Margaret Thatcher: iron lady, “the charming conservative“ or black sheep?
When in May, 1979 Margaret Thatcher came to the power, the country could brag of great actors of the world, the best tennis tournaments and cheerful green lawns. All the rest left much to be desired. However, in 60 - e years of last century there was a small splash in economy, in mood of masses, but it was short. But already to 70 - m America began to dictate to years tastes in bottoms again - music, superiority in fashion was strong retained by Italy and France. And Germany was in the lead in economy.
Thatcher did not seek to be similar to others. It remained cool and quiet even if the opinion of the opponent did not suit it. All understood that she in the country “starts“ revolution. Still conservatives and labourists, eliminating small defects, only aggravated situation in the country where unemployment prospered: strikes became frequent, and the economy needed reforming. Thatcher did not want to be reconciled with this situation.
Besides, it defined every day also a role of England in Europe, in the western community, the world. It helped Ronald Reagan, supported Mikhail Gorbachev. It is unconditional that during that time Thatcher was the strongest and influential woman in political arena.
Future prime minister - the minister of Britain, Margaret Hilda Thatcher (Roberts - a surname in girlhood), was born on October 13, 1925 in the small town of Grentem in a family of the owner of grocery store Alfred Roberts and the seamstress Beatrice Stephenson. Margaret`s parents were extremely economical and hardworking. Except Margaret, her elder sister Muriel with whom they together went to school grew in a family. Margaret was very diligent and diligent in the doctrine. Elder sister recognized more than once that “It was 4 years younger than Margaret, but always overtook in study“.
Margaret got reputation of “know-it-all“ at school Soon. But it did not touch it. Her father who was always interested in policy constantly repeated the favourite Margaret that it is impossible to live idle. “Time the person has talents, - he said, - that them is not earthed“ . In school days young Margaret with interest listened attentively to talk of adults who argued on policy, on local elections. Already then it with enthusiasm carried out “position“ of coherent, carrying documents to the polling precinct or noting “tick“ of voters in lists. “Policy at me in blood“, - this phrase she will say then more than once.
Margaret was at heart serious and lonely. But it did not prevent it to leave brilliantly women`s college at the Oxford university, and then to become the student of natural-science faculty. Having shown an initiative and vigor in work of association of conservatives at university, Margaret was elected it the chairman. She without effort learned to subordinate to the will men.
Having graduated from the university, and then having received the chemist`s position at one of the enterprises, Thatcher did not leave the dream - to enter big-time politics. Once at annual party conference of conservatives where it represented student`s association, it suggested to propose the candidate on elections in Dartforda, the city of Kent County (near London). Margaret was inspired by the forthcoming work. She liked to go on houses, to meet voters, at the same time felt in “plate“. In this time, difficult for herself she got acquainted in the company of friends with Denis Tetcher operating firm on production of paints. When it was asked later whether they fell in love at once with each other, Margaret answered: “Is not present, of course! “
In two years after acquaintance they got married. Their union was long. Margaret got legal education, passed to work into legal profession. And soon they gave birth to twins, the girl and the boy - Carol and Mark. Margaret will tell later: “Denis well understood finance, I - economy. At us was much in common“. After several unsuccessful attempts on Margaret`s elections enters fight for the parliamentary place, now Finchley, in the suburb of London again. There was 1959. In this race she won a victory. As then spoke to Margaret: “It was possible to find houses me only in the morning now“.
of its ability to tireless work were noticed by the prime minister - the minister Harold Mack - Milan, having offered it a position of the secretary of the ministry of pensions in legislative assembly. In 1970, at the new prime minister - the minister, Edward Heath, Thatcher headed the Ministry of Education. Sometimes it went on the most unpopular decisions to fix problems. So, Thatcher decided to cancel free distribution of milk at schools to children to use these funds for other programs, those years the country spent for formation of money more, than for defense. Besides, it was for construction of new schools, but not for reconstruction old. Thatcher raised a payment for school breakfasts. The criticism wave painfully “wounded“ the tempered Margaret, but she also did not think to change the decisions.
In 1975, in the run-up to the upcoming elections, panic reigned in the government and parliament. Conservatives promised the people to carry out reforming of a number of economic problems, to achieve decrease of the inflation rate and weakening of activity of labor unions. Among conservatives Thatcher`s voice most loudly sounded. In fact, she was a black sheep because, defending these questions, seriously did not wish to change “the laid course“. So Margaret Thatcher becomes the leader of conservative party. Any of men in parliament did not show that courage from what Margaret undertook to lead party. The next 4 years Thatcher did everything in order that “to keep what remained“, often repeating at the same time: “In the country few rich people also are not enough profit“.
not incidentally winter of 1979 in Britain will be called “winter of discontent“. In the country there was practically no organization which would not strike. In this Thatcher`s time, difficult for the country, there was a prime minister - the minister and held on in power 10 years.
Margaret was always an optimist and knew where to go. Once in the Chicago Tribyyun newspaper of Thatcher called “the charming conservative“. During the Falkland conflict with Argentina Thatcher used military and diplomatic “courses“ to defend the Falkland Islands. She spoke: “Yes, my style is a vigorous management. To me late to change“ . Many of politicians thought that Margaret will lead the country to crash, but they were mistaken. Thatcher reconsidered development of business in the country, having supported him. She changed tax system, having made it more dynamic and steady, carried out reforms in labor unions. Thatcher openly declared that against price control and a salary.
In Russia the prime minister - the minister of Great Britain was called the iron lady. Thatcher managed to change the country, having forced it to work tensely, and the outside world - to reckon with it.