When there were coins?
of 5300 years Etts in the Alps the prehistoric hunter, fatally wounded an arrow with a stone tip lay in a valley glacier. When it was found and scientists surveyed, it turned out that he held in strong clenched hand the most valuable thing which it had with itself - a small copper plate. It was money.
So history of coins would begin if... if it was the truth. There was in a fist no money. But there was an invention of the student who was wishing to receive an excellent assessment for the paper and thought up such drama detail.
This history was picked up by mass media and continue to chew still, confusing broad masses of workers. So there are myths.
It is considered that the first metal coins appeared only in the 8th century BC in China. They from copper were minted. A century later the first gold coins were rapped out.
Lydia - the powerful slaveholding state which was located in the western part of Asia Minor became their homeland. However, coins were not absolutely gold. In Lydia fields in which gold was in an alloy with silver were developed. This alloy is called elektrumy. Coins were also made of it.
The most ancient coins which date of stamping is known are the coins minted in Lydia (Asia Minor) in 685 - 652. The first it is mentioned by Herodotus, reporting that lidiyets were “ the first of people... minting and using gold and silver coins in the use... “.
Lydia did extensive business Greece and the east neighbors. Therefore after a coin extended to all zone of the Greek civilization to the Mediterranean and the Persian power.
During an era of the mature slaveholding relations in Ancient Greece and Rome gold and silver played the leading role in monetary circulation though in parallel with them in the use there were also copper coins.
For convenience of calculations at commercial transactions lidiyets introduced into circulation a gold stamping coin - a stater on which the running fox - a symbol of the main lidiysky god Bassarey was represented.
However the present gold address was entered in the 6th century BC by the legendary lidiysky tsar Krez minting coins weighing 11 g from gold of scatterings of the river of Asia Minor Paktol. They were called “ krezeida “
A century later gold coins became current in Persia. After a gain of Lydia the Persian tsar Cyrus gold coins began to mint also in other countries of the Middle East.
Darik - coins of the tsar of Persia Darius I on which he is represented shooting a bow were widely adopted, for example.
After defeat of the Persian power in the 4th century BC. Alexander of Macedon became the richest person of all times and the people, having taken not less than four thousand tons of gold from treasuries of the Persian tsars.
It is natural that during a Hellenism era high-quality gold stater with its profile weighing 7,27 g
From 3rd century BC were the most reliable money gold coins began to mint in Rome. Romans were fated to call a new product a coin - the monetary yard was in Juno`s temple - Coins, products of the yard began to call coins.
Emergence of gold coins in Russia is connected with time of the prince Vladimir Svyatoslavovich. At the very end of the 18th century, in 1792, the first Old Russian coin was found in Kiev. It was found among church privesok to icons. It was the silver coin of the prince Yaroslav the Wise.
And in several years also the first gold Russian coin - a zlatnik of the prince Vladimir became known. The weight of a zlatnik - about 4 grams. From a zlatnik there was the Russian unit of weight - a zolotnik (4,266 g).
Now it is possible to consider established that stamping of the first coins in Russia began at Vladimir, at the end of the X century.