Why skill of the artist Vereshchagin called striking?
B the best graduate of the Sea case to whom designated an outstanding career submitted to 1860 the application on resignation. Counter to will of parents and public opinion seventeen-year-old Vasily Vereshchagin preferred to prestigious sea service a hard work of the painter. But having left army, in the creativity it remained is faithful to a military subject.
All life was devoted by Vasily Vasilyevich Vereshchagin to the image of war. He the first of artists - painters of battle-pieces saw in it not heroic action, not triumph of commanders, and blood, a grief and the greatest tragedy. All the creativity Vereshchagin convinced that in the war “ it falls on each hour of glory thirty, forty and, perhaps, there are much more hours of sufferings and any tortures “. Pictures of the master forced the audience to cry and be terrified, damn massacres and their initiators. Each its exhibition was an event. At the end of the 19th century it became the most known in Europe and America for the Russian painter.
Its success was not casual. Vereshchagin got good art education: attended classes at Drawing school of Society of encouragement of artists, three years studied in Academy of Arts, perfected skill in Paris in Studio of fine arts of Ge. Gerome.
From Paris the artist twice in 1863 - 1865 went to the Caucasus. A series of the Caucasian drawings which in 1867 it exposed in Academy of Arts became result of trips.
Since 1867 the artist travels around Central Asia. It is attracted by monuments of ancient culture, customs and customs of indigenous people, their peculiar life. From the beginning of war against the Bukhara emir Vereshchagin is at the Russian army, participating as the artist in the Central Asian campaign. He seeks to imprint all features of this of war, heavy and unusual for the Russian army, on paper. But the situation develops so, as he should take the weapon in hand. Vereshchagin made in ensigns differs in many fights, for the shown heroism is awarded with the Order of Saint George 4 class - the most honorary war decoration. By the way, he only of the famous Russian artists is awarded the order by it.
Upon termination of military operations Vereshchagin overflowed with impressions goes to Munich and within three years paints a series of pictures which received the name “ Turkistan “. Shown at an exhibition, pictures shook the audience and brought to the artist wide popularity. On cloths “ Fatally wounded “ “ Attack unawares “ “ The Forgotten soldier “ “ Winners “ inhabitants for the first time saw unvarnished war.
The special, indelible impression was made on all by the picture “ Deification of war “ finishing a series. In the foreground against a desert landscape with ruins of houses and the burned trees a pyramid of human skulls and carrion crows pack. The artist took a historic fact as a plot basis - such terrible signs were left on the way by the cruel conqueror Tamerlan. The Turkistan series of pictures was acquired by P. M. Tretyakov for the gallery that was the sign of undoubted success and recognition of the artist.
Vereshchagin`s skill began to call striking. For many works of the master were as a call, as attempt at their right without reflecting to sacrifice others life. The field marshal Moltke forbade the German military personnel to attend his exhibitions, and the cardinal Ganglbauer carried out religious procession that " in Vienna; to clear “ those who saw “ blasphemous “ cloths.
In Russia the relation to Vereshchagin`s pictures was not unambiguous too. The simple people and the progressive intellectuals accepted them with delight. “ When you look at this of a colossus, all it seems such small, insignificant " around; - declared Vereshchagine Repin. The ruling elite accepted works of the painter “ in bayonets “. Alexander II called it “ nihilist “ and in “ right “ to the press persecution began. The artist brought to a nervous breakdown destroyed three cloths: “ Entered “ “ Surrounded - pursue “ “ The Forgotten soldier “. And only resolute intervention of artists - peredvizhniki and eminent persons of art could support the master.
Having defiantly refused professor`s rank offered by Academy of Arts, Vereshchagin in 1874 goes to India and to Tibet. A result of this trip became big “ Indian series of the pictures “. For the life the artist created some more big picturesque series. But two are of the greatest interest - Balkan and devoted to Patriotic war of 1812.
The artist wants to see everything with own eyes, to experience - through what inhuman sufferings there pass soldiers, getting a victory. In russko - the Turkish war he with troops forces Danube, with seamen leaves to blow up the Turkish monitor, in group of the general Skobelev makes winter transition through the Balkans, freezes in frozen trenches on Shipka, participates in storm of Plevna. A series from 25 pictures and 50 etudes in which the artist enclosed a particle of own life, soul pain became a result endured and seen. “ I too close take to heart that I write, - he admitted, - I vyplakivat literally a grief of each wounded and killed “.
A long time the artist bore a plan to write a big cycle of the pictures devoted to Patriotic war of 1812 for what studied archival materials, visited places of fights. “ I had a purpose one, - he wrote, - to show great national spirit of the Russian people, his dedication and heroism in pictures of the twelfth year... “.
For many of us from Vereshchagin`s pictures and Lermontov`s poem “ Borodino “ the knowledge of this tragic and great event of life of Russia began. A picture from this " series; End of the Borodino battle “ often publish in articles devoted to war of 1812 without reflecting that on it the exulting French cuirassiers on the Russian position which is filled up with corpses are represented.
All life the artist travels much. In 1884 he visits Syria and Palestine, paints a number of pictures on plots “ New testament “. In 1890 makes trips on the North of Russia, the Caucasus and the Crimea. Visits twice America where its exhibitions go over with success. In 1901 - 1902 makes long voyage, visits the Philippine Islands and Cuba, in 1903 - Japan.
All life Vereshchagin considered that the artist - the painter of battle-pieces has no right “ to write about war, looking at battle from fine it is far and that it is necessary to experience everything and to do, participate in attacks, storms, victories, defeats, to hunger, cold, diseases, wounds and not to be afraid to endow the " blood;. And even in death he shared lot of the heroes. Vasily Vasilyevich at Port - Artur died on March 31, 1904 at explosion of the battleship which encountered the Japanese mine “ Petropavlovsk “.