How to grow up a crassula?
the Crassula, or a krassul (Crassula) , belong to Tolstyankovye`s family. In the nature more than 300 types of crassulas meet. On appearance they are very different: from grassy (ampelous and pochvopokrovny) to the kustovidny forms reminding a branchy tree. Among them there are succulents, and there are plants preferring damp habitats.
The following long-term types are most widespread in room culture as ornamental plants.
The crassula treelike (C. arborescens) is from Hugo - the Western and South Africa. In the people it is called still a monetary tree. This succulent plant with a thick trunk odrevesnevayushchy from below and a set of the branches which are densely stuck around by roundish brilliant leaflets. Leaves are sedentary, fleshy, dark-green, similar to brilliant coins, sometimes with reddish edges. At good leaving and favorable conditions the monetary tree grows to 1 - 1,5 m, and not only in height, but also in width. At the age of 10 years the crassula can please with the flowers of white or pink color appearing on the ends of stalks. This type of a crassula is suitable for formation bonsais.
The crassula lopatchaty (C. spathulata) is from the damp South African woods. It is a succulent - the semi-bush having creeping tetrahedral escapes, long and slaborazvetvlenny. On escapes actively grow the long air roots at an opportunity growing into the soil. Leaves okruglo - lopatchaty, reinforced, pilchaty on edge, on short scapes. In September - October there are white flowers collected in umbrella-shaped top inflorescences. On the center of petals are looked through light-pink stripes. This crassula demands regular watering during the whole year. It is desirable to support her at a temperature of 14 - 18 °C in the winter to avoid an ugly pulling of escapes at high temperature and a lack of light.
Cooper`s (C. cooperi) crassula - the undersized grassy succulent plant from South Africa growing in nature on sandy soils in a shadow of bushes. Its thin escapes with thick sedentary leaves in dense sockets form the whole dernina. Leaves at it flat, from below reddish, from above green with reddish points. Blossoms faintly - the pink flowers with a sweet smell collected in an umbrella-shaped inflorescence. Usually blossoming falls on summer months and September. Strongly expanded grown old plant loses decorative effect, it should be renewed, having implanted young sockets.
Marniyer`s (C. marnieriana) crassula - a tiny plant with a direct low-branched stalk from South Africa. Bluish heart-shaped leaves settle down around a stalk, densely adjoining to each other. On tops of stalks numerous white flowers on short pedicels appear.
The crassula carpet (C. socialis) is from humid subtropics of South Africa. Represents a grassy succulent plant of low growth, silnovetvyashcheesya from the basis. Has light-green sedentary leaves, yaytsevidno - triangular shape, collected in the dense socket on the end of escape. From the center of the socket in February - March there are short tsvetonosa bearing small white flowers. In the summer the carpet crassula demands plentiful watering and spraying. For receiving magnificent decorative “ carpet “ in the wide container it is necessary to land several shanks. At change strongly expanded plant can be divided.
The crassula plaunovidny (C. lycopodiaies) comes from dry subtropics of Hugo - the Western Africa. It silnovetvyashchiysya a semi-bush with creeping escapes. Escapes are covered with four rows cherepitchato - located darkly - green leaves. They pointed, scale-like, quite small by the size. In bosoms of leaves small single flowers of yellowish - white or yellow color appear.
The crassula lozhnoplaunovidny (C. pseudolycopodiaies) is externally very similar to a crassula plaunovidny. But differs in only thicker curved escapes, more free arrangement of stupid it is gray - green leaves and fragrant flowers.
Schmidt`s (C. schmidtii) crassula is from dry and humid subtropics of South Africa. Has the short creeping escapes covered linearly - lantsetny leaves which top party green, and lower reddish. Blossoms rozovato - red flowers.
Conditions of keeping . All crassulas should be placed in the light place with shading from direct sunshine. For the summer they can be placed on a balcony or in a garden, surely having protected from the sun and hit of a rain.
During the summer period they need quite plentiful watering in the fresh air. At contents indoors the soil is supported moderately humidified, without allowing stagnation of water. After each watering it is necessary to allow to the soil to dry out, but not to dry up. In the summer approximately once a month carry out top dressing by mineral fertilizers. In the winter of a crassula demand cool light contents to avoid a pulling of escapes and leaf fall. Watering is reduced, it is impossible to allow dryings of an earth lump only.
Landing and reproduction . At crassulas the superficial root system therefore for their landing select superficial wide pots develops. To the soil of a crassula are undemanding: mix from the cespitose, sheet, peat earth and coarse-grained sand in equal parts will approach. At the bottom of a pot surely arrange a good drainage. Young plants to which the former pot became close are replaced in the spring in more spacious.
Make multiple copies by means of seeds, leaves and shanks. For shanks cut off top escapes, 2 - 3 days dry them and then put in friable mix of peat and sand. Shanks quite easily take roots. Leaves too easily take roots, having got on the soil. Here only when blossoming in room conditions flowers of crassulas do not give seeds.