How to grow up a citrus in the house?
the Homeland of the citrus loved by us - Hugo - East Asia. These are small evergreen trees and bushes of family rutovy. Some of types of a citrus can be grown up in room conditions as the decorative and fructifying plants. Their juicy turned sour - sweet fruits contain many vitamins.
In house conditions are suitable for cultivation pass - forms of lemons, oranges, tangerines, grapefruits, citrons, kalamandin, etc.
Any citrus tree is the real decoration of the house. For all year in juicy dark-green foliage there are white or pink flowers with inexpressibly strange aroma filling with itself the room. Along with flowers on a plant also fruits can ripen. Yellow, it is yellow - orange, is bright - orange, they keep on branches for months and are pleasing to the eye game of paints in the course of maturing.
Conditions of keeping. the Citrus is shade-enduring plants that simplifies their cultivation in the house. The most shade-enduring - a lemon and a citron, it is necessary to protect them especially from direct sunshine in order to avoid burns. Other citrus is more photophilous, they can be held even at the southern windows, but at the same time it is necessary to protect a pot from an overheat. During the summer period it is useful to keep adult plants in the open air in the warm and light place as high temperature and dry air indoors can cause subsidence of flowers.
From spring to fall a citrus needs to be watered plentifully with the soft water which settled not less days. A citrus does not take out chlorine, hard lime water causes yellowing of leaves. They are very sympathetic on frequent spraying of krone and even with pleasure will take a soft warm shower. Approximately since February the intensive growth of plants therefore they need to be fed up weekly a little liquid mineral or organic fertilizers up to fall begins.
In the oseena - the winter period a citrus easily transfers decrease in air temperature in the room to 12 - 15 °C. From November to February they are at rest and almost do not grow. At this time watering has to be moderate and more rare. Once a month it is possible to feed up slightly by spraying of all krone weak solution of potassium permanganate. In winter time a citrus feels in the cool room much more comfortably, than in the hot room with dry air from batteries of a central heating. Dry hot air can become the reason of dumping of foliage. Therefore it is better to hold them far away from batteries and to moisten air by spraying. Protect them as well from cold drafts from an open window leaf.
Change and reproduction. the Soil for cultivation of a citrus can be got in shop or to prepare mix from the cespitose, humous earth and sand in the ratio 3:1:1. At the beginning of March transfer of the grown-up plants in larger capacities is made. It concerns only those copies at which the earth lump in a pot is completely braided by roots. Roots of a citrus are very sensitive, at their slightest damage the plant dumps leaves therefore it is necessary to replace very accurately. The pot is selected approximately identical height and width. At the bottom it is necessary to make a good drainage of small stones or coarse-grained sand.
Make multiple copies a citrus seeds, shanks, by means of inoculations. Seeds put on depth from 2 to 3 cm. If to put more deeply, then a sunflower seed can die from rotting. And if more small, than on 2 cm, then - from drying. Plants from seeds perfectly grow, but blossom very at a distant day.
It is better to make Cherenkovaniye in March - April or in June - July. Shanks about 10 cm long with 5 - 7 leaflets are cut off. Two lower leaflets are removed, and shanks are located in damp sand under a film or glass. Rooting happens in the warm place to temperature not below 23 °C quicker.
It is possible to use a grapefruit seedling as a stock to impart on it a lemon. For this purpose put to a sunflower seed of grapefruit and when vskhod reaches 2 - 3 - monthly age, in its cotyledonous leaflets vrasshchep the shank from a house lemon 5 - 7 cm long takes root. The place of an inoculation is wound with a film and the plant is placed in pass - a parnichok under polyethylene. Such inoculation grows together quickly enough and in 1,5 - 2 months the binding can be removed. In a year the plant blossoms.
At the correct leaving a citrus is not ill, regularly blossoms and fructifies. They allocate in air a large amount of phytoncides which purify air indoors of harmful substances, of pathogenic microorganisms and ozdoravlivayushche affect the person. Essential oils of a citrus protect us from catarrhal diseases, increase immunity, improve work of heart and brain.