Why Lev Gumilev did not revenge “ to unreasonable Khazars “?
on October 14 (on October 1 according to the Art. to style) 1912, 95 years ago, in a family of two Russian poets Nikolai Gumiljow and Anna Akhmatova the firstborn who was named Lev was born, with a hint on what it is similar to the patron - to an animal will reign among minds of contemporaries. Though the solution of a narecheniye could be more simply - the maiden name of his paternal grandmother was just Lviv.
Little Lev very seldom saw the star parents, they were busy with the problems and seldom came to Slepnevo - an entail property of mother of Nikolay Semenovich, Anna Ivanovna Gumileva. Besides World War I, then revolution burst, and even small parcels and money transfers from St. Petersburg in the small manor of Slepnevo which is in the remote place of the Tverskaya of the province reached seldom. Especially, Lev`s parents practically did not get out here. Lev`s father is Nikolai Gumiljow, one of the first, in 1914, left on the front the volunteer, and mother - Anna Akhmatova - by and large disliked Slepnevo, she characterized this village so: “ that unpicturesque place: the fields opened by equal squares on the hilly district, mills, bogs, the drained bogs, “ vorotets “ " bread;.
But if Lev also had parental caress, then the grandmother, Anna Ivanovna, compensated this inattention wholly. She was very devout person, with a broad outlook, since the childhood accustomed Levushka that the world is much more various, than it is represented at first sight. What we see on a surface, actually has the roots, sometimes such deep that it is hard to get to the bottom of them, and also “ look “ in the sky, in infinity. So, it is necessary to look at any phenomenon under this foreshortening: roots, a tree and branches which last in infinity.
Of course, news that the son was shot, and happened it in 1921, knocked down the kindest Anna Ivanovna, but since then the whole world for her concentrated in the grandson. Fortunately, Lev had also good teachers, for example, the teacher of social science and literature in the senior classes of railway school Alexander Mikhaylovich Pereslegin who liked to communicate with young Lev and not only because the boy was a son of two great Russian poets, but also had interesting judgments on many aspects of literature. The nature had obviously not a rest on the son of geniuses, it as if aggregated all the best that was in his parents.
But the son of poets in Russia sometimes to be even worse, than the poet. This is Lev Gumilev experienced. Hardly 22 - summer future philosopher appeared in Leningrad and entered the university on department of history as he was arrested. And though “ bodies “ still by then did not save up enough material that “ to close “ the prisoner for a long time, behind a delay business did not become. After return from “ torture chambers of People`s Commissariat for Internal Affairs “ Gumilev - younger is with great difficulty restored at faculty, but here again arrest. This time the sentence was more severe - 5 years with serving sentence in camps. And only war “ released “ Gumilev from punishment especially as he at once after release, as well as the father in 1914, left on the front the volunteer. Also protopat the private from Brest to Berlin.
And further Lev Nikolaevich managed to pass without attending lectures examinations for a full course of university and came to postgraduate study. But after the report of Zhdanov on an adverse effect of Akhmatova on the Soviet literature of the disgraced son of the poetess exclude from postgraduate study. And even after that Gumilev manages to defend the master`s thesis and goes to archaeological expedition to Altai. But it does not rescue. It is found both there, and right there arrested. This time term is doubled - 10 years of camps, at first near Karaganda, then near Omsk. And in lists three lines of Anna Akhmatova started walking:
The husband in a grave,
the Son in prison,
Pray for me.
Here so Lev Nikolaevich had enough “ to wind “ term at first for the father, and then for mother.
Another would break, but only not Lev Nikolaevich. It even in camps does not stop the research work. By means of the cellmates learns east languages that was quite good help in the future. The most interesting: even Stalin`s death did not bring to Gumilev release, he was released only in 1956, and ahead of schedule.
And again the son of poets had no time to sprinkle the ashes on the head. In 1960 he is invited to give lectures on department of history of native university, in 1962 he gets a job in the Hermitage, and the same year defends the doctoral dissertation. A subject not absolutely usual - “ Ancient Turkic peoples “. And in general the range of interests of Gumilev lies in this plane. It is enough to call its monographs: “ To Hunn “ “ Discovery of Khazaria “ “ Searches of a fictional kingdom “. By the way, scientific works of the scientist - “ From Russia to Russia “ “ Ancient Russia and Great steppe “ - left in the mass editions …
How many Lev Nikolaevich`s time “ washed away “ “ to revenge unreasonable Khazars “ - the Stalin clique - in 14 years of camps, will not be told by nobody today. But Gumilev loved the country such what it is, and understood that nobody manages to rewrite anew the destiny, and to devote the life to that “ revenging “ was “ great and awful “ it obviously did not gather.
But science did not leave until the end of the life. The second doctoral dissertation, this time on geography which was called “ Ethnogenesis and biosphere of Earth “ Gumilev tried to protect in 1974. But it was not approved with a cynical conclusion: “ it is higher doctor`s “.
It is difficult to overestimate Gumilev`s contribution - younger in studying of history of the nomadic people of Eurasia. He protested against the widespread myth about as if the nomadic people played only a role of robbers and destroyers. Relationship of Ancient Russia and the steppe people (including the Golden Horde) he considered as difficult symbiosis, from which each people benefited something …,
B 1990 Lev Nikolaevich had a stroke, but continued to work. Gumilev`s heart - younger stopped on June 15, 1992. It only four months not “ held on “ to the 80 - the anniversaries. He was buried on the Nikolsky cemetery of Aleksandro - the Nevsky monastery.
And his bright life - an example of the fact that strokes of bad luck should not be “ the distracting maneuvers “ on the way to the great purpose. Whether often we remember it?