How to look for ancestors in archive?
In attempts to study the family tree you exhausted with questions of relatives, shook out from them all possible information - and are ready to a visit of archive. That this campaign was successful, the beginner, in - the first, has to know what is archive, in - - to present the second to feature of work in archive.
Having been in archive, you will have to submit the application addressed to the head in whom you will formulate a subject of the research. On you will open case, under the signature will explain rules of work with documents.
Archive - the institution providing storage and studying of documents. Documents are stored in archive is ordered. Either in itself, or stitched in “ business “ they represent storage unit. Units of storage are united in funds - most often on a fondoobrazovatel. Fondoobrazovatel - establishment which produced many years these documents.
Each fund has the inventory which opens historical information. In this reference history of a fondobrazovatel is stated, the fund is in brief characterized, some units of storage which are containing unique, being of special value documents are noted. Further in the inventory in a certain order - chronological - units of storage, with the indication of number, the name, a chronological framework and volume are listed to a thicket in sheets.
At once to orient in the sea of archival documentation, it is simpler to begin work in archive with acquaintance to the guide. Very brief historical information on the most considerable funds with the indication of their numbers is published in such books. Having chosen funds necessary to you according to the guide, you, having requested their inventory, you find in them necessary documents - storage units - and you write down their numbers and names in “ requirement “. Also you receive documents for work.
What documents you should choose? Do not hesitate to ask such questions archivists. Most likely, to you will advise to study registers of births, revizsky fairy tales and ispovedny sheets.
Registers of births were formed in tserkva by years, in duplicate - one went to a spiritual consistory, another was stored in the temple. Most likely, after revolution both copies appeared in archive, or one - konsistorskiya if church did not remain. Therefore, registers of births, most likely, are in fund of a spiritual consistory.
The register of births consists of three parts: birth records and a baptism of the baby, about weddings and about death. In the first part it is reported not only date of birth and baptisms, a name and a surname of the baby, but also and religion of parents and Godfathers, the legitimate child or not; records about wedding, except date of an event, contain the information about the groom and the bride - a name and a surname, religion, age; records about death - a name and a surname, age, date of death, its reason.
After revolution all these data began to be fixed by departments the REGISTRY OFFICE of executive committees of mountains (paradise) of councils - means, documents already should be looked for in funds or these executive committees, or in funds of departments the REGISTRY OFFICE.
Revizsky fairy tales can be stored in different funds - volost, rural boards. Search technique the same: or according to the guide and inventories it is necessary to find out location of documents of the necessary type, or to address for consultation employees of archive. Revizsky fairy tales contain the information about the people belonging to podatny estates - to peasants, handicraftsmen, petty bourgeoises. In these documents males registered mainly, the surname, a name, a middle name, the birthplace and a residence, age, marital status, the information about children, a property status, a nationality, sometimes - special signs were fixed.
Annual ispovedny lists represent posemeyny lists, in them chapter and the residence of a family, belonging to estate is called, family members are listed. These documents can be stored in funds of concrete temples.
It is reasonable to conduct search of the ancestors belonging to clergy in klirovy sheets . It is possible to find a track record of the spiritual clergyman, data on a family, behavior.
fund of rekrutsky presence contains data on recruits - a surname, a name, age, literacy, special signs.
Data, useful to drawing up a family tree, can be found in household censuses .
Data on city dwellers - both podatny, and free from taxes - can be found in narrow-minded books , they can be in funds of city magistrates, justices, thoughts. In such sources the name, a surname of the inhabitant, age, marital status, presence of children, professional works are told.
The information about noblemen can be found in funds of district and provincial of nobility assemlies .
It is important to understand that need to sort the hand-written text can become one of serious difficulties for you. Documents XIX and the more so were kept the 18th centuries by hand, and handwriting not always was legible.
The Hod should make out works in archive correctly. Beginning work with the document, it is necessary to write down its code. Record is made as follows. For example, we work in the State archive of the Vladimir region (in abbreviated form - GAVO), we use the register of births of a certain temple, for 1845, of 223 sheets, designated in the inventory No. 2 number 5, the document is stored in fund No. 1, data necessary to us are on the back of the 25th leaf and on 221 leaves.
On the first page of extracts from this business we write: GAVO. T. 1. Op. 2. Unit hr. 5. The register of births of Krestovozdvizhenskaya Church of the village of Yakimovsky for 1845. 223 l. we make out the First extract so: l. 25 about. Ivanov Pyotr (literally in the text)... Following extract: l. 221 (and again literally in the text).
Studying documents, quickly enough you begin to understand logic of their drawing up, not so handwriting already frightens. At the creative relation to business work in archive can entirely take.