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Kotovnik: catches lions or cats?.

... As here, on this website the speech about a remarkable kotovnik (ru/blog/345323/#post372122) already came, I will add slightly - slightly: it is confused sometimes to a melissa (especially grandmothers are the aunts trading in herbs on markets) that there is no crime as both plants curative. than

Only a melissa - it is more for cores (Ibn Xing wrote in the “Canon of medical sciences“: “... The melissa inspires heart and clarifies mind“, somehow so, almost literally), and the kotovnik is used at some zheludochno - intestinal diseases. In my opinion, tea from a kotovnik is more tasty, than from a melissa.

What the plant such is?

Kotovnik - a plant from family of Gubotsvetny or Yasnotkovy (Lamiaceae) to which 200 childbirth and over three thousand types extended mainly in hot moderate - less often in the cold countries belong.

Kotovnik - one of the most representative childbirth of this family.

Kotovnik (Nepeta) belong To a sort about 150 - and species of the plants widespread in the countries of the Old World.

the Cat`s kotovnik - a perennial grassy plant up to 80 - 100 cm high (occasionally, on a fertile field, the kotovnik can shoot up and higher than a meter). Leaves serdtsevidno - ovoid, ostroverkhushechny, at the edges krupnogorodchaty, from below serovato - fluffy. The verticils consisting of a large number of whitish or reddish flowers are compactly located on tops of escapes that is one of the main distinctive external signs - distinguishing from MELISSA to whom a kotovnik often confuse (to that her leaves are lighter).

the Cup supporting a flower is slightly bent, with five teeth from which top is longer than the others. A lower lip light-a purple nimbus with purple specks, at the edges gorodchato - gear.

The kotovnik blossoms almost all summer, it is actively visited by bees. Collecting honey from one hectare of thickets of a kotovnik dostikat not less than 400 kg during the season.

The essential oil emitted from this plant possesses high anti-fungal activity. Thanks to antimicrobic action the kotovnik is used outwardly at purulent processes of skin, and also for fight against parasites (showing in this case insecticidal properties). Apply infusion or decoction from a grass of a kotovnik (the blossoming top part of a plant) at chronic bronchitis, to calm of cough, at a number zheludochno - intestinal diseases.

Kotovnik lemon possesses spazmolitichesky action, raises the general tone, improves appetite, eliminates feeling of dizziness. Tea from this plant is considered even more tasty, than grass melissa infusion.

Are available data on zhelchegonny action of a kotovnik.

One of ways of preparation and application: one or two tablespoons of the dry crushed raw materials (the top part of the blossoming escapes) to fill in 200 ml of boiled water in a thermos. To sustain 2 - 3 hours and to drink after filtering in a warm look on one shot glass (50 ml) three times a day before food.

Sometimes the specific name of a kotovnik - “mint“ meets (Nepeta cataria L.) .

of Nepeta cataria L. var. citriodora Beck. - “the variation in the rank of subspecies“ - a kotovnik lemon, and actually has slightly OTHER smell, citrus, almost lemon. It can be tried at migraine (like a melissa), any headache - it is desirable to measure pressure, of course: can, time to apply more serious, drastic remedies … came

Leaves of a lemon kotovnik are used for a fragrance of tea and cocktails.

And now as an interval I suggest to have a good time as on a roundabout in park - and will entertain us … stamens! Stamens in flowers gubotsvetny usually four, are also attached they to a nimbus tube. At a tropical sort koleus tychinochny threads grow together with each other, forming a short tube. Sometimes we observe a rudiment of the fifth stamen - possibly, disappeared during evolution gubotsvetny.

of Steam of back stamens at gubotsvetny usually well forward couple - but sometimes … for example at a kotovnik … the return ratio takes place: couple of back stamens are LONGER than lobbies!.
Well, the head went around from any subtleties of the sexual device of a kotovnik? Well I promised you entertainment - a roundabout!

And now we come back to the human speech: at least, we understood that a sort the kotovnik costs independently among all family of gubotsvetny.

I here we smoothly approached household and medical value of a plant:

the Essential oil emitted from this plant (only 0,3% - also receive it an otgonka with water vapor from all grass), possesses high anti-fungal activity. Thanks to antimicrobic action the kotovnik is used inside at diseases catarrhal, and outwardly - at purulent processes of skin, and also for fight against parasites (showing in this case insecticidal properties).

Commercially (for receiving essential oil) a kotovnik grew up in the Soviet Central Asian republics and the Voronezh region. How are you are in the industry today - honestly, I do not know. But I suspect that not really.

Apply infusion or decoction from a grass of a kotovnik (the blossoming top part of a plant) at chronic bronchitis, to calm of cough, at a number zheludochno - intestinal diseases (Qatar of a stomach) and even at an anemia.

Kotovnik lemon possesses spazmolitichesky action, raises the general tone, improves appetite, eliminates feeling of dizziness. Tea from this plant is considered even more tasty, than grass melissa infusion (the opinion about it I already had honor to state to you at the very beginning of a sketch).

Are available data on zhelchegonny action of a kotovnik.

One of ways of preparation and application: one or two tablespoons of the dry crushed raw materials (the top part of the blossoming escapes) to fill in 200 ml of boiled water in a thermos. To sustain 2 - 3 hours and to drink after filtering in a warm look on one shot glass (50 ml) three times a day before food.

… And you can - if hurry on affairs or on an electric train - it is simple to fill in with boiled water in a cup, to stir and take a cup covered at least minutes five - and forward, adding honey or sugar - or just like that, without any sweets - drink on health!.

Less often two other look - a kotovnik Hungarian or pannonsky meet (Nepeta pannonica L.) and kotovnik melkotsvetkovy (Nepeta parviflora Bieb.) . Their application practically same.

… And how, you ask, that question which sounded in sketch heading - it catches whom, our favourite kotovnik, lions or cats?. I Answer

:

Is interesting that essential oil of a kotovnik was used in North America for an enticement in traps, a trap of young lynxes, “mountain lions“ (puma) long ago, and other cats! You represent?! Probably, unlike a plantain our kotovnik to America the European immigrants delivered consciously - for decorative, and truncated only much later that it can be used as a fragrant bait.;-)

the Main component of essential oil of a kotovnik is nepetalakton (42%). Its smell attracts many animals from the cat family.

So not only from a valerian “go bananas“ cats!!!

… Pay attention, between times, as the kotovnik landed in a corner of your garden site (or behind the Alpine hill), affects a favourite house murka.

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As a basis for this purpose, and also other sketches about plants, fragments from my former books served, namely:

1) A. Ryabokon “The reference book of herbs“ (more than one hundred author`s illustrations, the schedule, it was regularly republished till 2009, data are on the Internet);

2) A. Ryabokon “To the herbalist, or Food plants - healers (the Kiev edition);

3) A. Ryabokon “The newest reference book of herbs“ (Rostov-on-Don, “Phoenix“ - one of the largest publishing houses of the CIS, appeared in Houses of Books)

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