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Kinds of formations and technique of strengthening of percussions and the blocking parts of hands of

1. The general methodical principles of preparation with great dispatch - the blocking parts of a body.

The shock and protective blocking actions in a horting assume rigid contact of surfaces of a body of the rivals who are carrying out an uncompromising duel. The success of the carried-out shock attacks and protection, and the main thing confidence in performance of productive actions in any situation of a duel depends on preliminary preparation of parts of a body and shock surfaces of which the main loading in contact is the share.

Degree of damage of shock action and its striking ability on the chosen purpose (any attacked part of a body) depends on several equally important components:

- the developed power at blow (force and speed);

- a surprise factor (the rival is not ready to reflection or acceptance of blow);

- the areas of contact of the striking part of a body with the attacked purpose (if to take physics, then this pressure - is measured in the kilograms divided into square centimeter of a body);

- rigidity of all shock mechanism (tension of all body at the time of blow, both the case, and shock part of a hand or a leg);

- depths of penetration of blow (elasticity and the hardness of the affected part of the body);

- quantities of the struck blows in one and too the place and time of contact of shock part with the attacked purpose, and other natural factors.

can call Blow in a horting - interaction of two bodies at which there are big indicators of power of efforts in a small period. Shock technical action of the fighter - contact of shock part of a body with the hit target. The main objective of such action - at rigid contact to strike the struck surface. Hortista when carrying out diversified rounds apply various parts of a body as the defeat weapon. In the first round it is very important to be able to strike blows with hands in gloves, and already in the second round the task changes radically, and the athlete needs to be able to strike blows with a naked hand in the case and at the same time when changing a situation of fight to do captures and throws. In fight of a horting when carrying out shock attacks hands, elbows, a foot and knees of legs are more used. The name of a shock point is carried by that their part which betrays a blow impulse in a zone of damage of a body of the opponent. Depending on use of equipment (attack or protection), it is called as the protective or attacking shock zone. All shock zones are as attacking, and are used for protection.

In a horting shock zones prepare in advance. Use of this or that part of a body as the tool for striking a blow in such type of sports competitions as a horting, without preliminary training and training can lead to serious damages. It is necessary to temper shock zones, to learn correctly to form shock parts of extremities, to strengthen joints of hands and legs. This special preparation of a hortist is obligatory and is carried out gradually and constantly by each athlete independently as to the trainer visually to check readiness of shock parts of the pupil completely very difficult.

In practice of horting duels it is not always possible to leave from blow or to execute the block. Sometimes it is necessary to accept blow, often unexpected and powerful. There is a task as much as possible to lower negative effect of defeat of the passed blows. Unprepared shins and forearms are easily injured both at striking blows, and at statement of blocks. The fist, unprepared for blows, at blow is injured, fingers are beaten out, there are hematomas and bursita on shock joints. To avoid undesirable consequences and unnecessary injuries, it is necessary to strengthen all parts of a body which it is possible. The set of injuries is connected with damages to area of disteel department of the top extremities: fingers, pyastno - phalanx joints, a luchezapyastny joint, is more rare than elbow and humeral joints. These are those parts which as much as possible participate in contact with the attacked purpose. On nature of getting injured and damage are stretchings and ruptures of ligaments of joints, fractures of phalanxes, periostita of a back surface of pyastny bones. Training of these parts - direct avoidance of traumatism. As practice shows - any insignificant trauma of shock part of a hand or leg significantly reduces efficiency of attacks and the athlete`s blocks, and in case of an aggravation or transition to a chronic form breaks a training cycle.

the Most part of protective operations in a horting is performed by forearms and shins. Means it is necessary to watch constantly their working condition and to strengthen them additional exercises. Forearms become stronger and jam quickly enough in educational low-contact duels, and shins need to be tempered carefully and carefully. Human life passes not only in the gym, and the shin is a part of a leg, body of movement of the person, it is necessary not only to strengthen a shin, but also to keep it for further life. Certainly, in educational duels with use of protective protectors of a shin jam too, the periosteum is thickened, and legs of the fighter cease to react to blows so painfully. What

criterion of definition of preparation of shock part? If you gather the high shock power, sufficient speed with which the shock part of an extremity pierces in the attacked purpose, that is you reached confidence in blow, and the shock extremity did not sustain damage, so you prepared shock part and struck correctly.

For achievement of productive shock attack of the wrong blows does not exist. If you strike blows more powerfully and more precisely than the rival, your preparation means provides you advantage and if not to make technical mistakes, then it is possible to bring duels to a victory. Not to waste in force duel excess tension, the hand or a leg should not strain ahead of time, for this purpose it is always necessary to represent the purpose and to punch not on a surface of a body of the rival, and in a body, and on condition of an opportunity not to lose balance and balance of own body, to try to beat with a bringing (as if, through). Speed of the movement of shock part and accuracy of hit is more important, than physical force. The movement of shock parts in relation to the horizontal and vertical planes often does not coincide with perpendiculars. Angles of attack of hands and legs can be any and fluctuate within an udobnost of launching sites at the beginning of attack. In a duel not to be traumatized, it is necessary to use only those blows which are already fulfilled on training occupations or which are given you by nature - crowns. Means it is necessary not only to own and feel well all body and to have control over provisions of extremities and and to train them resistance to shock loadings that muscles, skin and bones became strong, firm, flexible, mobile and strong. Trainings of shock parts of a body have to go with the accruing loading, to be regular to go from soft to firm, from a lung to heavy, from the general - to details, with study of each segment of shock part. Training shells and a technique of occupations are selected individually, proceeding from features of an organism and level of preparation. Special shells can be applied to strengthening of shock surfaces of hands and legs: bags with sand, the logs located under different corners, rubber sheets, fabric windings and many others.

At the person exists a huge set of zones of defeat on a body a naked hand, but only by sufficient preparation of shock parts perhaps destroying influence without getting injured. Stuffings, setups, static standings on shock surfaces are most ancient techniques which were used in many systems of training of soldiers of antiquity. Many of them show and explains a positive effect and good results at occupations in habitat, outdoors, striking blows to the earth, sand on the beach, to live trees in the wood, to water, the lomaniye of dry branches, dissecting of stones and is a lot of similar natural ways. For strengthening and restoration when receiving microinjuries the ointments, balms, compresses and warmings up intended and tested in practice of stuffing of shock parts are used.

Very important point for the fortress of segments of shock parts is a good good nutrition, receiving with food of the making components which strengthen a bone. The composition of mineral salts, calcium, vitamins is also important.

Iron and proteinaceous food are necessary for strengthening of a body, for creation

of the muscular shock device that gives big advantage before the fighter who does not have strong muscles. Shock rigidity plays a major role at blow when all body is most strained and has to transfer to the opponent a shock impulse. It is the share of the last, final phase of blow, with the subsequent relaxation. That the blow turned out rigid, strain shock part, that is form foot or clench a fist at blow at the latest moment before its contact with the attacked purpose and punch as if through the purpose, but not on a surface. The aiming mark at the same time has to be farther in a body of the rival of about 10 - 15 cm on a blow trajectory. Rigidity at contact with the struck surface means to manage to pass instantly from most weakened state into the most intense. The maximum rigidity in blow is defined by transition speed from a starting state when the fighter is most relaxed, in a common ground on purpose where it is most intense. Ability quickly and as much as possible to strain shock part of a body at the time of a meeting with the purpose is one of the main conditions of prevention of injuries at striking blows. Each athlete has to try to obtain in it confidence and not disregard on each training occupation.

For obtaining such skill each athlete has to begin to practice dissectings of objects. Boards, stones, sticks and many other can be such objects, main that everyone learned to select to himself such objects independently. At the initial stage it is necessary to select so that dissecting was possible, but for this purpose it would be necessary to form shock part really. Bone of the person in itself firm, but ability to form a joint with which you strike blow, is acquired, unfortunately, a trial and error method because it individually. The nature created to you only your joint, and will not give similar to nobody else, means you have to learn them safely for you to beat and to learn to protect it in a duel. This training is elementary prevention of traumatism of shock parts at occupations by a horting. At intensive training loads blows become strong, and it is possible to get in the second round a naked hand in fight of a horting both into an elbow and into a coxofemoral bone, but at the same time your extremity has to keep a fighting state. Unplanned impact with a rigid bone should not influence the fortress of shock part of a body because having been traumatized, the athlete disseminates attention from conducting fight, and focuses it on preservation of the injured segment, overcoming a pain threshold even by effort of will aspiring to a victory over the rival.

Seeking to punch the rival and to receive an assessment in the second round of a horting it is necessary to try to strike with a naked hand blows in soft fabrics, rigid at the same time pressing down that to avoid injuries. But knowing danger of collision of shock part of a hand in a rigid bone of the rival it is necessary to strengthen shock part of a fist, and also joints in advance. Before cutting with a sword, it needs to be ground. Before battling hands they need to be prepared. For this purpose it is necessary to learn to strike blows to firm objects with a moderate force. Besides blows other way of strengthening of shock surfaces is hands and legs in various firm objects also is a massage by a round wooden stick. Such exercises are called a nakatka, and for them it is possible to use in advance prepared ground round stick in the diameter of 30 - 50 mm and long 50 cm that there was enough length for rolling at the same time on two shins in parallel the standing legs. The small and short stick can also be made and rolled legs on a floor, between palms, hands by the necessary parts of a body. It is so possible to strengthen an edge and a small pillow of foot, a shin, a forearm, an edge and the basis of palms. Unlike tamping, exercises with a nakatka of percussions and the blocking parts are very useful to health, improve blood circulation and bodies remove excess stress. Even the most small children can do them. To raise the attacking opportunities, on the course of an educational duel with small speeds it is possible to change flexibly a shape of a hand and a shock point, having struck with joints of fingers, to quickly squeeze a hand in a fist and to strike the following blow. It is necessary to train alternate blows of various form, closely following one by one. In such duels it is possible to strengthen fingers, carrying out various frequent game captures for the rival`s wrists. In stuffing of shock parts there is a principle - not to do much harm. Therefore it is necessary not to allow excessive loadings, pain, the smallest injuries. After such occupations of part it is possible to grease with nutritious hand cream, to do massage of each joint participating in shock work. Preparation is carried out - gradually. The purpose of exercises - it is correct to create a shock surface, to accustom her to painful influence, to learn to react less to pain after rigid collision.

the General recommendations for strengthening with great dispatch - the blocking surfaces:

1. It is necessary to be engaged in shock joints every day. To do easy percussions hand in hand, to watch a condition of forearms and elbows.

2. Before each occupation to do good warm-up.

3. Not to give shock loading to joints which are slightly injured.

4. Constantly at each training to do push-ups in an emphasis lying on fingers. The number of fingers at the same time can be reduced and combined.

5. To work on formation of the correct shape of a fist, elbow, foot, a knee. Correctly created shock part - is less probability of a trauma at rigid collision. For this purpose it is necessary to do push-ups on various surfaces of a fist of an emphasis lying, to go on a floor on foot edges, to stand on elbows, to go on a soft covering on a lap, etc. of

6. To carry out gradual stuffing of hands and legs on bags with sand, on other nonrigid surfaces.

7. To use nakatka roundish sticks on forearms and shins.

8. To use educational duels with small speeds for mutual stuffing by partners of the percussions and the blocking parts (one easily beats, the second easily blocks).

9. By successful preparation to strengthen shock loadings, to go from lungs to more hard blows. It is necessary to work, commensurating forces, it is impossible to train randomly, different parts of a body to train in turn.

10. To train ability of extremities to bear blows. For this purpose it is possible to hit with a small stick or a board on joints of hands, a forearm, an elbow etc. of

11. In training of shock parts there are no general restrictions therefore training partners need to set their own restrictions which are convenient for everyone. Instructors and the senior pupils have to watch that trainings were carried out with observance of sanitary standards and standards of safety.

12. To carry out blows in extremities to increase durability of an integument, muscles of extremities, their ability to resist to blows. Trainings with use of these exercises can be carried out taking into account individual requirements, to choose separate trainings for hands and for legs, to consistently fulfill blows on top, then on the lower extremities. During trainings it is necessary to go from easy blows to heavy, to closely coordinate striking blows to the correct breath, to concentrate attention on the places which are exposed to blows.

13. Strike strong areas as rigidly as the strong area can resist to it. Therefore muscles can be trained to continuous increase in shock training. Strike rigid places so that not to damage the soft places which are nearby. Be not constantly intense, but apply focusing, when necessary.

Technique of trainings:

- at blows in the lower extremities it is necessary to sit down on both legs, to accept blows soft places, to watch the center of gravity and balance. Muscles of legs when receiving blow strain, at a pause - relax.

- at striking blows on the top extremities, blows are struck to outer side from top to down, then is consecutive on inside from top to down. When blows reach joints or bones, it is necessary to watch passing these places accurately and with a smaller force of blows.

of the Requirement to trainings:

- during striking blows by a wooden stick on extremities should combine them with emergence of internal effort, tension and relaxation of muscles, to concentrate attention on the places accepting blows. The beginning athlete can wrap up a stick fabric, go from easy blows to heavy. The most important in striking blows is need to concentrate them on internal and outer side of a hand from an elbow to a brush, outer side of a hand from a shoulder to an elbow to both internal and outer side of a hip and shin.

Training of percussions and the blocking parts of a body is useful addition to training in a horting. It gives the chance to athletes to strengthen their blows in a duel, to strengthen their natural weapon. The athlete thus ceases to be afraid to strike strong blows, to be put completely in the movement. Even in everyday life it will help to avoid multiple injuries in life. Strong and strong extremities are less subject to injuries, but preparation them demands competent methodical approach.

§ 2. Kinds of formations and a technique of strengthening of percussions and the blocking parts of hands.

1. Fist.

In the second round of a horting athletes compete barehanded. Here they have an opportunity to open all the technical arsenal of the fighter. By nature the hand is a body which is intended for a hvataniye. It is natural that more natural actions of a hand gripping and tightening. But correctly prepared blow the hand created in a fist, this strong weapon. But the shortcoming is that there is a risk to injure joints of fingers of hands at blow if the fist is incorrectly created. Joints cannot sustain collision with an elbow or a shin, the luchezapyastny joint is also subject to risk and the athlete can get dislocation. For this purpose there is a technique of preparation of a fist for striking blows. One of the basic principles - the correct formation.

Formation of a fist.

1. Straighten fingers of a hand and take a thumb aside.

2. Densely press to each other four fingers of a hand and bend them in average joints.

3. Press fingers to a palm surface. Finger-tips have to concern their bases. Check a bend angle of radical phalanxes of fingers - it has to form a right angle of 90 degrees, the corner a phalanx of a little finger and a ring finger can be less.

4. Press a radical joint of a thumb to forward a forefinger phalanx.

5. Press forward thumb phalanxes to average phalanxes of index and average fingers.

6. Strain all fingers in a fist, squeeze them in the uniform weapon for blow. Rigidity of the clenched fist in many respects depends on density of a clip of a little finger and a thumb. It defines its integrity.

7. Close the created hand fist in a carpal joint in a hand, so that the outer side of a forearm and the back of a fist were in one direct plane.

Having satisfied these conditions the fist is created correctly.

At this stage should define position of a fist at blows. Shock load at striking a blow of a brush very big therefore weak compression of a hand in a fist or the wrong striking a blow leads to bruises of a brush and sprains. In most cases athletes injure a brush at the beginning of the sports activity, and most often at the beginning of the second round when after work in a glove in the first round, the hand remains naked and is not recorded by bandage, owing to the wrong position of a fist at the time of blow or blows in firm parts of a body of the opponent - in an elbow, a shoulder, a coxofemoral bone. Pyastny bones of which all weight of blow is the share are under rigid pressure at blow. Depreciation function of shock part on a brush is carried out by proximal - the main phalanxes of fingers which affects with

at blow cross pressure. The fist should not be intense at the initial

moment of its movement, only before the blow it is strong squeezed. At

continuous tightening of a fist the preparatory movements of hands are at a loss,

get tired forearm muscles, and the athlete at the end of fight will not be able to squeeze a brush

rather strongly any more, being tired. The major quality of the trained fighter is the feeling of blow connected with perception of speed and the accounting of the moment of contact of a fist on purpose.

Widespread mistakes:

1. The thumb is not pressurized in a forward phalanx of a forefinger, and remains sideways a fist. It leads to frequent knocking-out of a thumb, his constant dislocation in a radical joint.

2. The thumb is imposed too far to a phalanx of a ring finger. It leads to weakening of compression of a fist and excessive tension of muscles of a shoulder and hand, the wrong formation of all shock part in a carpal joint.

3. Fingers leaky nestle on a palm. As a result the corner between back part of a brush and phalanxes becomes more than 90 degrees that at blow leads to injuries of average joints of fingers of a hand.

If a fist is difficult incorrectly and between fingers there is at least an insignificant gleam, then the fist will be weakened and the blow will turn out less rigid. At the time of blow the forearm and back part of a brush have to form a straight line, fist tension as much as possible only at a final phase of blow - to direct collision with the purpose.

The forward part of a fist (bones of fingers in front)

Is the most often applied shock part of a hand. It is usually applied when drawing a direct stroke by a fist, lateral blows, blows from below. The blow is struck with the top radical joints of index and average fingers. At the same time the back part of a brush and a phalanx of the fingers squeezed in a fist have to be at right angle to each other.

The lower part of a fist (average phalanxes of fingers) This part of a fist is applied by

to blows to the case sideways, on edges. The blow is struck with average phalanxes of fingers of densely squeezed hand in a fist. It is necessary to watch not to hold up a hand thumb under blow.

Lateral part of a fist (a fist edge) of

This part of a fist is least subject to injuries because it is protected by a strong sinew and a muscle. It can be used both for attack, and for blocking. The fist in this case is formed by the general principle. It is necessary to watch that the little finger of a hand was densely built in a fist and it was pressed that will allow to give the fortress of shock part. Blows can be struck to edges, to oblique muscles of a stomach, a liver, kidneys, shoulders, hips. To block this part most safely and rigidly. It is possible to use often blocks against blow of a leg, without being afraid of collision with the rival`s shin.

The top part of a fist from a thumb

Part of a fist from a thumb blows and blocks can be carried out as addition in a duel situation convenient for this purpose because this part is most traumatic in a thumb joint. For this purpose it is necessary to prepare shock part carefully. Often applicable blows in a horting this shock zone - by back part of the case in case of dense mutual capture in the second round, where fight without glove.

The back part of a fist (the turned fist) of

At blow is used by back part of a fist the back of a brush and a top of joints of index and average fingers. The blow is struck with the fast biting swing movement of a forearm which begins from a shoulder. All case participates in blow, sending a power impulse in the direction of the blow purpose. In the fighting section of a horting blows can be struck to a nose bridge, in a chin sideways, by temporal part. In sports competitions in a horting blows can be struck with this part to forearms, shoulders, to costal areas of the case. At the correct technique and regular trainings the blow this part is acquired unusually strong and fast. Danger at striking a blow - a bruise of pyastny bones from the fist back.

Technique of strengthening of a fist.

In order that there was strong a fist, it is necessary to make strong fingers, a basis of a fist are the densely squeezed fingers in strong formation. For this purpose it is necessary to carry out constantly push-ups on fingers. If in an emphasis lying to stand on fingers and socks a foot hard, it is possible to be kneeling also fingers. It is also possible to lean on strongly divorced a foot and fingers. It is possible not to be wrung out, and just to stand, but loading for strengthening of fingers should be given. It is necessary to try to finish the number of push-ups on fingers to fingers of 30 - 40 times, it is average preparation by which punches can be considered more or less safe for fingers. As soon as you reach it, can consider that your fingers are rather prepared. The fist has to be densely clenched, fingers are strained, the wrist is straightened.

Then exercises with blows to a bag with sand which accustom to hold a wrist shock loading follow and increase the getting blow force. Very important to strike blows to a bag with fingers.

Under natural conditions outdoors or on the beach can temper fingers, striking blows in sand, to the earth, to a grass. To do the sticking movements in sand, to carry out repeated repetition of the pricking blows fingers to the earth, trees, various firm objects.

In order to avoid traumatism of hands and legs it is necessary to strengthen systematically shock places according to the following scheme:

1. The first year of training - in the international sports program of a horting is the first student`s level, 1, 2, 3 rank.

the Recommended exercises: Bending and extension of hands in an emphasis lying on fists, fingers, palms, wrists. Pushing away by five, four, three, two fingers of the direct case from a wall. Immersion of fingers in sand, grain or peas. Run on a carpet, and then on a floor on a lap, edges a foot, socks, heels. Standing on shock parts on time (everyone can note time to himself, having arranged a watch in the face of).

2. The second year of training - in the international sports program of a horting is the second student`s level, 4, 5, 6 rank.

the Recommended exercises: To strengthen shock parts in blows on shells (a heavy leather bag, bags with sand, wooden logs, stationary wall and floor dummies. Push-ups on four, three, two, one finger. Exercises with a carpal expander which is always with you (you can be engaged with an expander in life and in breaks at work, study etc.) The special attention should be paid to big and index fingers which are the main shock surfaces. On the value the middle finger approaches them. The ring finger and a little finger bear support functions at blows. Big, index and average fingers are the main shock parts of a hand.

Important exercise - standing on a floor on radical phalanxes of an index and middle finger, is part of which the main effort at blow is the share. To make it firm, it is the best of all to carry out a long rack on fists, being slightly rolled on fists during a rack. It is necessary to stand and be wrung out as on two stones of index and average fingers, and on stones of an average, anonymous and a little finger. As a result on your fist the firm callosity, a thickening of slightly horny skin can be formed. At the same time joints as if slightly increase in sizes. This normal state of joints, after trainings. So the organism adapts for transferring of loading in this place. The joint has to be able to take out big pressure. At the wrong increase in a dose of load of joints or at too strong stuffing at hit on a rigid surface plusnevy stones of an unprepared fist are easily injured. It is possible to alternate standing and push-up, it is possible to be wrung out on fists serially, two times on forward two stones of index and average fingers, were rolled on three stones, two push-ups, then on lobbies of two and so serially again. It is possible to do at first exercises on a soft surface - on a carpet at himself in the room, having gradually passed to a wooden surface - to pass from a carpet to a floor. It is also necessary to prepare shock surfaces of the turned fist - its back part. The bag with sand, blows to the earth outdoors will be suitable for trainings.

Speeding up of process of training of shock parts can lead excessive increase in pressure upon shock parts to emergence of excessive ogrubelost, callosities, sensitivity losses. Strengthening of shock parts takes place very gradually, and the organism is not capable to give strong joints and a dense shock surface at once.

for this purpose needs to be stopped in case of fatigue of joints for a while stuffing, to give the chance to be restored to joints. It is possible to pass to circulation on shock parts of a body - to go leaning on various shock parts and shapes of hands and legs. This exercise is very important for training of shock parts, and it is desirable to pay it as much as possible attention, without allowing at the same time formation of callosities and outgrowths. Strengthening joints, muscles and sinews, accustoming the fighter to the dosed tension of shock forms and their correct statement on area of a floor, these exercises train the beginning athlete for more difficult stages. The shock part of a body becomes stronger these exercises as if from within, without distorting a shape of joints and without necrosis of fabrics that in a consequence helps to avoid complications from - for injuries when dissecting various objects. It is necessary to begin and finish exercises of strengthening of shock parts with a light massage - a razminaniye of joints, grinding and stroking. Massage and a razminaniye of pyastny bones and stones of a fist on which stood, it is necessary to restore normal blood circulation and a tone of muscles. If as a result of shock exercises integrity of skin is broken, then it is necessary to stop giving load of this area, to heal skin, and during restoration - to transfer attention to preparation of other shock parts or to carry out push-ups on fingers, standings on elbows - the exercises which are not connected with pressure upon the injured areas.

For a full integrated approach to strengthening of blow in a horting it is accepted to consider not only preparation of shock parts, and also preparation of all parts of a body participating in blow - the general shock design of a body of the fighter.

By preparation of shock surfaces of a fist, at their stuffing radical phalanxes of index and average fingers jam. Stuffing of radical phalanxes of a little finger

and a ring finger has to be carried out very moderately, there the nerve ganglions of the person influencing health and the general state are located

. Filling these parts it is not necessary to be put in blow, a task to temper them, gradually strengthening and accelerating blows.

in case of microinjuries it is necessary to be more attentive, on places of stuffing hypostases are formed, as from a burn, and in this case stuffing needs to be stopped in which case to damage hypostases and grazes, to wait for full healing.

the Appeared blister can be pierced a needle, previously having moistened it with alcohol. It will accelerate healing and on the place of a blister the callosity which remains

a long time is formed. It does not prevent further work on preparation of shock parts.

in case of a bursit - inflammations of an articulate bag, it is necessary to stop completely occupations, to show a trauma to the trainer and to consult to the doctor. Bursit this consequence of blow, a bruise, trauma of articulate or cartilaginous tissue. Nerve ganglions are between joints of a little finger and a ring finger. It also happens at blow in rigid part of a body of the rival, a podvzdoshny bone of a coxofemoral joint, an elbow, a shin etc. and in this case the unprepared fist will be injured.

to increase force of blow and fortress of a fist is necessary that the hand worked powerfully and sharply. For this purpose it is possible to use small dumbbells of 0,5 kg. Train bending and straightening of hands in a forward direction - back at the level of a chin having taken these dumbbells in hand. Then sharply push dumbbells directly forward and quickly return back them. Exercise repeats repeatedly. You watch that the fingers holding dumbbells with a force were squeezed, the strong and firm fist thereby trains. Besides the correct formation of a fist and lack of a corner in a wrist, for prevention of injuries it is necessary still to be able to apply a teypovy bandage correctly. The bandage when training will help to control degree of pressure upon a joint at striking blows. Rigidity of blow depends on extent of compression of a fist. Therefore at contact of a hand on purpose the fist in a glove has to be most clenched (in the first round of a horting), and without glove in the second round - especially. For strengthening of this effect athletes have to develop hands. There are many devices for this purpose (expanders, silomer, tires, balls) which develop and strengthen extent of compression of a fist. Each athlete in process of experience accumulation gradually itself chooses for himself the most suitable exercises for strengthening of shock surfaces of a fist.

2. Palm.

The open palm is always ready not only to blow, but also to capture. In the second round of a horting not only the brush squeezed in a fist, but also an open palm is used. Fingers are slightly bent inside that the palm strained. It is generally applied in protection to blocking of blows, it is also applied to striking blows. Also as well as a leg heel, the basis of a palm it is capable to bear strong blows about a firm surface. At first the athlete can try to beat with the palm basis a bag with sand, then it is possible to pass even to a rigid concrete surface. When falling people uses a palm leaning on its basis not incidentally, it is by nature adapted for depreciation and control of safety at collision with rigid surfaces. Lack of subconscious fear to injure a hand does blow resolute and cruel. It is necessary for this purpose to learn to form correctly a palm, to prepare shock parts of a palm for shock loading, to work over blow a palm on bags with sand, wooden logs, boards, and also a body of the person, carrying out educational stuffing duels. At the correct formation of a palm fingers need to be drawn in in a palm, otherwise threat of traumatic damages increases. The open hand is used for blows at a short distance. Blows in a sports duel in the second round of a horting can be struck to shoulders, to edges, in a breast, a stomach, to legs. It is very convenient to strike blows holding the case with the second hand, holding the rival`s hand, having dense capture for the head. Actions by a hand lean mainly on a wrist. The wrist helps a hand with performance of various receptions. If the wrist is relaxed, the fist is powerless if it not flexibly, and the fist is slow. A wrist it is possible to beat, take, press, push away, to press and apply all other actions accepted for

of a contact duel. Except force and rigidity it is necessary to train flexibility of a wrist in order that it was capable to transfer strong effort. For this purpose it is possible to apply exercises to development of a wrist: to strike with a wrist blows to a bag with sand, to do exercises with weights on bending - extension of a wrist, push-up from a floor, and also exercises on flexibility and speed of transition from one shape of a hand to another, to carry out hung on a crossbeam for a while, in habitat outdoors to be engaged in throwings of stones of different thickness and weight, to twist the sticks taken in capture and branches of trees, to rotate metal rods in a wrist, to throw and catch stones of rounded shape of average weight and to gradually increase the weight of stones, to push away serially left and right hand stones of various forms and weight, in a gym to carry out to a lasagna on a gymnastic rope, exercises on bars and a crossbeam, circulation and a handstand, and is very important to carry out educational duels with small speeds, setting a task of working off of gripping equipment by hands, legs, the head, the case. All these exercises lead your wrist to the necessary fighting state and a palm as the created shock part.

The basis of a palm

the palm Basis - shock part of an open palm which is formed by rigid fixing of a hand in a carpal joint to its back party, having slightly bent hand fingers in a palm. The thumb at the same time has to be densely pressed to a palm.

In the fighting section of a horting blows are struck with the basis of an open palm in a face: nose, chin directly, from below, sideways. Blows can be struck as straight lines in an open part of the face, and sideways in temporal part, to an ear, to a chin.

In the sports section of a horting is often applied by an open palm in the second round of fight technology of blocking against direct and lateral strokes of legs. It is also convenient to do the repellent movements for a set of the correct distance before shock attack.

A heel of a palm

This shock part of an open palm is formed also as well as the palm basis for blow, having only slightly developed a hand, directing a palm edge outside, and a thumb inside. In this case the edge of a pyastny joint near an external edge of a palm is slightly pushed forward.

can strike with This strong bone formation of a heel of a palm blows same as well as a palm edge, and by good preparation with even big internal penetration as the palm heel on the area is less, than the basis or an edge of a palm.

Back part of a palm

the Back part of a palm is formed by tension of sinews which straighten fingers. Fingers at the same time can be slightly bent, the thumb is densely pressed to a palm by an external sinew. The brush thus is straightened and creates a straight line with a forearm. In the fighting section of a horting blows can be struck with the palm back in an open part of the face, sideways and from below in a chin. The external (back) part of a palm on shock loading is much weaker internal because it is not protected by such layer of soft fabric and is not fixed by muscles as internal therefore it is applied less often and in certain provisions, favorable to attack, in relation to the rival. In a sports duel to striking blows it is applied seldom, it can be applied to performance by the block and supports as continuation of a forearm.

Technique of strengthening of a palm.

The open palm is applied in the second round of a sports duel of a horting. It really easily is tempered percussion about a firm surface because in this part of a hand under skin muscles are hidden and them will only strengthen sinews, percussion. Heels of palms can be tempered by means of various jumpings up and push-ups on them, blows to a bag with sand, on a floor, on firm wooden surfaces.

the Palm can be tempered easy stuffing by small wooden roundish whetstone about 25 - 30 cm in length and 3 - 4 cm in the diameter. Strongly it is not necessary to beat, to dose blows: in rigid places and it is easy to beat joints, in soft muscular places is a little stronger. To commensurate force of blows with a condition of a palm and weight of whetstone. It is possible to increase gradually speed and force of blows, at the same time rotating become skilled and setting up her the trained places serially and dosing contact. For strengthening of shock parts of a brush it is necessary to observe the principles of gradualness not to be traumatized at the wrong stuffing. Duration of primary training of the beginner depends on thickness of a bone, physical training and a tone of muscles of hands. Training has to be a constant and with increase in shock loadings, at the stuffing termination, the effect it can be reduced to zero, stuffing needs to be carried out constantly, throughout all time of occupations by a horting. It minimizes injuries of hands when carrying out contact duels.

the Important point for avoidance of injuries during the work as a palm, this position of a thumb and control of changes of its provisions when changing actions: during the blocking and blow, change of shock and gripping equipment. The thumb has to be bent and densely pressed to the forefinger basis. Blows can be combined and put with fingers, an outer edge of a palm, the palm basis, the center of a palm. Training exercises have to be directed to increase of hardness of these parts of a palm, accuracy and the getting force of blows. The operating time is conducted on a bag with sand, a wooden log, striking blows on the ground, on trees, on water, in an educational duel on the rival`s body.

When forming shock part of a heel of a palm, fingers can be slightly bent and spread wide. When stuffing the main point of application of force - a palm heel, the basis of a palm and a palm all completely. At training much attention is paid to the getting force of blows by a palm and fortresses of fingers. For this purpose it is possible to apply visa on a crossbeam, standing in an emphasis lying on fingers, on the basis of a palm, on an edge and a heel of a palm. After stuffing trainings it is necessary to warm up palm joints, to make massage of all muscles and bones of a wrist for restoration of blood circulation in joints sinews and relaxations of the muscles which are excessively strained after training.

3. Palm edge.

The edge of a palm is formed by straightening of fingers of a hand. Fingers, a wrist and a forearm at the same time create one straight line, the thumb is densely pressed to the forefinger basis. Fingers of a hand have to be strongly tense and strained, but can be pressed among themselves not densely, main that the basis of a little finger and a muscle of a brush which covers it were recorded in uniform shock part and strained. Strengthening of an edge of a palm happens shock exercises as this part of a hand can easily transfer big contact with firm surfaces and big shock loadings. But too it is easy to injure a palm edge if to strike blow with that its part that is closer to fingers. It is necessary to beat with other half of an edge, from its middle to the palm basis. At the same time it is expedient to strike blow as if in the diagonal plane. In this case the blow is struck with a middle part between an edge and the basis.

Practical efficiency of blow is big, but it is reached at an operating time and repeated repetition of blows to objects of various density. At the same time it is very important to strengthen a radical joint of a little finger. In the second round of a duel in a horting blows can be struck with an edge of a palm up to forearms, forcing down captures, on shoulders, on costal muscles, a liver, kidneys, on legs striking aside blows and blocking.

An external edge of a palm (from a little finger)

This shock part of a palm is capable to transfer high shock loadings, is formed with tension of fingers. In the applied section of a horting blows are struck with an external edge of a palm sideways in temporal part, to a clavicle from above and in front, to a nose bridge backhand, sideways and from below to a chin. In sports competition in the second round it is possible to strike blows everywhere, except the head and a groin, it is convenient to block blows legs. The external edge of a palm is also applied to dissecting of firm objects.

An internal edge of a palm (from a thumb) Internally the edge of a palm is formed by

by pressing of a thumb of a hand to internal part of a palm. At the same time the radical joint of a forefinger and the basis of a thumb form one plane. This part of a palm is most traumatic therefore blows and blocks are applied by this part not often, in case of need. Not to injure a thumb a bruise and not to get dislocation, he needs to be moved away from a shock surface of an internal edge of a palm.

The palm edge basis (a corner of the closed carpal joint)

the Basis of an edge of a palm is formed by densely closed carpal joint. The wrist bone at the same time settles down as the put-forward shock part, forming the firm rigid corner capable at blow to get into fabrics more deeply, than just a palm edge. It is shock part, small on the area, which is more applicable for blow, than for the block. Hand fingers at this formation are bent not until the end of inside palm. At striking a blow the thumb can be as in the state pressed to a palm, and to be removed on small distance from a palm, depending on a situation of a duel and the choice appreciate for blow.

Technique of strengthening of an edge of a palm.

It is necessary to train a palm edge step by step, at first trainings to warm up a palm edge a hand, it is good to warm a carpal joint and fingers of a hand. A warming well up a hand all completely it is possible to start stuffing performance. At first it is possible to strike easy blows to objects with various density, then to pass to absolutely firm objects, it as wooden boards, a log, a floor, concrete walls, etc. In process of a warming up and consolidation of shock part it is possible to increase force of blows. It is possible to strike blows with serially right, then left hand, it is possible to fill at first the left, then right hand. Frequency and force of blows need to be selected individually for itself. Being outdoors, it is possible to apply as a shell to stuffing a trunk and branches of trees, stones, bricks, boards, the earth, water, etc. Stuffing needs to be alternated to recovery pauses at which to perform careful massage and inspection of shock part regarding damages and grazes.

Is very convenient to strengthen an edge of a palm striking one hand in another. For this purpose no shell, only your hands is necessary, and at this exercise two hands work at once. There is an exercise for stuffing in which small wooden sticks of long about 30 - 40 cm, are applied by the weight sufficient for the average force of blow. If such stick round, then it it is possible not only tapping to fill a palm edge, but also to roll it.

Can also fill a palm edge on bags with water or with grain which very much remind a human body on a consistence. The bag with sand allows to accustom to enter more deeply shock part into the attacked part. The following exercise - the toning stuffing, the tempering blows of shock part about shock part of own body or partner`s body, blows a stick by various shock parts or blows in a knee, a hip, a shin represent, the places capable to maintain shock loading of an edge of a palm. Good results by preparation of shock part of an edge of a palm are yielded by direct dissecting of firm objects, such as a board (one or several), a dry branch of a tree, a brick, a stone, etc. Before direct blow to object of dissecting, it is necessary to put several times the created palm edge to a board or a stone to see a final phase of contact of a hand and a subject, it is especially important at the initial stage of development of dissecting of objects.

4. Forearm.

The forearm in a duel of a horting is applied to blocks and supports under blow of the rival. Sometimes the forearm is applied as shock part, especially in a situation when it is necessary to bring down taking of the opponent, then it is convenient to strike with a forearm blow from above to a forearm of the hand of the rival which executed capture. But the main mission of a forearm in fight is, of course, blocking of blows. Formation of this part is in substituting that part of a forearm which is ready to accept blow under blow it is safe to make depreciation both muscular tissue of a forearm, and in advance prepared filled bone. Thus, rotating muscles a forearm bone, the athlete has to find for himself most accepted provisions of the block by a forearm. In this case it is important to have a powerful bone and the strong trained forearm muscles. Width of a bone is given to the person by nature, but it is possible to strengthen it exercises, and it is even necessary for acceptance of blows and reliable blocking. Mechanisms of strengthening of bones difficult and gradual. It is connected with ability to suffer from pain and healthy nutrition. If any training can be given to bones, then it is more from influence of tension of a muscle, than from repeated injuries because bones are thickened depending on loading, which they toto maintain lzhna. More dense bone could be more resistant to influence forces, but the main thing is the muscular corset which is around a bone and strengthening and regulating its positions when blocking. For blocking the athlete instinctively in fractions of a second chooses position of a forearm and a muscular corset sends it to the necessary situation, creating the block. The block at the same time, force and its reliability depend not only on forearm fortress, and and on rigidity of all design - situation and stability of the case, fixing of muscles of a hand, position of a shoulder, rigidity and concentration of a fist or a palm. But a body at the time of blocking are a place of a forearm of which shock loading is the share. It can be an outer or inner edge of a bone of a forearm.

External part of a forearm

the External part of a forearm at the person is by nature more powerful and stronger, than internal. It gives in to strengthening more and can transfer shock loading more. The block exposed by external part of a forearm reliable and strong. This part carries out mainframes of the program of a horting, such as the top block, the average external, average internal, lower block. The external and back part of a forearm carries out supports in the first round of a horting under direct strokes and blows of the rival by a hand in a glove sideways. The external part of a forearm carries out otbiva and ruptures of captures of hands and the case. At close capture by the rival of the case, a forearm it is possible to remove the rival on a distance of shock attack. This formation is applied as with an open palm, in a fist (in the second round), and during the work in gloves (in the first round of a duel of a horting). The main physiological rule of use of external part of a forearm - all power movements which are carried out from within outside.

Internal part of a forearm

the Internal part of a forearm with success is applied in the power direction - outside inside. If this part, unlike external part of a forearm, can be injured more under shock influence, and it is inconvenient to block it in many cases, then this part it is easy and natural to perform gripping operations. This part it is possible to carry out suffocating reception by capture for a neck behind and sideways, it is possible to extend a hand on painful reception in orchestra seats, it is possible to take and hold under the arm a hand or a leg of the rival and to carry out many other receptions both in a rack, and in orchestra seats. Successful carrying out practically all receptions in orchestra seats depends on reliability and the fortress of internal part of a forearm.

Technique of strengthening of a forearm.

Methods of strengthening of a forearm, the stuffing and rolling exercises have to be carried out along with usual physical exercises on strengthening of muscles of a forearm. Reliability of muscles and sinews - one of the main indicators of readiness of a forearm for shock and gripping loadings.

can apply a stuffing method To strengthening of a bone of a forearm. At first fill percussion of a rubber or wooden rod, then it is possible to pass to a bag with sand, and already blows to a bag with the dosed contact to strengthen a bone, sinews and muscles of a forearm, to accustom them to be mobilized together in one powerful design at the time of acceptance of blow.

For an operating time of protective surfaces of forearms, it is possible to roll the roundish wooden roller on the ground, pressing it forearms. This procedure is made until on a periosteum of forearms firm education - a callosity does not appear. When it is reached, it is possible to strike freely with forearms in a rigid bag with sand without any pain that is reached due to some hardening of skin on these parts of the body. At the same time it is necessary to train not elbows, namely forearms. Rolling of the roller on them will provide to

their maximum hardness, and you will be able softly to block and reflect them any blows struck with a leg or a hand in a sports duel. Even slightly hardened periosteum will not allow you to be injured any more. Parallel to a nakatka it is necessary to exercise muscles of forearms that the volume of muscles on them allowed to amortize not only objects of average rigidity, and and absolutely rigid objects. The athlete`s forearm in fight plays the important bearing role. It bears on itself shock part: the fist, a palm, a palm edge, etc., and also ensures safety the blocking constantly changing actions. Therefore it needs to be tempered from all directions repeatedly it is rolled along forearms wooden roundish sticks. It is very convenient to fill forearms the edges of palms. One hand beats with an edge of a palm a forearm of the second hand. At the same time it is possible to rotate as a forearm, substituting different spaces for blow, and to tap a palm edge in different places, changing the angles of application of force and regulating force of blows.

For a contact duel of a horting in which the big arsenal of receptions is resolved training of shock parts of a forearm has crucial importance. If you did not temper shock parts, most likely, injure to yourself forearms in a duel. Preservation of shock parts in fight - one of the main tasks, many damage them at the very beginning of a duel, and without special harm for the opponent. To find ability temper own forearms any can if observes the principle of constancy and the principle of a continuity. It is very important not to bring preparation to injuries. It is necessary to avoid internal bruises near sinews, nerves and blood vessels, and also around joints of an elbow and a wrist. These areas temper practice of repeated blocks and blows to each of shock parts, at the same time every time striking a few other place. The bone needs to be filled very carefully. After consecutive regular jobs the blanket of a bone becomes thicker, so, the bone becomes stronger and tempered. Regenerative ability of a bone is shown in consolidations and increase in density. But it has to occur for a long time. In physiology the bone outgrowth which appears at consolidation on a surface of a bone is called periosteum. Too big shock load of a bone can lead to separation of a periosteum from a bone surface, and then these sites will begin to flow blood and a lymph. Long time - about four - can be necessary six months for restoration of blood supply and integrity of a bone, and the athlete will be beaten out from the competitive schedule, will lose preparation and will be forced to be treated. Disease process will not give the chance to continue to temper these sites of a forearm. Therefore in case of getting injured at training or competition, it is necessary to show a forearm to the doctor and to implement recommendations about restoration of the injured part. Importance of a forearm in a duel is huge, the confidence in capture capture, the choice of a corner of blow, blow force, reliability of the block, efficiency of painful and suffocating receptions depends on its health and a state.

5. Elbow.

The elbow joint of the person consists of a powerful humeral and elbow bone. Closed by a muscular corset, it is the rigid and strong weapon. Blow an elbow one of the strongest and most dangerous blows, owing to a high speed and a short way. The short lever from a shoulder to an elbow and lack between them of joints which serve as a depreciation element at blow does blow by an elbow dangerous and deeply getting. In near fight this irreplaceable weapon and an elbow strike blow in near fight so strongly and quickly that it is almost impossible to be protected from it. At a clinch distance the fulfilled blows and sbiva an elbow help to work and not to give to an initiative surely. The elbow as means of attack and protection is formed by bending of a hand in an elbow joint. The shock surface is made by area of a bend of an elbow, but the choice of concrete part depends on the direction of blow. In the fighting section of a horting the blow is struck with an elbow in the head directly in an open part of the face, to a nose bridge directly and sideways, in a chin sideways, from above to the head and a clavicle, etc. The good blow an elbow is much stronger, than a punch or a palm. In rigid blow it is possible to send to a knockout of the rival of bigger weight and high growth. The arsenal of shock equipment in the head an elbow very big, and the action choice usually depends on a fight situation. In a sports duel it is forbidden to hit with an elbow into the head to protect as much as possible athletes from the severe injuries done by this rigid formation. It is allowed by an elbow to strike direct strokes to the case in a breast and a stomach, to forearms, to shoulders, to legs. It is also authorized to strike blow back in the case of the opponent who took behind. In fight in orchestra seats blows are forbidden to be struck with an elbow.

Blows an elbow are derivative basic punches and a naked hand.

These blows begin the movement in a shoulder joint. The blow an elbow amplifies due to inclusion of mass of all case in the shock pulse movement. The blow an elbow from below is derivative for a punch from below, the blow an elbow sideways in a chin or a shoulder is derivative a lateral punch, the cutting blow a palm edge sideways, the blow an elbow from above is basic for blow the back of a fist and the cutting blow a palm edge on a clavicle from above, the blow an elbow is to basic derivatives for blow the fist back aside, a palm edge in the parties back: in temporal part, a neck, the rival`s chin, blow an elbow with untwisting is basic for punches, a palm edge with untwisting back (in a sports first round of a horting - punches in a glove in the head with untwisting). In the program of a horting allocate three main formations of shock part of an elbow: elbow edge, basis of an elbow and external part of an elbow.

An edge of an elbow

the Edge of an elbow can be applied both to blow and to the block. At the same time it is necessary to bend completely a hand in an elbow joint and to record a brush. If to squeeze a brush in a fist, then the bend of an elbow will be even more rigidly and not more movably. The edge of an elbow is edge of a bone of a forearm and is conveniently applied when drawing lateral blows by an elbow.

The basis of an elbow

the Basis of an elbow is formed by a rigid full bend of a hand in an elbow joint. This shock part of an elbow is most traumatic as it is located on the place of an attachment of a sinew of a three-headed muscle of a shoulder to an elbow bone. This shock part strike blows with an elbow from above, aside, back and with untwisting.

External part of an elbow

the External part of an elbow is most often applied as the blocking element of supports under blows in the head by a hand in a glove in the first round of a horting, the blocking supports under blow of the rival a hand or a leg sideways on the case. The external part of an elbow can be applied as with a full and partial bend of a hand in an elbow.

Technique of strengthening of an elbow.

An elbow joint in itself powerful, and its preparation demands stuffing with a bigger force of stuffing blows. Power stuffing of shock parts of an elbow has to begin with warm-up of hands in humeral and elbow joints. If joints are warmed poorly, stuffing cannot be begun. With sand not warmed joint the athlete can get dislocation from strong blow to a bag not only an elbow joint, and at the wrong choice of a corner of blow - dislocation of a shoulder joint. After warm-up, having executed the rotary exercises which are dragging out the movements of muscles and sinews of a shoulder and an elbow it is possible to start the exercises strengthening shock parts.

Can strike blows on soft, and then to a firm bag. And the bag has to be heavy and fixed. Blows need to be struck in one and too the place several times that as an elbow to feel small deepening in a bag with sand and striking blows in this deepening, the shock part of an elbow occupies the big square on a bag that gives the chance to put blow of rather big force. There is a simultaneous strengthening as elbow joint, so humeral. The shoulder joint gets used to acceptance of shock load of an elbow.

Blows in a rigid wooden surface are used generally for formation of the correct statement of an elbow at the time of blow. Such blows are struck with an elbow edge.

After striking blows on a bag, it is necessary to do survey of shock parts of an elbow, to make massage fingers, to feel muscles of a forearm and a shoulder regarding microinjuries.

can Check elbow fortress dissecting of firm objects, for example one or several boards established horizontally on supports. The blow is struck with an elbow from above, before blow it is necessary to put several times an elbow to the top board to which the blow in order that all body and finishing position of a hand at blow muscle memory recorded a form of a shock design of a body will be struck and managed to strain as much as possible at the right time - in a final phase of blow. This blow is struck with the elbow basis.

Strengthening of external part of an elbow occurs striking blows on this formation by means of the partner. The partner can tap external parts of elbows in serially lateral blow the left and right leg serially, a rubber or wooden stick.

can Also apply an obstukivaniye an edge of a palm of an elbow joint. This exercise can be carried out independently, filling an edge of a palm of one hand an elbow joint of other hand. The place of stuffing can be regulated and substituted under blow serially new places. In case of getting injured of an elbow bone or puffiness of an articulate bag, the injured joint needs to be shown to the trainer and the doctor, training by stuffing needs to be stopped to an absolute recovery of a joint.

“ Encyclopedia of a horting“

Eduard Eremenko

© 2010.