How our compatriots took part in the Warsaw revolt?
are Not enough. Disappointingly a little we know about the compatriots who were taking part in the Warsaw revolt...
In revolt, but not in its suppression. With the last it is slightly simpler. On that side of barricades, on the German side, there were 800 soldiers and officers of two battalions 1 - go East - a Muslim regiment, 1700 - Kaminsky`s crew, more than one thousand - the Cossack police battalion 57 - go a security regiment, 250 - konvoyno - security one hundred. And still - 69 - y the Cossack battalion 5 - go the Kuban regiment under command of the colonel Bondarenko, the Ukrainian police battalion “shutsmanshaft - 31“ later poured in a division CC “Galichina“ (P. Dyachenko`s company).
It was easier for them. Each of them in hands had a weapon. On the earth they were supported by artillery and tanks, from air - aircraft. They were at war in the parts incorporating services of providing and support. Including offices. Therefore on the remained archives it is possible to establish by name all those who together with parts CC took part in suppression of the Warsaw revolt. Perhaps, someone once will also make it. But I have no such desire.
With those who were at war on the Polish side, much more difficult. Even their exact quantity is unknown. The Polish historians consider that they were “about sixty“. And to specify, ask - how many? - there is nobody. All of them died. Any of those who joined on August 1, 1944 risen, did not survive by October 2 when from the city, under the guise of civilians, with Gustav`s “chvartaka“ or other groups of Army the last participants of revolt left Craiova. None of our compatriots then, in the first days of October 44 - go, broke on the right coast of Vistula.
And now … It is very difficult to find some documents. 63 days of continuous fights. Who then thought of some pieces of paper? The weapon, ammunition - here the main thing. Without them it was impossible to be at war and resist to this German, and not only German, relics. And pieces of paper … They can wait. Then. If there is time. But it is that just and did not remain.
Therefore it is difficult for Polish historians to establish now names even of the compatriots from which more than two hundred thousand lay down those August and September days on streets of Warsaw. Ponder - 200 thousand! What, in comparison with this huge figure - 60 Russians?. A small, small drop in the huge sea. But here the Slovak participants of revolt was even less. And today in Slovakia write the whole books about them.
We have no such books. It is difficult even to tell how many the Russian platoons were in both armies - both in Craiova, and in Lyudova - two or three. But some, let and scanty, information nevertheless was saved. Based on it, one may say, that the most part of our compatriots who took part in revolt are the frontier guards unbound on Danilovichevskaya by Kozakevich`s (“Barry“) group at the very beginning of August who were taken prisoner in the first days of war. Having undergone testing in insurgent gendarmerie, all of them acquired the right to define independently - what concrete insurgent parts they can join. And it in spite of the fact that as a part of “canaries“ as called gendarmes among risen, there were many extremely right nationalists.
The most part of frontier guards a separate platoon joined structure 3 - go a battalion of Army of Lyudova, acting in historic center of Warsaw - Old Myasta (the Old City). The division practically ceased to exist at the beginning of September when Germans managed to liquidate the last centers of resistance in this area. But the frontier guards still surviving did not give up and did not lay down arms. For the first days of war and three years of captivity which followed behind them at them too much from what it was necessary to show for payment to Germans collected. And on collecting pipes they passed into the northern suburb of the Polish capital - to Zholibozh.
Other, smaller part of our compatriots who took part in the Warsaw revolt are the prisoners running from a concentration camp of “Varshau“. They could not create separate division and one by one joined those groups of Army Craiova which it managed to be found in Old Myasta or on Zholibozhe.
The “Red Army man Grisha“ who remained in the history of revolt was one of such, former prisoners of a concentration camp of “Varshau“. The sniper who was at war in group of Army Craiova of “Belt“ on Old Myasta. Well, the person of Polish did not know! Only could also explain to the new comrades in arms that Grisha it. Red Army man Grisha. But ignorance of language did not prevent it to be the skillful and fearless fighter who from distance in eighty meters, having near at hand old German “Mauser“ with the cut front sight and the cut-off trunk, could kill eight during some moments and wound one more German who was moving ahead to an insurgent barricade on Belyanskaya under cover of the tank.
Grisha will receive one of the most honourable Polish awards handed for the exclusive personal courage shown in fight for this fight - the Cross Brave. It it was also remembered by all that who then, in August 44 - go, was near it, on Old Myast`s barricades. And still by the fact that, stirring the Russian and Polish words, dreamed of how here - here, a day more - another, the Red Army will approach and they it is set further, on the West. To beat the German. To beat together.
But to these dreams it was not fated to come true. Grisha died at the beginning of September. In the same place, on Old Myasta. He did not move to Zholibozh any more. Both now, probably, nobody ever learns how actually called Grisha - the Red Army man.
But we know other name. On Zholibozhe, from the very beginning of August, as a part of the first company Hedgehogs of Zdrodovsky (“Kvarchany“) entering into the group of Army defending creamery Craiova “Bison“ the separate “Russian“ platoon battled. History kept to us a name of his commander: Victor Bashmakov (“Engineer“).
The frontier guards who moved to Zholibozh in August being separate division a part 3 - go a battalion of Army of Lyudova, and all last defenders of Old Myast from among our former prisoners of war also joined this platoon. Zholibozh which is cut off from the main forces practically at the very beginning of revolt with firmness kept all September. And even slightly longer - before the capitulation of Warsaw. And she capitulated at the beginning of October.
On September 23 Germans, having applied heavy artillery, aircraft and tanks, forced out landed week earlier on the left coast of Vistula, near the southern and northern suburbs of Warsaw - Chernyakuva and Zholibozha, a landing 1 - y Armies of Army Polish as a part of six strengthened battalions. And in seven days when it became clear that renewal of landing operation is not expected, command of insurgents practically did not have other option how to begin negotiations on capitulation with the commander of the German troops in Warsaw by the general CC Erich von der Bach - Zelevski.
In this situation insurgents of Zholibozha made the independent decision - to break to Vistula in the night of September 30 for October 1. All those who else survived group of the senior lieutenant Bashmakov also went for break. Several PPSh submachine guns, plus guns - all this that they could oppose to the German automatic machines, machine guns, guns and tanks … None of them were fated to reach even Vistula.
On the right coast only 20 people from group of the captain Jan Benkovsky (“Swede the Shanyavsky“) were transported. Russians among them was …
Yes, today we almost know names of our compatriots who were taking part in the Warsaw revolt. But we know another. In total 63 days while in Warsaw and its suburbs there were fights, together with Poles, side by side, on the left coast of Vistula courageously, with firmness and selflessly battled against them also Russians. Also they fought for a right cause …