Where horses on Nikolay Sverchkov`s cloths rush?
Among a group of great Russian painters the worthy place is taken by the animalist Nikolay Egorovich Sverchkov. In the middle of the 19th century he was widely known and esteemed not only in Russia, but also in Europe. With success exposed the cloths at the international exhibitions in Paris, London, Brussels, Philadelphia. After the World Fair in Paris it was awarded awards of the Honourable legion. Interesting fact: at the World Fair in London 40 of its works (for works of the Russian artist figure unprecedented), including the picture " were sold; Horse fair “ for which paid very high price - 22 thousand francs. Unfortunately, over time the name of the artist was undeserved is forgotten and today only true judges of painting and fans of horse business know well.
Future artist was born in 1817 in a family of the serving court konyushenny department. Nikolay began to draw early and quickly achieved noticeable success, especially in the image of horses whom he loved since the childhood. The father, seeing tendency of the nine-year-old son to drawing, defined it in Educational school at Academy of Arts, but in one and a half years Nikolay was forced to stop study from - for diseases. Further he seriously was engaged in art self-education, studied works of masters of painting, constantly drew, especially liked to represent scenes with horses, having achieved in it great success. But to devote itself only to painting long did not venture, and served seven years in office of the Ministry of Internal Affairs. During this period Sverchkov the auditor completed a course of Academy of Arts. Its works presented at the academic exhibitions were noticed by criticism, and he was entitled the freelancer of portrait painting and, having left prestigious service, followed a thorny road of the painter.
By the invitation of konnozavodchik and fans of horses the young artist begins to write portraits of the best domestic trotters. He visited the largest Russian horse-breeding centers, plunged into the social environment, new to himself, it is a lot of and excitedly drew. During this period he finally chooses the main directions of the creativity: “ I devoted myself to art, having chosen the Russian life, our hunting and travel across Russia “ - he will write subsequently.
Original pictures of the artist even more often appear at exhibitions, to him popularity comes. In 1852 for the picture “ Landowner three “ he receives an honorary title of the academician on painting of national scenes, and in I855 of for the picture “ Heavy crew “ becomes professor of Academy of Arts.
Sverchkov works in various genres of painting. Willingly paints portrait, representing portrayed astride, in horse crew, or just near horses. Already by the end of the fortieth years it becomes the recognized master fashionable those years “ horse portrait “. It is posed by Alexander III and court dignitaries, generals D. I. Skobelev and A. A. Boldyrev, the count A. G. Orlov - the Chesmensky and Persian shah Nasreddin, the marquis Traverse and A. Ya. Panayev.
The academy of Arts orders to Nikolay Egorovich a series of pictures devoted to the history XVI-XVIII of centuries of Russia. It worked on them nearly twenty years. In the cloths Sverchkov does not rise to deep judgment of events of the Russian history, but, with skill inherent in it, shows truthful pictures of ordinary life of our ancestors. Nowadays pictures from this series - “ The Tsar Alexey Mikhaylovich with boyars on a falconry near Moscow “ and “ Departure of the tsar Ivan the Terrible on a bogomolya “ are stored in Armory.
The artist did not ignore the and a battle genre. He writes big battle cloths “ Transition of guard through the Balkans “ “ Departure of the tsar Alexey Mikhaylovich on review of troops in 1664 “. In 1858 it painted the picture devoted to defense of Sevastopol. Unfortunately, its destiny is unknown.
With special warmth Sverchkov writes landscapes. He thinly feels soft beauty of the Russian nature and seeks to transfer it in the pictures. Its winter landscapes with flickering winter light, a snow haze or a blizzard through which tired horses make the way are especially poetical.
Nikolay Egorovich worked also in a book illustration. It made drawings to N. A. Nekrasov`s poem “ Frost, Red nose “ and to the poem “ Country children “. History of creation of drawings to " is remarkable; To Holstomer “ L. N. Tolstoy. Having read talented work, the artist wrote to Lev Nikolaevich: “ Having read your wonderful story about a sad fate of poor Holstomer, I could not refuse to myself not to represent this worthy animal “ . Two water colors: “ Holstomer in youth “ and “ Holstomer in old age “ presented to them in 1887 to the writer, are stored in L. N. Tolstoy`s Museum in Moscow now.
In what genre Sverchkov would not write, in the majority of his pictures horses - savrasy and kaury, gray in apples and mukhorty are represented; they rush in mad gallop or are quietly grazed on a foggy meadow, is proud curve a neck, mowing with an eye on the eminent horseman, or pull the unsightly country wood sledge. The artist carried by passionate love to horses through all life, having become the founder of the animalistic direction in the Russian art. He developed the easily recognizable style in painting, created a large number of the pictures got by deep love to the native nature, a glorious past of the Fatherland.
Today Sverchkov`s works are exhibited at many museums and art galleries of Russia and the European countries, but, here paradox of our time, the biggest collection of its works (about 450 pictures, water colors, drawings and lithographs) is in the Museum of horse breeding of Agricultural academy, inaccessible for general public, of K. A. Timiryazev. It should be noted that the vast majority of exhibits of the Museum of horse breeding - original works of the famous Russian and Soviet painters, schedules and sculptors. Here it is possible to see V. A. Serov, M. A. Vrubel, V. D. Polenov, V. V. Vereshchagin, V. I. Surikov`s works. But the main part of a collection is made by works of artists for which the horse was constant object of the image. In halls of the museum works of many domestic animal painters and painters of battle-pieces B. P. Villevalda, P. N are presented. Georgian, A. D. Kivshenko, P. O. Kowalewski, A. P. Orlovsky, P. P. Sokolov, P. K. Clodt, E. A. Lansere, M. A. Avilov, M. B. Grekov, N. S. Samokish and others. The richest funds of the museum allow it to participate in various art exhibitions constantly. Only in recent years its exhibits were presented at exhibitions in Moscow, St. Petersburg, Kiev, Paris, Leipzig, Helsinki. More than 150 thousand Americans looked at an art exhibition and sculptures from funds of the museum which within one and a half years was shown in two museums of the USA.
For a long time the artist is dead, but the horses written to them continue to rush. It is possible to look at works of the artist on the website varvar. ru /