right lateral - left lateral, left lateral an elbow.

Options of fighting combinations with use of blows an elbow needs to be tested at first at small speed, then increasing the speed of movements and striking blows. All work on paws and pillows is followed by work of a basin and the case, movements near and even around the partner holding shells. The look at the same time should not be lowered or taken aside, it is necessary to control constantly your mutually situation in relation to the partner and if he tries to take out a paw for drawing blow to you, it is necessary to react quickly with a bias of the case or a dive under the striking hand, to find possible option of leaving from blow then when the partner shows the purposes, it is necessary to gather a convenient distance for striking a blow or a series of blows, to execute shock attack without missing and hurrying, and to pick up the greatest possible speed of movement and choice of a launching doudarny site which will allow precisely and strongly to strike you blows in both paws or pillows with the left and right hand.

Educational duels. Carrying out educational duels with the partner in working off of blows an elbow, it is necessary to pick up the partner of your growth. Conducting an educational battle with blows an elbow it is necessary to abstain from strong blows and sharp movements, all of them it is equal to you will not give the necessary training effect, striking blows with an elbow, choose the purpose - opened the unprotected place on a body of the partner and slowly bring blow to a final phase, it in turn has to give you the chance it to make, without vanity and without leaving a situation, and opposite, having substituted the case to give the chance to feel the correct provision and a trajectory of striking a blow. Easy blows elbows each other will give effect not only working off of shock actions, but also training and stuffing of the case and extremities, those shock points to which it is authorized to strike blows in a competitive duel. Using movements, waste, approaches, ukhoda from the line of attack, you train reaction and a vestibular mechanism that is important in real fight.

“ Encyclopedia of a horting“

Eduard Eremenko

© 2010.