How to arrange the continuous fruitful conveyor of bean on the site?
in the Summer happy owners of seasonal dachas and kitchen gardens especially strongly want to feed with seven vitamin vegetables from the bed. However children quite often refuse to eat tasty salads, preferring them not so useful sweets.
But there is a culture which is esteemed even by the biggest pigheads. Most of all they love its pleasant sweet taste and an opportunity to regale directly from a bed. It is about favourite bean culture - about peas . It contains the mass of vitamins (And, B1, V2, RR, S, E), and also iron, iodine, calcium, phosphorus, potassium, magnesium, amino acids, antioxidants, cellulose. Many vegetarians appreciate it the high content of vegetable protein.
However the advantage is not the only advantage of culture. Along with others bean, peas are a fine siderat . By means of klubenkovy bacteria it plentifully enriches the soil with nitrogen. And the most part of this element in plants falls on the blossoming period. During maturing of seeds the amount of nitrogen in leaves decreases, but it increases in peas.
Peas are excellent the predecessor practically for all cultures. But it is not necessary to return it on the former place within 4 - 6 years as it is inclined to defeat by various diseases, such as different types of spottiness, root decayed, mealy dew and others.
Feature of peas is its cold constancy . It is possible to begin to land seeds to in advance prepared, fertilized soil at the end of April when temperature still can make 1 - 2 °C and he will transfer even short-term spring frosts. The best temperature for peas during vegetation - 13 - 15 °C, during development of beans - 18 - 20 °C.
It is necessary to consider also that peas - hygrophilous culture . It is one more reason of early crops - in the middle of the spring in the soil there is enough moisture which it can consume from depth of one meter thanks to a rod root. It is necessary to carry out waterings once a day prior to blossoming and two times - during blossoming.
When jumping peas in several stages you can receive the continuous fruitful conveyor this culture. It is possible to use different grades and to taste them during the whole summer. At the choice of a grade you can be guided by own preferences. For example, among summer residents two types of grades of peas are most widespread.
Sugar grades have juicy shutters which can be used together with peas. They are usually called “sugar shovels“. Though children nevertheless like to eat them in the favourite ways: to clean and eat peas, directly without departing from a bed, or to fill the pockets full with sugar pods and to carry them home.
Peas of sugar grades can begin to be broken from a bush in 7 - 10 days after the beginning of blossoming. During this period pods especially sweet of - for high content of sugars. And if to collect their time in 2 - 3 days, then the harvest promises to be the highest.
of shelling grades to food have only grains as shutters have a rough pergament layer. Nevertheless, and such peas have excellent sweet, even sugar taste and also are loved by both children, and adults. The period from shoots before receiving a harvest makes 55 - 75 days, depending on a grade.
Peas can perfectly decorate your land plot if you make for it a support . It is necessary also because when filling seeds it becomes difficult to fragile stalk to hold them - the plant quickly polegat. Besides, when using a support this photophilous culture accepts enough sunshine. And in the “saved“ territory you will be able to land something else.
It is simple to make a support - rather vertically to strengthen several stakes on bed length, having pulled between them ropes, or to use the metal gauze. Inhabitants of the southern regions of Russia as a support use even sunflower. In other words, show the imagination, decorate a site and receive big harvests of peas.
As well as peas, haricot needs “support“ - the same mechanisms of creation of a support will be suitable for it. Besides, it is also very useful to vegetarians as on the content of digestible proteins this product is close to fish and meat. Difference of this culture from peas is that it does not transfer frosts . Therefore it is necessary to sow it at the end of May, and at strong falls of temperature it is better to cover plants with ukryvny material. Through two - three weeks since the beginning of blossoming you can already reap a crop and use haricot in cookery as it is pleasant to you.
Asparagus haricot perfectly is suitable for the use in a boiled, stewed look as a garnish, and also for conservation and freezing. Feature of asparagus haricot is that it, as well as sugar peas, does not contain a pergament layer in shutters and therefore in cookery it can be used “shovels“.
Fans of mashed potatoes, garnishes and soups from mature grains of haricot will prefer to grain grades . They are bush therefore will look after them more simply.
You should not forget also about beans ! Thanks to the tastes, they will be pleasant to both adults, and children. The period from shoots to technical ripeness of early ripe grades makes about 73 - 88 days; at mid-season grades - 105 - 115 days.
Many grades of beans can be grown up on any soils under any weather conditions. And their landings frighten off Colorado beetles and moles.
Bean are presented at the Russian market not so widely as many other cultures. However even you can use such rather small range on the site during the whole summer , putting consistently different grades and selecting them for taste and any to characteristics, important for you. All your family will be glad to such harvests.