How there was a seven-day week?
you never reflected why in a week seven days? Not five, not nine, namely seven? It appears, the person began to think of it and to experiment in this direction thousands years ago. Units of measure of time of this kind, that is the uniting several days in a row, at the different people existed since ancient times. For example, ancient Romans kept count to days “ eight-day`s rests “ - trade weeks in which seven days were workers, and the eighth - market.
Apparently, the custom came to measure time seven-day week to us from Ancient Babylon and is connected with changes of phases of the Moon. People saw the Moon in the sky about 28 days: seven days - increase up to the first quarter, approximately as much - to a full moon etc. of
In due time drevnevavilonsky astrologers found out that in the sky is “ wandering “ the stars called planets. It was supposed that these stars rotate around Earth in such order: Moon, Mercury, Venus, Sun, Mars, Jupiter and Saturn. Each hour of days was at drevnevavilonsky astrologers under the auspices of a certain planet.
The account was begun since Saturday, its first hour “ operated “ Saturn (the next hours - upside-down planets). As a result first hour of Sunday the Sun, first hour the day before yesterday (Monday) - the Moon, the fourth - Mars, the fifth - Mercury, the sixth - Jupiter, the seventh (Friday) - Venus operated. Respectively, such names also received days of week.
These names of days of week names of gods removed to Romans, and then to calendars of many people of Western Europe. “ Discrepancies “ in English are explained by what names of Tuesday, Wednesdays, Thursday and Friday British took from the Scandinavian mythology in which Tiu is god similar to Mars, Vodan - to Mercury, Torahs - to Jupiter, and Freya - Venus. Many people of Asia - Indians, Mongols, Koreans, Thais use names of planets for designation of days of week also.
In many languages some days of week (and sometimes and all) are numbered. But not everywhere the first day of week - Monday. Babylonians transferred Saturday to a weekend since day of Saturn was considered as unhappy. This day it was recommended not to be engaged in any affairs, and he received the name “ Sabbath “ - rest. Such name passed into some languages, for example, in Jewish and Arab.
Some days of week and in Slavic languages are numbered, but count is kept “ after Sunday “. The decision on celebration of Sunday was made still by the Roman emperor Konstantin in 321 g. Once Sunday at the Slavic people was called week (in the afternoon when have a rest from affairs, nothing is done). This name remained in all Slavic languages, except Russian. In Russian Monday is (first) day after a week, Tuesday - the second etc. And Wednesday - really average day.
In the USSR it was used 5 - and 6 - day week. In 1929 - 30 week was 5 - day, each worker had one unstable day off. On September 1, 1931 it was replaced 6 - day week with the fixed day of rest. Usual 7 - day week was entered on June 26, 1940.
Perhaps, the week consisting of seven days is an optimum combination of work and rest, tension and idleness. Anyway, we should live all the same on this or that, but the schedule. So let in your schedule there will be more paid days off. Take care!
1. I. A. Klimishin. Calendar and chronology. - M. : Science, 1990. - 480 pages
2. Articles with narod. ru/lib/articles. html