How to choose safe ware?
the Choice of ware - difficult process for any hostess. A variety of types increases every day, but the consumer is still insufficiently informed on features of this or that ware. Therefore economical hostesses often choose kitchen utensils, being guided by the price, but not by quality, a practicality and safety, considering that “the cheaper, the better“.
But not any ware suits for frying or storage of products. Considering it, before purchase it is necessary to study carefully functional characteristics of different types of ware.
of the Hostess love it for what the porridges cooked in it do not burn. But in it is that and danger is concealed: together with porridge aluminum gets to an organism. Acids and alkalis of many products destroy a protective layer from aluminum oxide therefore it gets to food. Therefore in aluminum ware it is not recommended to prepare sour, hot dishes and vegetables. It is also impossible to clean aluminum abrasives: it will damage a thin layer of oxide, and metal can get to food.
But in aluminum ware it is very convenient to boil water and milk because it does not burn, and also to cook not sour vegetables. You should not store products in such pan only.
the Enameled wareit by right can call
the safest for preparation and storage of food. But it is safe only until integrity of enamel is broken. If you dropped such pan and on its internal surface enamel broke away, then you can send without regrets a pan for deserved rest. Remember that the food cooked in the damaged ware will be sated with ions of metals from which the enamel covering protects products. When cleaning such ware it is necessary to forget about the abrasives breaking integrity of enamel.
Pay attention and to color of an enamel covering: avoid bright flowers as they in a large number can contain compounds of metals. Give preference to white, beige, gray, black or blue enamel.
Ware from stainless steel
Such ware is an alloy of iron, nickel and chrome. This alloy is steady against the acid and alkaline environment therefore from stainless steel it is possible to prepare and store any products in ware. Stainless steel easily washes without abrasives which only scratch a brilliant surface. And if the dish burned, and at the bottom of a pan the crust was formed, then it is worth filling in it with detergent with water and to put on fire.
But from some products the surface of a pan can change color. It is also not necessary to leave an empty pan on fire, otherwise on metal stains can appear.
Ware with a teflon covering
Is not new ware, and only already known to us aluminum or steel, having an additional layer of teflon on an internal surface. This covering still call antiprigarny, but you should not be under a delusion: the food can easily burn down, only the pan from it will not be damaged.
The main minus of a teflon covering is its fragility: in such ware it is impossible to use metal shovels, spoons, forks and knives. So do not forget to get a wooden shovel for stirring of food in ware with teflon. One more important aspect is that teflon evaporates when heating more than by 200 degrees. Many scientists consider that vapors of teflon can negatively be reflected on health.
Pig-iron wareThis ware is known for
to us since the childhood: poultry roasters and cauldrons with pilaf. Even if you never saw pig-iron ware, you without effort will be able to distinguish it, having taken in hand. Pig-iron frying pans and cauldrons very heavy, but it promotes uniform distribution of heat: products do not burn and prepare quicker, and the food remains hot longer. To cast iron acid and alkali are not terrible, on such frying pan it is possible even to cut products, without being afraid to scratch a surface. The pig-iron the dishes also very easily are washed.
But cast iron - metal fragile therefore you should not check frying pans for durability, dropping them. One more lack of cast iron is predisposition to corrosion. Therefore do not leave such ware in water and carefully wipe after washing.
Ware from heat resisting glass and ceramics
This type of ware appeared relatively recently, but already managed to win hearts of hostesses.
The glasswares can be used for cooking in an oven, the microwave oven and even on a plate. Glass and ceramics easily transfer cold therefore in them it is possible to freeze products. And the biggest plus is ease of washing of glass and ceramic ware.
But such saucepans are afraid of temperature drops: you should not put hot capacity under cold water. The ware can also burst if to leave it empty on fire. Silicone ware Silicone forms and rugs it is difficult to
ware true, but nevertheless the food in them should be cooked sometimes. It is very difficult to find minuses in this ware: transfers temperature to 250 degrees, the food in it does not burn and is easily taken out, is suitable for use in an oven, the microwave oven. And also in such ware it is possible to freeze products. And the main thing and the most important property of silicone is compactness: you can curtail a form, and it will take very few place.
Plastic wareThough this ware is also not intended to
for cooking, but it is quite convenient to transport and warm food or tea in it. Such ware happens several types: for cold products, for hot products, disposable, not for food, for use in the microwave oven. And each look it is necessary to use only for designated purpose .
Especially harmful the ware from melamine is considered . Cups - bowls from such material resemble ceramics superficially, but actually are plastic. It is forbidden for sale as does harm to health: its structure included formaldehyde which can cause irritation of skin and an eye, a disease of a liver of a stomach and the top airways. Except formaldehyde, lead, cadmium and magnesium which do harm to health too are its part.
The ware in shops is designed for the most experienced buyer. In order that it is correct to choose a piece of kitchen utensils, define at first as you are going to use it. For storage of food use the enameled, steel, glass and ceramic ware, and for milk warming up - aluminum. The choice for you! It was necessary only to glance in shop.