What the skullcap will tell about?
In ancient times the skullcap could tell a lot of things about the owner. Reading a pattern which embroidered a skullcap, it was possible to define easily, than its owner and from where he is was engaged. Today, to a great regret, people forgot to understand language of patterns on east headdresses.
The name “skullcap“ comes from the Turkic word “tyube“ that “top“ means.
In Central Asia skullcaps appeared long before penetration of Moslem doctrine there. For example, on badakhshansky skullcaps the symbolics ancient ariyev was embroidered.
Unlike our contemporaries, ancient people carried skullcaps not on the tops, and completely closed them a forehead, even to the eyebrows. On ancient beliefs, thus they covered from influence of negative energy the “third eye“. And cone-shaped headdresses those days allegedly served for communication of the person with space.
There were also children`s skullcaps. They were put on the heads to newborn babies as a charm. Children`s skullcaps had the cone-shaped form with the tesemochka which is hanging down from a top with a brush on its end. Often under such cone-shaped hat hid a braid on the boy`s head which served as a symbol of its belonging to the elected children.
With arrival to Central Asia of Islam the role of a skullcap changed. According to the Scripture, the devout Muslim it was forbidden to appear in public places without headdress. Then the skullcap turned into an element of a men`s religious suit, and also became its main ornament.
However skullcaps have also more practical function. As we know, the climate of Central Asia very hot and the most part of a season the sun scorches mercilessly. In such climate of a skullcap from cotton fabric perfectly protect the head from the sun. And during a dream serve even as a nightcap.
To the middle of the 19th century in Central Asia there was a big variety of styles of skullcaps. Were both cone-shaped, and hemispherical, square and flat there.
The ornament on skullcaps also differed in the variety and served as expression of local color and the imagination of east skilled workers. Sometimes the ornament could tell a story of the time. So, in one private collection the skullcap with the car of the Victory brand embroidered on it remained.
In last times the headdress indicated the status of the one who carried it, and its belonging to different sectors of society. So, zolotoshveyny skullcaps were carried in the east only by representatives of aristocratic estate, and also people who were awarded such valuable present.
Differs as well a pattern on the skullcaps embroidered in different areas.
For example, Pamir skilled workers still use Aryan symbolics in the work. Badakhshansky skullcaps can be recognized by a combination of red, green, blue and white flowers in a geometrical ornament. In the north of Tajikistan skullcaps usually have square shape and are zolotoshveyny. Embroider there usually birds, often fantastic. In Khatlon Region of Tajikistan skullcaps embroider in the flowers, branches and leaves.
The most popular pattern in the countries, neighboring to Tajikistan, the white almonds embroidered on a black skullcap are considered. Such skullcap is the integral attribute of a suit of the Muslim man without which it will not be neither on a wedding, nor on a funeral, nor to the mosque.
often embroider with White threads on a black skullcap also four pods of burning pepper. It is considered that burning pepper will frighten off evil spirits, and four of its pods will protect the man`s head from four parts of the world.
Now when you meet on the street of the person in a skullcap, get accustomed more attentively to its pattern, there can be he will tell you the story.