Whether it is necessary to emphasize in the book?
are known to All that the greatest benefit from reading is derived by the one who is able to read “between lines“. Meanwhile, I would like to convince you that there is one more, not less important aspect of reading. I want to induce you to write between lines. If you do not learn it, hardly you will be able to derive the maximum benefit from reading. I claim, directly and unambiguously that underlinings in the book - not an act of vandalism, and manifestation of love. Of course, it is impossible to write in someone else`s book. The librarian (or the friend), giving you the book, hopes to receive it back pure. And has to be. If you agree with me that it is useful to emphasize in books, you will have to buy own copies. Fortunately, the majority of the best books of the world are widely available in printing editions today. It is possible to own the book differently. It is possible to buy it, having paid money as we buy clothes or furniture. However receiving the property right to the book - only a prelude to the real possession of it. Really you will seize the book only when it becomes part you. And a kratchashy way to they are to begin to emphasize and write in it. Allow to explain this thought on the following example. Present that you buy fillet of beef and you shift it from the refrigerator that in a butcher shop, in the refrigerator. You did not seize this fillet in the most important sense until you eat it and until its components get to your blood-groove. I claim that the book has to be absorbed in your blood-groove too if you want that it brought you some benefit. The confusion as regards means “to possess“ the book, leads to empty awe of paper, cover and paint - to a worship for craft of the publisher, but not the genius of the author. People forget that it is possible to seize ideas and beauty of great books, without putting the ex-libris on a cover. If the person has a big library, it does not mean yet that his reason is educated by all works which are available at its order. It means only the fact that it, his father or his wife were rather wealthy to buy books. Knigovladeltsev it is possible to divide into three types. The first type - at it is all standard multi-volume sets and best-sellers … on shelves, in full inviolability. (This ninny actually owns cellulose and ink, but not books.) The second type has many books some of which he read at the order, glanced over the majority, but all of them shine a whiteness of pages as if just left printing house. (This person would like to seize books, but he is disturbed by feeling of false respect for their appearance.) At the third type of a knigovladelets of books can be much or not really, but all of them with the bent corners and the become unstuck cover rumpled and frayed from continuous use, with underlinings and a dung on fields of pages. (This person really owns books.) You ask: to really store well published book with elegant cover - means to show false respect? Of course not. I would not begin to soil the signatures the first edition of “Paradise Lost“ as would not leave alone with Rembrandt`s original of the child armed with wax crayons. I would not begin to draw in a picture or a statue because their soul if it is so possible to tell, is inseparable from a body. And beauty of the magnificent collection edition is similar to beauty of a picture or statue. However the soul of the book can be separated from her body. The book is more similar to the score of the piece of music, than to a picture. No great musician will put an equal-sign between the symphony and the printed-out musical collection. Arturo Toskanini highly honors Brahms, but his personal score of the symphony “salt minor“ is so speckled by various marks and badges that nobody will understand it, except the maestro. The same reason which forces the great conductor to put new and new badges in the score has to push and to put you a dung in books. If to you respect for fine cover and a quality printing this way prevents to act, then buy more cheap edition and pay a tribute of respect to the author. Why it is so important to read with the handle in hands? In - the first, it will help you not to fall asleep. (And I mean not only not to be disconnected, but also not to lose attention.) In - the second, active reading is a reflection, and the reflection is expressed in words, oral or written. A large number a dung, as a rule, means that reading well comprehended material. At last, a dung on pages helps to remember what thoughts arose at you when reading the book or what ideas expressed her author. Allow to dwell upon each of these three points. If you took in hand the book not just to pass away time, reading has to be active. It is impossible to size up about read after a glance on the page. Of course, if you read some fiction of type of “Gone with the Wind“, active reading is not required. Books of entertaining character can be read it is weakened - you will lose nothing. But the great books rich with ideas and differing in original beauty, the books which are bringing up fundamental questions and trying to give on them the answer demand the most active relation to reading. John Dewey`s ideas are acquired not so easily as Rudi Velli`s chanson. They demand the analysis. And to analyze half-asleep - a thankless job. If upon termination of reading on pages of the book there was a set of your notes, then you read actively. The most “active“ reader from all to me the famous people are a president of the Chicago university of g - N Hutchence. At the same time, it has the most busy operating schedule from all whom I know. He reads books always with a pencil in a hand. Sometimes, having taken in the evening in hand the book and a pencil, he notices that he instead of intelligent comments begins to draw on fields, on its own expression, “factory on production of caviar“. When it occurs, it puts the book aside. He knows that he was too tired and reading will not bring him benefit. You can ask: why it is necessary to write something in the book? The matter is that when you write, mechanical memory works: information is remembered better. Having recorded the reaction to important words or offers in the read book, and also questions which they at you raised, you imprint the answer in memory and perfect the questions. Even if to write down any thoughts on a leaflet and then to throw out it, all the same the percent of the assimilation read will be much higher. But it is not obligatory to throw out a leaf at all. Fields (top, lower, lateral), endnote sheets and even intervals between lines in the text - all at your disposal. Paper is not sacred. And the best - that your comments and an other dung merge with the book and remain in it forever. You can take it from the shelf in a week or in a year, and in it there will still be your thoughts expressing a consent, disagreement, doubts or questions. As though you continued the interrupted conversation, and at the same time the thought was not lost: you picked up dialogue from that place on which stopped. Reading the book has to be it also. It has to remind conversation between you and the author. It is logical to assume that the author knows about a subject more you; naturally, you will treat it with the appropriate respect. But who will tell that the reader brings nothing in this conversation? Judgment - process bilateral; effectively to study, it is not enough to be the empty vessel ready to reception of information. The pupil has to ask questions to himself and the teacher. Having understood an answer essence, sometimes he has to even argue with the teacher. And a dung in the book - one of forms of expression of a consent or disagreement with her author. The dung in the book doing reading intelligent and the most useful can be different. Here what dung I use. Underlining (or allocation by a marker): the main points important or well formulated offers.
Vertical line sideways from the text - to select already underlined offer.
the Asterisk, an asterisk or other badge on fields - to designate ten - twenty most significant approvals of the book. A such dung it makes sense if to use it infrequently. (It is possible to bend a corner of the corresponding page also. The majority of books is printed presently on good paper so the book will not suffer from it, but you, having taken it from the shelf, will be able quickly to open the bent pages and to refresh the main ideas of the book in memory.) Numbering on fields - to designate sequence of uniform points. References to other pages of the book - to show where still the author speaks on the same subject; to connect together the similar ideas disseminated through different pages. The conclusion in a circle or highlighting of keywords or phrases.
of the Word and the offer on fields of the page - to write down questions (and, perhaps, answers) which were raised at you by the read text; to submit the difficult argument of the author in simpler form; to record sequence of the main thoughts of the author. On blank pages at the end of the book I usually make the index of the main points as their emergence in the book.
the forward fly-leaf is of Huge value for me. Someone leaves it for a beautiful sticker. I prefer to leave it for beautiful thoughts. Having finished reading the book and having made the index on the back fly-leaf, I open the forward fly-leaf and I try to make the plan of the book - not according to pages or the main points (I already made it on the last sheets), and in the form of the general structure in which all parts of the book would be integrated and ordered. I perceive this plan as an indicator of that, how well I understood the read work. The bewitched opponent of underlining in books could object that fields, interlower case intervals and fly-leaves make not much room for records. Well. How about a notebook of slightly smaller format, than the book - that its sheets did not look out from - under covers? Make the index, think over the plan and write down notes on sheets of a notebook and then insert them under a book cover.