Calendar of the summer resident. What to be engaged in September in?
there Came September, and the first breath of fall is already felt. Days are promptly shortened, and average daily temperature considerably decreases. In the second half of month in a midland the probability of the first night frosts is high. Means, this month it is desirable to finish all works on harvesting and to start preparation of the site for winter.
In September mass harvesting of autumn and winter grades of apple-trees and pears . First of all remove finally ripened fruits, without allowing their falling off on the earth. Determine their removable maturity by acquisition of characteristic high-quality coloring, existence of mature seeds inside and to easy separation from a fruit branch. Such fruits literally fall in a hand at a touch to them. To tear off them with effort or literally it is undesirable to turn off from a branch - better to leave, let they will hang for a while some more days, will ripen. It is necessary to reap a crop in warm dry weather before incessant rains and frosts.
On young people of not fructifying saplings needs to prishchipnut tops at all one-year escapes. This reception accelerates ripening of young wood and promotes increase of its frost resistance. Bring in pristvolny circles kaliyno - phosphoric fertilizers, humus which at the same time will serve also as a heater for root system in winter cold weather. If landing of young saplings of fruit-trees is planned in the fall, then for them prepare landing holes in advance. To replace fruit-trees it is possible to begin already since the end of September. But keep in mind that kostochkovy (cherry, plum) it is better to put in the spring.
Special attention should be paid on existence of enough moisture in the soil now . At droughty weather the garden needs moderate watering, otherwise trees will go to winter weakened and will be more subject to a vymerzaniye. If periodically there are rains, then it is not obligatory to water.
In September reap the harvest and from grapes which are grown up now by many gardeners - fans in averages and even northern latitudes. Clusters accurately cut off in warm dry weather. After the first weak frosts the rod should be removed from lanes and to lay on the earth, previously having cut off not quite ripe escapes and having removed all remains of leaves. During this period the rod still flexible and easily gives in to twisting and laying. If it gets under strong frosts, then will become withdrawal pains and it will be much more difficult to lay it.
In the first half of month land in soil odrevesnevshy shanks of red currant , in the second half - of blackcurrant . Shanks cut with 5 - 7 kidneys from a middle part of escapes of the current year and bury to the soil on 1 - 2 kidneys at an angle in 45 degrees. The place of landing is watered properly and during all warm period watch that the soil was rather humidified. With occurrence of steady cold weather shanks carefully mulch peat or humus and cover with fir-tree fir twigs or other suitable material.
The soil around adult bushes of currant and a gooseberry is dug over, but it is superficial, remembering that the root system lies close to a surface. It is useful to hill bushes at the same time slightly the fertile earth and to feed up fosforno - potash fertilizers or humus. Not late to cut out superfluous old or zagushchayushchy krone escapes if it was not made in the summer.
The first decade of September - a deadline for landing of seedling of garden wild strawberry . On the fructifying bed weeding, removal of the growing moustaches and watering at dry weather are still actual.
If did not cut out otplodonosivshy escapes of raspberry in the summer , then it is necessary to make it now. The young growth of this year can be zamulchirovat a thick layer of humus - raspberry is very sympathetic on such reception.
the Kitchen garden
In a kitchen garden in September, perhaps, the most busy season. It is necessary to reap to frosts the grown-up crop of all vegetable cultures, except late cabbage. In dry warm weather dig out potatoes, beet and carrots .
If there is warm weather, then it is possible not to hurry with collecting tomatoes from greenhouses. The healthy, not affected with diseases bushes still yield quite quite good harvest. But with arrival of rainy wet weather with cleaning of this culture it is better to hurry - suitable fruits use for conservation, and green display in heat the dry place for ripening.
As a reference point for cleaning of sweet pepper steady fall of temperature of air to 15 degrees and can serve below. As soon as in the afternoon air gets warm not above this mark, pepper stops the growth, and he needs to be collected at once. The matter is that it is very thermophilic and such temperature is limit for its vegetation.
It is important to manage to clean cucumbers, vegetable marrows , pumpkin to the first frosts. These plants are very sensitive to cold weather, and the pumpkin which transferred even absolutely short-term fall of temperature to zero degrees or below will not be stored all winter any more, it is obligatory zagniyot.
As a signal for cleaning of summer garlic serves yellowing of its foliage on one third. Heads accurately undermine a shovel, take from the soil and display for drying and ripening in the dry aired place. Depending on weather it can be a bed or a garret, a canopy.
The sites exempted from vegetables dig over, introducing humus or fertilizers. It is deeply necessary to dig over, without breaking the turning-out earth lumps. So they freeze through in the winter better that leads to death of seeds of the weed plants and wreckers who settled in the soil on wintering.
Along with cleaning in September are engaged also in in landing . On the released sites it is possible to land at the beginning of a month gradually of fennel, parsley, onions on a feather. Before steady cold weather these cultures still will quite manage to please you with young vitamin greens. And if to cover them with a film, then process will accelerate.
In the second half of month there come suitable terms for landing of winter garlic . Large teeth land on depth of 4 - 6 cm, small - more small. Tiny cloves - bulbochka accurately scatter in grooves, powdering them with the soil of all on couple of centimeters. All landings at droughty weather surely water.
the Flower bedcontinue by
In a flower bed division of the expanded bushes of perennials and collecting the ripened seeds of annual plants. Weeding is still actual: weeds are a haven for insects - wreckers and causative agents of diseases - and we do not need it at all!
At the end of September it is already possible to dig out early grades of gladioluses. At the same time leaves cut off secateurs, leaving penyok in 1 - 2 cm, old bulbous tubers carefully delete. Young people wash out in solution of potassium permanganate and display for drying in the dry place with a temperature higher than 25, but not lower than 20 - 22 degrees are desirable.
On roses it is necessary to cut off the appearing buds because equally blossom all of them can not to be in time, but to exhaust here a bush on the eve of wintering by within its powers.
The window plants which were carrying out summer in the fresh air bring in the house that they did not suffer from essential differences of daytime and night time temperatures.
At the end of the month begin landing bulbous : tulips, hyacinths, narcissuses and others. If were not in time - they can be put also in October.
Attention! the Calendar is calculated first of all on a climatic zone of a midland and contains only the most general recommendations. Therefore everyone has to correct them according to the personal range of plants and concrete pogodno - climatic conditions of the region.