How to collect it is more mushrooms?
it is possible to Gather mushrooms from early spring to late fall, but the most mushroom time is, certainly, September - October. These months - the real champions, both on a variety of mushrooms, and by their quantity.
My fall is associated with ryadovka. These high-yielding mushrooms, from my point of view, best of all are suitable for mass collecting. Of course not to compare them with white, but those meet much less often.
First of all it is necessary to tell that the family of ryadovkovy (Tricholomataceae) includes many species of mushrooms, not less than fifty. These are, first of all, mushrooms which and are called - ryadovka - a blewits gray, a blewits a poplar, May blewits (grows also in September), a blewits violet.
Each of my favourite mushrooms is choosy, and chooses the, special places in the wood. And if to find a suitable site of the wood, success to you it will be guaranteed.
Most often in the fall I collect a blewits gray. She can be met both in coniferous, and in the mixed woods. She grows usually at ranks, for as received the name. It is easy to bring together her among pine landings of ten - twenty-year age, go to yourself on a row and select.
The blewits green, often called by a greenfinch grows in the same woods on friable sandy soils. It is difficult to confuse it with any other mushroom. A hat at it zelenovato - brown, and plates - it is yellow - green. She dexterously hides in sand or under the fallen-down needles, but the trained eye will easily find it under hardly perceptible hillock.
I somehow observed how mushroom pickers - professionals brought together a greenfinch. Armed with a huge knife not less than 40 centimeters long, they did not spend a lot of time to bend down for each mushroom. Having slightly turned off needles a knife, the second movement they cut a mushroom leg, then pinned it on a tip of a knife and sent to a basket, spending for about 10 - 15 minutes no more mushrooms.
And here the violet blewits is unfairly despised. Probably, from - for what looks unattractively. As the diluted ink. And so - a normal tasty mushroom.
But there are mushrooms of family ryadovkovy which so strongly differ from usual ryadovka that davny - long ago received other, own names.
It is about honey agarics. It is the best of all to bring together them on old cuttings down, around mouldering stubs, but sometimes they can be found in the most unexpected places. Once I came across a decent cluster of the real autumn honey agarics on a meadow, in two hundred meters from the wood, and from the next cutting down was in general not less than two - three kilometers.
Another time when my eyes habitually rummaged on the ground, honey agarics were found at all not where I looked for them. They banded a tree at the height over a meter! Speak, sometimes they get also on three-meter height.
One more becoming fashionable mushroom of family of ryadovkovy - an oyster mushroom. I will tell honestly, I never not only collected, but also did not see an oyster mushroom in our woods. Perhaps, only because did not look for. But ate it repeatedly.
The oyster mushroom is well-known that it is easily cultivated, it can be grown up even on the seasonal dacha. For some reason an oyster mushroom and many other ryadovkovy, carry to mushrooms of the IV category. Categorically he does not agree. For me it is mushrooms number one. By the way, consider also in some countries of Europe.
And here a mushroom which at us almost nobody knows - a winter honey agaric, or a flammulina velvety. This beautiful orange mushroom of the size of a five-copeck coin possesses the fine taste rich with aroma and high nutritional value. The frost to it - a mushroom can be found in our woods even in January at all.
In the east, these mushrooms are very popular in Japan and China. There this delicacy is all the year round grown up still with 800 - x years of our era, and now the output of a flammulina reaches hundreds of thousands of tons per year.
In recent years valuable medicinal properties of a winter honey agaric are found: it significantly increases immunity, suppresses causative agents of a staphylococcal infection and colibacilli. Also the preparations possessing anticarcinogenic activity, for example flammulin - means against sarcoma are received.
Here such they are privates.