How to understand bell-ringing?
In Russia bell-ringing - an integral part of church service. He convokes believing in the temple on a joint prayer, opens and finishes a liturgy. Being a symbolical means of communication of the world sacral with the world “ tvarny “ the ring makes strong impact on soul of the believing person.
However, and bell-ringing always made deep impression on people, far from church life, magnificence of a peculiar music.
We see a set of examples of an organic inclusiveness of rings in everyday life of the person, a clear understanding of sense of a ring in the Russian fiction of XIX - the beginnings of the 20th centuries. But often, without understanding this sense, we do not pay attention to such examples, than we impoverish the perception of work. To learn to understand bell-ringing language rather simply - if to make some efforts. Following the example of one of authors “ Schools of Life “ in the article “ How to learn to understand classical music? “ given “ keys “ to understanding of music, I bring to attention readers something it seems “ alphabets “ bell-ringing.
The originality of a ring is defined, first of all, the fact that each bell ensemble is unique - are individual (as persons!) bells, they are impossible “ to adjust “ to provide compliance the correct sound row. For each set a sound row is special. Sets of bells were formed at each temple for centuries, and with acquisition of a new bell the ring changed, sometimes - is very notable. Respectively and “ voice “ each temple was special, without effort recognizable.
“ Basic “ the set of bells on a belfry or a belltower had to consist of three groups of bells - big, average and small. Big bells could be a little - to destination: festive, Sunday, polyunctuous and vsednevny. Big set a ring background. Averages - violas - conducted a melody, and small - podzvonny and called in - created small rhythmic figures.
What was bells on a belltower or a belfry more, the ring was that richer. And that bell ringers regarding drawing up new schemes of rings, or in improvisation on small and average bells could feel like more freely. But - especially the ensemble of bell ringers had to be harmonious, especially sophisticated the system of a weighing of bells, the additional equipment were required.
Centuries-old practice of use of bells in the Russian church created accurate system of rings, their genres - on the basis of the church charter created certain rules, a canon. The genre of rings, thus, was defined by appointment them and characteristics of execution.
On character of a ring of people, for example, understood type of the made church service, defined relevancy of the holiday falling on concrete day, and also the moment of service. The ring reported about the event which is taking place in arrival - a meeting of the bishop, considerable official, a wedding or burial.
Modern typology of rings following. Rings are divided on alarm and art. To the first the alarm and toll, concern to the second - search, a ringing and a ringing.
An alarm - the frequent ring in one bell - reports some accident. Toll calls parishioners for church service. At toll strike in one bell. Distinguish also big toll - when strike several times in a big bell, as at usual toll, and then serially in the others.
Big toll developed in an art ring in two and more bells. Search and a ringing differ. Search - a knell - is carried out in single blows in each bell, from small to big, “ around “. A ringing - serial blows in the return to search an order, from big to small, from one to seven blows in each bell, end of a ringing usually - blow in all bells.
A ringing are a going in a row three blows in several bells. He is great, average and red. The ringing great and average celebrated special days - for example, imperial, or days of memory of mestnochtimy Saints. The easter ringing - red is that ring which lasts all day on Easter, it begins and finishes Sunday masses on an extent from Easter before Rise.
Bell ringers, making rings, had to be guided by a canon. But, combining different types of rings, they had an opportunity to create special bell melodies - nearly concerts.
Church life gave and gives for this purpose enough grounds. For example, religious processions are accompanied by difficult bell-ringing in which toll in one bell is replaced by toll in several, then the ringing begins.
The ring in Easter night differs in an originality. At certain moments of service strike once in one bell (perhaps - from small to great), on the last exclamation make the general blow in all bells. The triumph appropriate to a case which is endured by participants of church service is so expressed.
Special festive rings in honor of special cases were formed and formed. In these rings, sometimes there are enough difficult, the same simple types of rings, in various order are used. Speed is partly set by purpose of a ring and tradition, partly - technical features of big bells (on one blow language in two (or in one) the parties of a bell big a certain certain quantity of blows in a bell of the second has to have, respectively - it the number of blows has to be coordinated with blows in the third bell and so on).
Having learned to distinguish in a ring of bell ensemble of a voice of separate groups of bells, to feel speed and to note components “ melodies “ the competent listener will manage to unite this harmony, razjyaty on part, subsequently, and his impression from heard will be that fuller.
And further, perhaps, you learn to feel behind a ring and performers, to note the moments of their improvisational rush. And it will present you strong and beautiful spiritual experiences.