Why frigate “ Pallada “ did not make a round-the-world trip?
on October 19, 1852, exactly 155 years ago, in Kronstadt were the real Babel - saw off in round-the-world travel a frigate “ Pallada “. Hundreds of citizens came to pier to see off daredevils. And only the few from the audience knew one of juicy details - counter - the admiral Efimy Vasilyevich Putyatin had to execute a secret mission of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs in Japan: to hold negotiations with the government of islands.
But gapers to a lesser extent were interested in the admiral, they were interested first of all Putyatin`s secretary. Said that it appointed the author “ Ordinary history “ Ivan Aleksandrovich Goncharov. The writer who suddenly, right after a release of the novel, became well-known and recognizable. It was not as now it is fashionable, the member of the Writers` Union, but was to read two enough - three lines from its work to understand: before you the real gold feather. You do not trust? I provide the small quote: “ All were busy and worked to sweat of the person. Barbos only did nothing, but also that in own way took part in the general movement. When by it there passed the footman, the driver or the maid slipped, he waved a tail and carefully sniffed passing, and itself eyes, apparently, asked: “ Whether Will tell me, at last, that at us today for turmoil? “.
Goncharov in this turmoil during wires “ Pallada “ did not take part. It stood aside and continually beat off persuasive acquaintances at whom one question was on the tip of the tongue: how it, actually, managed to go to so long and unsafe trip? In the beginning he just waved away, then all - explained: “ and I always such - never am identical two weeks in succession. What it to me in the head climbed up, itself I cannot understand. However change of a situation will not damage! “.
Very long ago did not see this 52 - a meter frigate of a similar chaos. Even then, when his first commander, the lieutenant commander Pavel Nakhimov rose by his board. Future naval commander from the very beginning of the stay by the ship imparted to sailors a cast-iron discipline, and each of them knew the maneuver not worse than the good hostess who blindly will show you where on what shelf at it of a pickles, jam or salty milk mushrooms.
But since then there passed nearly two decades. Now “ Pallada “ the lieutenant commander Ivan Unkovsky ordered (too, by the way, future admiral). It was pleasant to Goncharov: resolute, sharp in manners, the advocate of severe discipline 30 - the summer handsome, with the brilliant biography: since 13 years the pupil of Sea military school, in 16 - the naval cadet, in 19 - the warrant officer. On “ To the Pallada “ knows each corner, recognizes sailors by sight. And the most important that was pleasant to Goncharov, “ he was not coddled “.
But here all preparations ended and the crew said goodbye to the hospitable coast. And here the Baltic Sea was not such good-natured. You should not forget that on a calendar there was an October, winds raged almost every day and as it seemed to the inexperienced writer in a seamanship - all the time not so passing. It seems that Ivan Aleksandrovich thought badly that day when he decided to leave the cozy apartment and to appear face to face with elements. Almost every day rolling and if not courtesy of Unkovsky who made available the writer the rocking-chair which slightly muffled bumpiness to Goncharov has a rough time.
Meanwhile, the destiny could develop “ Pallada “ nearly beginning of travel. On transition to England one of sailors unexpectedly died. The ship doctor reported on it on Putyatin: “ Cholera - with “. That listened silently, and the doctor shy added: “ It is necessary to Come back, nerovenchas … “. “ Early still, - the admiral besieged the doctor, - we have an important mission “. For the first sailor the second died, then the third. And same signs. But Unkovsky managed to organize business so that the infection did not extend to all crew.
A bit later, during the next storm, the bottom of a frigate gave a strong leak. Again a delicate hint on the fact that Fortuna will not have a kind feeling? But also here decided that to come back - a bad sign. Just in Portsmouth just in case bought the schooner called “ East “ which accompanied “ Pallada “.
In April, 1852 rounded the Cape of Good Hope, in the middle of May crossed the Indian Ocean and came to Java Island. Here also learned that burst russko - the Turkish war, and the English and French vessels declared Russian secret war. It was necessary to look in both …
Unfortunately, to achieve a main goal - it was not succeeded to incline Japanese to alliance - to Putyatin. They hesitated, tightened, all the same, as almost a century later British and Americans with opening of the second front. Estimated chances of belligerent parties. And “ Pallada “ idle did not stand - members of expedition, as well as during all transition, researched the seas and oceans, made mapping photography and the inventory of bays and coasts, collected naturally - historical collections, studied life and customs of the population.
On May 22, 1854 the frigate was included into Imperial Harbour (nowadays Sovetskaya Gavan) where the crew of the vessel learned that England and France everything are declared Russia war. A month later to Imperial Harbour there arrived the governor of Eastern Siberia N. Muravyev and gave an order to carry out “ Pallada “ to Amur and to cover in the reliable place. Frigate completely “ disarmed “ that it could pass on shoal, but it helped a little. The careful analysis of ship superstructures and the vessel gave an unfavourable result - in such state the frigate cannot put out to sea. So it remained on wintering in the Konstantinovsky bay of Imperial Harbour.
Wintering was difficult - 10 sailors remaining on the vessel headed by the warrant officer became witnesses “ dying “ vessels: in hold there was water, superstructures collapsed. But when in April the Russian squadron tried to take away “ Pallada “ it turned out that the frigate is held down by such powerful ices that it is necessary to saw them not less than two weeks in any way, and time for it was not. And when the frigate was reached, at last, by hands, it was so damaged that about towage and the speech could not be.
It was reluctantly decided to flood a frigate. The crew started this mournful mission on January 19, 1856. Having punched the channel in ice, the frigate by means of a dogsled was towed off on the middle of a bay and cut through its bottom in several places. On January 31, 1856 it forever left on a bottom … a year later Alexander Goncharov released
A the book with traveling sketches, having called it it is extremely simple “ Frigate “ Pallada “ “. When books made the most great information value, new work of the writer did not remain unnoticed. And even venomous Dobrolyubov could not keep from a praise: “ The most scientific expert can enjoy Travelling sketches of Mr. Goncharov, and meanwhile they, apparently, are available also to the child … “.