What fur to choose for a winter headdress?
For what the headdress is necessary? Strange question. Of course, for protection against cold, a heat, snow, a rain, the sun. But simplicity and evidence of the answer are a little superficial. Our way of life and those conventions with which the person surrounds himself are made also by other requirements to which since ancient times there conform caps, hats, caps and hats.
Whatever defenders of the nature, but the best material for a winter headdress, than natural fur spoke, not to find. The variety of bellows allows to consider all requirements, both esthetic, and hygienic, operational and economic.
The sable is considered prestigious and expensive from time immemorial. The fur is extraordinary beautiful, possesses very dense, silky, gentle, soft and brilliant indumentum. Colors are various. Depending on a color of a skin are divided into seven categories.
Treat the first especially dark with a black awn and it is dark - blue down. The lightest, with chestnut, or even light-a chestnut awn and blue down with a sand shade at the basis belong to the seventh category. The price of fur of the first and seventh categories differs several times. It is a payment for beauty, on the wearproof and heat-shielding properties the sable does not concern to champions, though is obvious not the outsider.
Skin column small sizes, 35 - 50 centimeters. Indumentum is magnificent, soft or slightly rough. The fur is bright, it is dark - red. Often it is painted “ under a sable “ or “ under a mink “.
Smaller sizes at a skin of an ermine , 22 - 28 cm. The cover is short, but dense, brilliant, silky, snowy - white color. The tip of a tail is slightly covered with black pile.
The fur of a mink is widespread . It is not surprising, the mink is grown up by many fur farms. The color scale is extraordinary wide, from black to blue and yantarno - sapphire flowers. Than less often color, that high price meets.
On quality of a cover of fur distinguish skins with especially magnificent, silky brilliant hair, with less magnificent and silky, and also with tall it is bluish - brown indumentum.
Champions on wear resistance - furs of water animals among which there is a leader an otter . Skins are large, always brown color, but different shades. The cover is equal, low shining, consisting of a rough awn and very dense silky down.
Quality of indumentum of a squirrel strongly depends on the place of production. Skins from Yakutia with especially magnificent, silky are considered the best, it is dark - a cover, gray with a bluish shade. Yakutia as decline in quality of a squirrel is followed by Transbaikalia, Amur, Lena, Altai, the Urals, Pechora and the center of Russia.
Depending on coloring the fur of a fox is divided into several groups: ordinary, a sivodushka, a mud diver, serebristo - black, serebristo - black belomordy, platinum, platinum belomordy and snow. Snow fox the most valuable.
Pestsovy skins also classify by flowers: extra, the first and second. Extra - pure light-blue or blue tone with a veil of graphitic color. The first - it is dark - blue, light-blue and blue tone, the insignificant brown shade is allowed. The second - light-, or it is dark - brown color with a blue shade.
Wear resistance of bellows is estimated in points. Wear resistance of fur of an otter is taken for a standard, it is estimated by 100 points. Further, in decreasing order, sledt: a beaver - 90 points, a seal (80), a mink (70), astrakhan fur, a marten, a wolf, a dog, a sable (60), a muskrat and a polar fox (55), a sheepskin and a nutria (50), a fox (45), a polecat (40), an ermine and a groundhog (35), columns and protein (25), a wild cat and a gopher (20), a rabbit (15), a mole (10). The list of fur of a hare and hamster, their assessment - 5 points close.
Heat-shielding properties of fur depend on density and height of indumentum. The longest time will allow to keep fur of a headdress observance of simple rules.
Whenever possible protect fur from dust and dampness. The become wet fur needs to be stirred up and dried up, without smoothing down pile, then to beat out and comb slightly. Never leave headdresses near heating and heating devices. Good luck.