Gooseberry: what its history?
When and how the gooseberry on Earth appeared? Authentically we do not know. In monastic books in Russian lands the most ancient mention of it is dated the 11th century, in the European distances - later. It is curious that ancestors our distances the berry which then nicknamed “northern grapes“ a name “áĺđńĺíü“, and knows well that the root “ber“ was meant by “bear“. And the Moscow Bersenevskaya Embankment starts from thickets kryzhovenny that took place there, being put according to the order of the sovereign Ivan III. Though there were also other names: “Agra“, “roofs“.
Generally that there was till the 11th century, is difficult to understand now, though it is obvious that this bush was known also to a doprezhda. And how you will prove? Yes at least a fact that as berry culture it had to get in some way to monasteries, and on this distribution of year - decade and more that will be a little.
And what in Europe? There France where, since the 15th century beginning appears the chronological leader, began to cultivate a gooseberry. The Parisian Jean Ruel described it so: “Bushes are armed with thorns, leaves are similar to a celery, berries white, with pleasant acid. In an unripe state are used for sauces and soups. When maturing become sweet, but during rich lunches neglect them. Berries always have success in pregnant women“.
Slightly later Germany decided that this bush as green hedges is good, and then and Great Britain, having estimated taste of berries, very much conceived a liking for cultivation of ours bersenya. Gardeners began to remove a grade behind a grade, pursuing a krupnoplodnost. And strongly succeeded in that.
Here that still interestingly: in different districts appropriated to a gooseberry various names. In the same England, for example, it was called “goose berry“ because very much the local population liked sauce kryzhovenny that moved to roast goose; residents of Germany christened “prickly berry“ or “A Christ`s sloe“ - for thorns on branches; Italians named “shchetinisty grapes“, and French decided that best of all it suits a pro-rank “fatty“ - elastic such fruit as if mumpish. And in Latin it is called as Grossularia - a small unripe fig.
Russians, especially when in the middle of the XIX century the gooseberry became a symbol of middle class, too seriously became interested in productivity of a berry bush. And at once “pecked“ on achievements of British who as soon as did not go all out with removal of large-fruited grades. You judge, - they managed to bring the weight of the grown-up berries to 50 - 80 grams.
Alas, by this time the gooseberry stepped over borders of East hemisphere and it appeared in America, and there underwent an unpleasant infection that is called mealy dew. The European grades - all at all - it were subject, and it was necessary to select new. Here therefore we also cannot estimate unsurpassed taste of a former gooseberry that was as speak, both more largely, and more tasty now. However, and present it suits for the most different culinary works. But it is worth talking about it separately …
Krom of gastronomic advantages the gooseberry has also others. In particular, its flowers enjoy wide popularity at bees. It is counted that from one hectare of kryzhovenny landings they collect up to one hundred kilograms of honey. Now, as experts speak, there are already more than three thousand grades of a bush among which very amusing names come across. Well, here, for example: The May duke, the Cheerful printer, the Growling lion, Dan`s Mistake, the Beauty from Mo, the Beautiful wife of the miller, the Cheerful red nose, Just In Case, the Hare in a bush, the Wing of a jay, Kolobok, the Northern captain. And you what prefer?