With whom war paid that it broke it “ from scope and without mercy “?
on October 26, 1842, 165 years ago, in a family of the Cherepovets landowner Vasily Vereshchagin the boy named in honor of the father by Vasily was born. It was the second child in a family, and in general Anna Pavlovna, the wife of the leader of the nobility of the Cherepovets county of the Novgorod province, gave rise to the husband of 12 children out of whom only seven drove.
However, Vasily Vasilyevich - the senior married not for some special love and to improve the financial position. And so until the end of life also could not “ to adapt “ to explosive, hot temper of the spouse at whom in veins the fair share not Tatar, not the Turkish blood flew. That is why the father of family himself tried to control children, without trusting the second half. And than Vasily Vasilyevich - younger became more senior, with deep concern the father found that in him traits of character of mother: uncontrollability, obstinacy, conflictness. The only person who could operate Vasya there was a kind nurse Anna Larionovna.
When the boy was eight years old, parents sent him to Juvenile military school, and in three years defined it in the St. Petersburg Sea military school where he carried out long seven years. Exactly here young Vereshchagin was fond of drawing, and in 1858 began to attend school of the St. Petersburg Society of encouragement of arts.
In 1860, having brilliantly ended the case, Vereshchagin decided not to continue service, and to resign to come to Academy of Arts. Vasily Vasilyevich - the senior tried to influence the decision of the son, but it is vain. And then the father in a rush of anger laid out “ the last “ argument: or you arrive as I told, or will not receive from me kopek any more!
How you think what decision was made by the son? Naturally, chose the way and it appeared in the environment of young talents. But study was here not such what it was imagined by Vereshchagin. Academism and traditional character, the slow course and big group of mediocrities - here that was found by the young man in academy. And his soul was eager for actions, blood raged. Also everything ended with the fact that in protest the student Vereshchagin tore in scraps in the face of all almost finished picture “ Beating of grooms of Penelope by the come-back Ulysses “. It was going to be expelled from Academy, but his teachers of painting supposedly rose in defense if to expel such students, then with whom we will remain?
But after a while Vereshchagin did not sustain this stagnation and went to the Caucasus, at that time very restless with own eyes to see courage of the best sons of Russia. But all dirt and wretchedness of military routine did not inspire the young master of a brush too. Having spat everything, he left to Paris, in a workshop of the famous Frenchman Ge. Gerome. However, and in full bourgeois heart of Europe Vasily sustained a little more than a year, having left behind new impressions on open spaces of our immense homeland.
Perhaps, none of all artists of the middle and the end of the 19th century rushed about on various corners of Europe and Asia it is a lot of as Vereshchagin. Where only its destiny did not throw: Danube and Crimea, Central Asia and countries of Western Europe, Syria, Palestine, Japan, USA. And that the most interesting, to the middle 60 - x years Vasily Vasilyevich, apparently, groped that line to which he will adhere until the end of the days. Shortly before death he will tell: “ I all life beat war from scope and without mercy! “.
On the account at the artist participation, at least, in three wars: in military operations of the Russian troops in Turkistan (1867 - 1870), in russko - Turkish (1877 - 1878), and, at last, and russko - Japanese (1904 - 1905). And the main creation of a brush of Vereshchagin without exaggeration is “ Deification of war “ which the artist on a frame signed so: “ It is devoted to all grand conquerors - last, real and future “.
To the uninitiated person not to understand why the artist heated up the whole mountain from human skulls against the city destroyed by war and the charred trees. But originally the picture reflected as a reminder on campaigns of the Central Asian conqueror of the end of XIV - the beginning of the 15th century of Tamerlan whose troops left behind just the same pyramids. And to all who gather in a campaign especially up in arms, it is just necessary to take this medicine (I mean viewing of a picture) at least three times a day for 15 minutes. An eagerness to fight itch, you look, and will subside.
And in pictures of the artist the soldier became the main character. Most often unknown, but with persistence and firmness transferring all difficulties of a camp life, ready to give both health, and life for the sake of protection of those who became object of aggression. Look at the faces of courageous defenders of Shipki in the triptych “ On Shipka everything is quiet “ or in the picture “ At a fortification. Let will enter “. Unknown heroes, but their feat, thanks to the artist`s brush, is immortal.
Vereshchagin`s pictures were appreciated. Not casually Pavel Mikhaylovich Tretyakov often got Vasily Vasilyevich`s pictures that is called not dried up. And bitterly regretted when did not manage to make it, Vereshchagin, possessing explosive character, could make with the works anything, up to their destruction. Once, when to it very much got from criticism, and it is unreasonable, Vasily Vasilyevich burned three cloths which are of undoubted art value at once: “ Forgotten “ “ Surrounded - pursue “ and “ Entered “.
War in an embrace with death overtook the artist on March 31, 1904 to the Port - Artur, onboard a battleship “ Petropavlovsk “. It stood on the deck and did sketches when at 9 hours 34 minutes mornings the battleship ran into the Japanese mines. Moments later the torpedo cellar and boilers of a battleship blew up. In one and a half minutes “ Petropavlovsk “ having buried a nose in water, went to depths of the Yellow Sea. From more than seven hundred people of team other ships picked up only seven officers and fifty two sailors. Vereshchagin among them was not …