Rus Articles Journal

Why letter Y is called quite so?

Today I suggest to talk about one of the simplest and brilliant inventions of mankind without which difficult and it is impossible to present our life, - about the Russian alphabet.

There are two types of the Slavic alphabet: Cyrillics and Glagolitic alphabet. The truth scientists assume that the famous brothers Kirill and Mefodiy made the Glagolitic alphabet which is known under the name Cyrillics.

This was a peculiar alphabet. The quantity of letters in it almost corresponded to number of sounds of Slavic language. Letters were not copied from other alphabet, and created independently. Their outlines say that the alphabet is created for the translation of sacred books. The cross, a triangle (possibly, a Trinity symbol), the circle (representing eternity, infinity, unity of God) is the cornerstone of many of them.

Subsequently one of pupils of the famous brothers made other alphabet to which the former name - Cyrillics extended. It is also the predecessor of the modern alphabet. It was created on the Greek sample. Naturally, the letters designating sounds, specific to Slavic language, were added to it, and some Greek were superfluous.

So, for example, sound f it was designated by two letters at once - fert and phyto . Phyto it was written only in words of the Greek origin and that not to all. It was necessary to learn them by heart. And there is a lot of such examples. Not casually competent, educated people were called Fita .

Over time number superfluous letters increased. The phonetic system changes quicker than spelling. Of course, it would be possible to refuse from " at once; unnecessary letters, but in Ancient Russia was considered that each letter bears special semantic loading and any inaccuracy of writing leads a distortion of meaning that in sacred texts was inadmissible.

Reform of the Russian graphics took place only in the 18th century at Petre1. The emperor excluded from the alphabet of the letter from omega ps legalized two kinds of letters: capital and lower case, cancelled a diacritical mark titlo serving for reduction of words. As a result of an ego the uniform alphabet broke up to two: one - traditional for church books, and another - for secular civil needs.

Transformation in 1735 came to the end. Then from the civil alphabet the letters " disappeared; ks and very much were added E and Y .

By the way, you know why Y so is called? Because consists from And over which the sign called is written it is short - it turned out and with short . Then word meaning it is short it was forgotten, and the letter turned in and short . And the youngest letter of the Russian alphabet - Yo . It was entered by N. M. Karamzin in 1797. However, and now this letter not absolutely got accustomed in written Russian. Is frequent we instead of the letter Yo we write E .

Reform of 1735 did not solve all problems of the Russian graphics. Two more centuries it was used yat er after hard consonants, and many others outdate letters. Only at the beginning of the XX century there was a modern alphabet which we use today.