The most female cold weapon now. What it? Part 1.
you think that small, compact, easy and … Here not!
A two-meter cudgel with the sharpest bent edge, something reminding a traditional Japanese sword. Well, rather all this is a sword with the longest handle. Also this miracle is called the exotic word - a naginata. In Japanese this word from two hieroglyphs. First hieroglyph 長 means a staff, and the second 刀 - curved sword. In a literal translation “ long sword “ or “ a sword on a staff “.
A naginata edge in length from 30 to 60 cm (in the ancient time length of an edge reached 1,5 m!) it is ground to shaving sharpness. Not to be cut, in marching situation on a blade did a special sheath.
The naginata staff oval - as the sword handle, besides, this staff sometimes was braided as well as a handle of a sword and even did on it protection for hands - a tsub whom we observe also on samurai swords.
On other edge of a staff it is attached so-called “ ishizuk “ - the metal cap which is (often pointed), playing a counterbalance role to an edge, and also carrying out fighting function that allowed to use both ends of the weapon in fight.
The gentle bush of chrysanthemums
the Heavy leg crushed.
Gloss of an armor deprives of
of Will weak in spirit.
But is sharp a naginata! Kitaro`s
Konechno, a naginata was not always purely female weapon. Got to ancient Japan from China (there the similar weapon is called dadao), changed according to cultural and craft traditions of ancient Japan, the naginata became the universal weapon combining advantages of a sword, a spear and a pole. The Mechepodobny tip allowed to strike the cutting and pricking blows, length - allowed to conduct a battle at a long distance, a middle part - to block blow of a sword or to push away the opponent, and it was possible to put with an end face (a reverse side of a staff) serious wounds even to the soldier in an armor. It is very effective at fight against several opponents. Initial power of a naginata was such is that began to teach it girls from samurai families which should not carry a sword (and to a naginat, I believe, it is possible). Wives and daughters of Samurais gave to training with naginaty as much time how many their husbands and brothers I mark. It is clear, that the female option of a naginata was easier and shorter. Owning skills of a naginat - to dzyuets (fight with naginaty) the fragile woman alone quietly coped with a gang of the bandits who got into the house.
By the way, during an era of warring provinces to Sengok (approximately 1400 - 1600) women with naginaty were not a rarity and in the battlefield. Sometimes women even became at the head of houses of soldiers as they studied the archery and methods of fencing on naginata allowing to fight back both the horse, and pedestrian opponent, without allowing near fight in which the woman could not cope with the man. At this time women quite often remained the last protection of locks. There are data that wives of commanders drove the whole women`s groups armed with naginata in fight. And female “ voluntary national teams “ like that that it is represented on an ancient Japanese engraving, were widespread everywhere.
The technology of fight of naginaty demands very well developed brushes and wrists for performance of the most various cutting and cutting movements. Naginata it is possible to describe various circles and the eights, holding it with one hand and periodically picking up another in various places for strengthening of blow; it is possible to strike the fixed powerful blows similar to equipment with similar blows in a classical kendo. Hands freely slide on a staff, and naginaty it is possible to carry out the letting-out blows, to actively intercept it from a hand in a hand and even to transfer to the return hold that did it especially effective in near fight. It is necessary to remember that the naginata is heavier than a spear, its edge is more, than its tip and therefore in a naginat - to dzyuets much attention is paid “ ha - gaes “ - to the art of fast rotation and interceptions of the weapon allowing to work naginaty with the same speed with what work as a spear.
At the same time also the second end which carried out both pokes, and otbiva, and the cutting blows was actively used. Working with the second end, it is easy to distract the opponent until it reveals, and it can strike blow with an edge. To cut to the person of a leg with this weapon or to cut a throat did not represent special work.
Possessing great skills, the person of one-and-a-half-meter growth is capable to capture space up to 35 square meters, being active naginaty with a one-and-a-half-meter staff and a meter tip. Naginata was often used by infantry for creation of free spaces during fight, for the subsequent attack of a cavalry.
In battle the soldier from naginaty was similar to a tornado. Only the soldier with firearms or … a dense system of the kopeyshchik armed 4 - x or even 5 - meter copies could cope with it. Therefore in the 16th century when to replace soldiers - singles tactically correct group battles came, the fighter with naginaty could not resist to a wall of a kopeyny horde any more. However, though the spear also forced out a naginata from fields of battles, it is not an izchezla, and moved to houses of soldiers where it was stored as the family value and important part given girls from a samurai family. The Samurai`s daughter, marrying, received a set of halberds in the form of a peculiar dowry. A special course of fencing on naginata of the daughter of the Samurai was taken before majority. During trainings in fencing on halberds boys had requirements to girls also perches, as well as when fencing on swords.
In addition, the naginata was decoration of houses of the high-ranking Samurais and trains of governors, and also scenery at wedding ceremonies.
To be continued …