Whether Pushkin a conscientious official was?
would Seem, “ sun of the Russian poetry “ and routine official service as they can be combined. But after release from Lyceum Pushkin in total was 12 years on service, had ranks not only state, but also court. In article and admirers of his talent will forgive me, I will practically not concern works of the poet, and I will tell how he had to get on with the Russian chinovnichesky structure.
Graduates of Lyceum were given on release prestigious assignments and ranks not small if to consider their age. The ended Lyceum according to the second category, Pushkin received a rank of the collegiate secretary and was directed to service in Board of foreign affairs. Along with it Griboyedov arrived there. Two great poets, but what different high-ranking destiny. One became a minister - the envoy, and another did not rise above the titular counselor and chambers - the cadet.
That it was more clear - small digression to system of the Russian ranks. The service in Russia was accurately structured “ Tabelyyu about ranks “ also it was divided on military, state and court. There were 14 classes of ranks, the first class was a senior, in it consisted the general - the field marshal and the chancellor. And in the junior rank - the ensign and the collegiate registrar. Pushkin was made at once in the official of the 10th class to whom on military service corresponded shtabs - the captain. On everyday concepts - start was successful. But service also it is necessary to serve, and here the poet had big problems.
In June, 1817 Pushkinbyl is sworn in and started routine service which for young officials consisted in copying of diplomatic dispatches, preparation of extracts, various single instructions. For its active nature it was “ to death it is similar “. In December the director of Lyceum Engelgardt watching progress of pets noted: “ Pushkin does nothing in Board, he even is not shown " there;. And the poet was captured by circulation of a social life and creativity demanded considerable time. During this period from under its feather there are not only lyrical, but also freedom-loving verses which, according to the power, the poet “ flooded “ Russia. At it executed a search, trying to find “ seditious “ records. Alexander I was even going to banish him to Siberia. Engelgardt, Karamzin`s protection and the general - the governor of St. Petersburg Miloradovich rescued the poet from extremes, but it could not avoid the reference any more. In May, 1829 Pushkin went to the new duty station to Ekaterinoslav. It was necessary to serve it in Popechitelny committee of colonists of south country which was headed by the general I. N. Inzov.
With the new chief Alexander Sergeyevich was lucky, Inzov in full sense “ took it under protection and favorable care “ as that was demanded from St. Petersburg. And the first that was made by Inzov, sent the poet for 4 months to have a rest after capital scrapes. From “ holidays “ Pushkin returned already to Chisinau where his patron became the imperial envoy by then. He did not burden with service of the poet, charged to conduct correspondence in French and to occasionally do the translations, gave single instructions. But in front of St. Petersburg steadily covered, responding to the requests that “ the g - N Pushkin behaves fairly “. About the chief who, by the way, several times put the poet under house arrest Pushkin had warm memoirs.
In 1823 Alexander Sergeyevich was transferred to service to Odessa which in comparison with remote Chisinau was almost the capital. The act is obviously precipitate. Now the general - the governor count M. S. Vorontsov - the person honest, basic, active, but absolutely deprived of a sentimentality became his chief. In Pushkin he saw only the slow official, besides trying to look after his wife. The count was not going to cover offenses of the poet, and on inquiries from St. Petersburg gave on it unflattering responses, suggested to clean from Odessa. The service, as they say, did not go. Pushkin submitted the application on resignation, but the emperor disposed to dismiss him from service “ for bad behavior “ and to banish to the Pskov province where in Mikhaylovsk the poet spent nearly two years which are entirely devoted to creativity.
In September, 1826 the new emperor Nicholas I returned the poet from the reference, took under “ protection “ and even tried to attract to public affairs, having charged to prepare a note about national education. The note was prepared, but Pushkin`s proposals, though had quite loyal character, it were not pleasant to the emperor. New instructions did not follow, and the poet received relative freedom. He could do a bit of traveling across Russia and even to visit the Caucasus where participated the volunteer in military operations.
In 1831 Pushkin married, naturally before him there was a question of funds for the maintenance of a family. Emperor (!) suggested it to return on service. Other person - mature, state conceiving came back to service. And were going to use his knowledge in a different way now. Pushkin was returned by the same rank in Board of foreign affairs, but submitted directly to the emperor who charged it work in archives for the purpose of creation of works on stories of Russia. The sovereign appointed to him “ personal salary “ in 5 thousand rubles a year (in the south he received 700) and especially did not bother with control. Pushkin so wrote about it to one of friends: “ The Tsar took me on service - not in office or court, or military, no, he gave me a salary, opened for me archives, with that I rummaged there and did nothing. It is very lovely from its party, isn`t that so? “.
About “ did nothing “ - the poet dissembled. He steeped in work. To spring of 1834 it finished research on history of Pugachevsky revolt. Having processed enormous amount of materials, began to write Peter I`s history, collected materials for deep studying of other historical subjects. In parallel wrote verses, poems, prose in which widely used the received historical data. Its relation to business was estimated by the emperor. In a month upon return on service it is given the following rank of the titular counselor, in January, 1833 hand the diploma of the academician of the Imperial Russian Academy of Sciences. And here about the following state rank of the poet researchers have no consensus. The matter is that since summer of 1835 Pushkin subscribes in official documents as a collegiate asessor (a rank of the 8th class), there are no data on production it in this rank in official documents. Perhaps, there was an oral order of the emperor about production which for any reason was not officially issued.
Especially it is worth stopping on court service of the poet. At the end of 1833 it was made in chambers - cadets. The sovereign was not going to offend it him or to humiliate. Nikolay was a gimper and could not give a rank, having jumped for this purpose through several classes. Comer - the cadet corresponded to the 9th class in which then Pushkin consisted, the following court rank of chambers - the furyer corresponded to the 7th class. The court rank, undoubtedly, brought upon the poet the mass of trouble. It was not involved in direct execution of chambers - yunkersky duties, but it was forced to be present at court ceremonies, putting on for this purpose a uniform, and also to submit formally Auber - to the chamberlain.
For the service if to judge it as about rise on an official ladder, Pushkin reached not much. Age-mates considerably overtook it in ranks. But in hierarchy of the Russian literature it was at top, inaccessible for others. And when an opportunity to combine service and creativity was presented to it, he made also for our literature very much, and for our history. And ranks are just historic fact, for us Alexander Sergeyevich both was, and will remain forever the great Russian Poet.