What secret is kept by the Tula gingerbread?
the Tula gingerbread were for the first time mentioned in 1685 in the pistsovy book, and it has the biography. In old times of the master baked gingerbreads of different forms and types. They could be with a stuffing or without it, differed also on composition of flour. From here also names - “cut“, modelled, printing went.
Especially printing gingerbreads were famous. They also demanded work from masters of considerable. They were produced by means of forms which cut out from a tree, used a birch or a pear more often. After long drying of wood on plates with big accuracy cut out different pictures. And there was a name of gingerbread - “printing“. Printing gingerbreads were different: honey, adobe, with gear edge, creamy, scalded, mustard etc. Gingerbreads had also the appointment. They were baked to weddings, as a gift, to commemoration.
By the way, the way of creation of printing gingerbread did not become outdated and still. In old times gingerbreads tried to make to some important event. Carried for what form was used once to unique. Gingerbread which was made to celebrations in connection with crowning of the emperor Nicholas II is known. On it the tsar`s profile was accurately looked through. At the end of the last century the Tula bakers presented honourable gingerbreads with the image of the Tula coat of arms and the Tula Kremlin to Boris Yeltsin, the Patriarch of All Russia Alexy II. They were received at different times as a gift by Vladimir Putin, Yury Luzhkov and the TV host of the game “Field of wonders“ Leonid Yakubovich …
One of the oldest enterprises for production of gingerbreads belonged to to Vasily Serikov . It is known that Vasily`s father worked as the cook and to everything that was able, taught the son. Having graduated from district school in Aleksin of the Tula province, Vasily moved to Tula. The master not one, and worked with the relatives. Besides factory, Serikov had also shop in which it was always possible to buy orange, melon, almond, chocolate gingerbreads.
As Serikov still let out also candies, the quantity of its production reached 800 names. So, in 1913 at Serikov`s factory over 150 people worked, all they made about 4 thousand poods of gingerbreads within a year, for 16 thousand rubles.
Also the confectioner Pyotr Kozlov who together with the wife and the daughter turned out sweet products at the factory is known. These are cakes, gingerbreads, cakes, chocolate, candies. He was one of the first confectioners who packed the production into tin and cardboard boxes that very much was pleasant to buyers. For the work Pyotr Kozlov got at the World Fair of confectioners in Rome a medal and the diploma Gran - at.
In the same years in Tula confectioners D. Filippov, Grechikhina`s brothers, Belolipetskiye`s brothers, a family Shchukinykh worked. also. What is interesting, everyone baked gingerbreads according to the recipe which was kept in secret and descended only, usually to sons. In work bakers did not use weights to measure amount of honey or flour. In “course“ there were stones, the most usual, or pieces from metal. All this was stored under “lock“ and in the secluded place. Each confectioner protected the recipe of gingerbread.
Those years bakers brought the Tula gingerbreads to Moscow and St. Petersburg carts. The Tula confectioners traded in the goods not only at the Russian fairs. They visited the countries of Europe. So, the dynasty Grechikhinykh received in total for the gingerbreads 12 awards. Belolipetskiye`s merchants glorified Tula too. Their gingerbreads very much were pleasant to the empress Maria Fiodorovna.
In the period of revolutionary events of 1917 almost all enterprises which were letting out gingerbreads were crushed. And only in days of the New Economic Policy gingerbreads appeared on counters of shops again. However, they had names absolutely others - “Komsomol“, “National“, “Commissar“ etc. And to taste they could not be compared to gingerbreads which baked masters before revolution.
In the years of World War II in one of shops of the plant once belonging to Vasily Serikov the artel was organized. Here in this artel workers made noodles of low grades of flour, mint “fingers“ (gingerbreads of the small size) and larger gingerbreads. Gingerbreads let out slightly more than 2 thousand kilograms a year, and then from - for shortages of sugar absolutely stopped their production.
However after war it was decided to revive in Tula baking of gingerbreads. But it was not so - that simply. Almost all masters died, recipes were lost. Were also such who did not wish to help the Soviet power. Here then - that local management of the city brought together those people who once worked on confectioneries. The truth it or not, but Stepan Sevastyanov was the only person who knew the unique recipe of production of gingerbread .
When he was 13 years old, he worked at factory of the merchant Grechikhin as a journeyman. In one of Sundays when all went to church, the bright fellow, having pretended to be the patient, found a box in which Grechikhin stored “weights“ in a closet of factory. Tradition claims, Stepan tried on all “pebbles“ on scales and remembered. A secret of the recipe of the Tula gingerbread was so revealed.
There are a lot of forces and heart and soul the young pryanichnitsa Anna Matveevna Pavlova who undertook to adjust production of gingerbreads at factory where once worked the master Vasily Serikov put in revival of a sweet delicacy. The famous skilled worker Pavlova was engaged in baking of gingerbread 33 years. For the work she was awarded by a set of awards and diplomas. But also when the recipe of gingerbread was known to already much, nobody, except Anna Pavlova, decided to open factory on production of gingerbreads. Anna Matveevna answered all questions of gingerbread: “The recipe - that the recipe, but the most important highlight on baking of gingerbread at the master in the head“ . On memoirs of the son of Pavlova, Igor Klimov, his mother all life collected recipes on baking of gingerbreads of old masters.
As for Stepan Sevastyanov, he became an inventor subsequently. He thought out baking dishes of children`s gingerbreads.
And in 1996 in Tula opened the museum “Tula Gingerbread“. Exactly here it is possible to see the smallest gingerbread, it is powerful no more fifty-kopeck piece, and also pood, perhaps, only at us in the country. The Old Tula factory pleases inhabitants of Tula and city visitors with the sweet production also today. And here history does not know a name of the culinary specialist who thought up the Tula gingerbread still …