You bought a cactus - what`s next? the Step-by-step instruction of
in recent years on counters of flower shops in wide assortment cactuses from nurseries of Europe appeared. For quite reasonable price it is possible to buy adult plants, without troubling itself crops of seeds or fuss with “ children “.
But business is business with the capitalist grin. For cultivation of such cactuses huge greenhouses are built. First of all everything is directed to the maximum receiving profit here. Therefore plants are grown up with use of fertilizers and growth stimulators. As a rule, it is various hybrids, about purity of a look and the speech cannot be.
So, in flower shop some big-eyed kaktusenok pierced your heart with the prickles. Blinded and touched you are ready to buy it immediately. It is not necessary to hurry then bitterly not to regret. First of all it is necessary to examine attentively a plant literally from legs to the head, and it is desirable with a magnifying glass. At detection of reddish congestions on the top, between edges, some soft wadded balls on the soil, suspicious spots on a stalk it is better to refuse purchase.
The matter is that these hothouse cactuses are quite often infected by such dangerous wreckers as a red web kleshchik, mealy chervets (soil and stem), nematodes, gallitsa. If you are ready to fight for life of the pleasant plant, buy and battle.
I not for nothing used above the word “ big-eyed “: it is one more wrecking on cactuses, but from hands human. Suppliers just barbarous fix in a pursuit of profit on plants any eyes, ears and florets. At the same time the long needles which are deeply stuck in a stalk, or terrible glue which cannot be torn off nothing without consequences for a plant are used. Certainly, all this jewelry serves for involvement of the ignorant buyer, though turns cactuses into cripples.
If to you “ has the luck “ to become the owner of such cactus, it is necessary to exempt it from this jewelry immediately. But be ready that the plant steadily will suffer: needles cannot often be pulled out, and glue does not want to be removed at all, only by means of an edge. The got wounds will drag on over time, but hems will remain forever. It is even worse when flowers are pasted on the top: this cactus will not be able to grow because growth point at it is tightly filled in with this superglue.
Surely it is necessary to keep a new cactus about two weeks on quarantine, separately from other houseplants. If wreckers unnoticed at once or diseases suddenly will be found. And it will be necessary to observe its adaptation: in total - it is free life, but not in shop on the dark shelf. For this reason it is not necessary to put at once it on the sun, it is necessary pritenyat at first, otherwise not to avoid burns.
The following step - change in new soil. There are two options: change to the new soil with full removal of old. And change - transfer with preservation of a peat hothouse lump. Irrespective of the chosen option, first of all it is necessary to take a cactus from a pot and to carefully examine roots and the soil. At detection of sick roots they need to be cut off. If in the soil there are wreckers, about transfer and the speech cannot be - only change after careful washing of roots.
Change needs to be made at once after purchase. To soak a peat lump in warm water and to wash out roots. Then after drying within 1 - 2 days to put a cactus in fresh dry pochvosmes. On the one hand, any more there is no risk of manifestation of the hidden wreckers. But on the other hand, such change is quite extreme because it is impossible to remove this peat without break of roots. There is a risk that the plant will not cope with this stress and will die, without having managed to get used to absolutely new soil at once and to increase roots.
Transfer is less traumatic for the plant which got to new conditions. A cactus together with an old lump “ native “ soils transfer to a bigger pot, dosypav at the edges the pochvosmes. It will be easier for it to adapt to new conditions, without spending force for restoration of roots. But there is a risk to miss in the depth of the soil of wreckers. And further when waterings this hothouse part of peat soil will strongly dry up and injure backs. And in general the soil in a pot will be moistened very unevenly.
One more moment: when it is possible to water the replaced cactus? If there was a change with washing, then to put only to the dry soil and to water not earlier, than in a week. If there was a transfer without trauma of roots, then it is already possible to water in couple of days.
Anyway it is necessary to proceed from a concrete situation. To remember the main thing that the injured roots have to dry up, drag on surely, otherwise rotting will go.
After adaptation of a cactus to new conditions and gradual schooling to a sunlight it can be exposed on a window sill. Further to look after, as well as behind other cactuses.