How to study the family tree?
If your children study at school - to you, most likely, from time to time it is necessary to remember the ancestors. Because children, happens, receive such tasks from teachers of history: to make the genealogical tree. First parents perceive such task with enthusiasm - begin to remember the grandmothers - great-grandmothers, trips to them on vacation, communication with distant relatives.
Then the enthusiasm falls down: “ I last year told you, it was necessary to keep... “. The skilled parents having more than one child, these “ family trees “ keep, to the following offsprings who ripened before work on a genealogy, just give out on “ to look “ initial product of the senior child.
On command of soul, but not on the instructions of the teacher of the family tree people begin to be interested in very adult state - years after fifty, and even later. With arrival of a retirement age and free time appears, and thoughts of eternity sometimes come - together with desire to remain in family history. How still to make it? Only - having taken the place on branches of a family tree! Means, it is necessary to make a family tree, having studied before it history some kind of.
Not bad before work to read some books on a subject. To study, so to speak, a question. The Internet gives in this regard good opportunities, providing with popular literature (Where your roots? Learn the sort).
Simplest it appears to be engaged in poll of the living relatives of the senior generations (I advise this poll at an opportunity to accompany with begging of all possible documents (up to school diaries!) and photos). Finding out dates of these or those events, it is impossible to rely on memory of a vospominatel.
It is necessary to inquire relatives about everything. But surely it is necessary to find out
1. a surname, a name, a middle name their, their parents, grandfathers - grandmothers, brothers - sisters, children - grandsons - great-grandsons;
2. a birth date and birth place , the birth place of registration (church in which record in the register of births - if events pre-revolutionary, body the REGISTRY OFFICE - if after revolution is made), is quite good to specify all possible addresses to which there lived relatives;
3. religion and a nationality each of those, the information about whom it was succeeded to receive;
4. class accessory ;
5. “ special signs “ - a hair color, color of eyes, etc.;
6. diseases, reasons of death .
Datings should be specified, connecting this or that event with personal chronological “ marker “. Such “ markers “ more often there are facts which can be checked according to documents (for example if the old grandmother claims that she remembers: from the village the family moved to the city in 1940, specify - it was to death of her husband or later? And date of death is specified already documentary). It is the best of all to carry the received data on card-index cards.
During polls a lot of useful becomes clear. In - the first, to some knee it is possible to define a surname - a name - a middle name of ancestors in a straight line. In - the second, it turns out “ to bind “ these or those generations to certain geographical points.
Most likely, thus it will turn out “ to count “ the ancestors “ on a straight line “ to 3 - 4 knees. That is, we will consign to the past approximately for a century - till 1900 - x years.
In passing in these researches we are poluchayemsvedeniye about “ branches “ family tree - about aunts and uncles, cousin grandmothers and their grandnephews, other cousins - brothers-in-law - brothers-in-law - fathers-in-law and Godfathers.
All obtained data, of course, should be consolidated in the scheme of a family tree - or drawing in detail a tree on a huge leaf of a Whatman paper that fruits of work could be captured one look, or using the special computer program.
Useful can be a search of namesakes (on all surnames which became clear in polls) - on the special genealogical websites on the Internet. Among namesakes there can quite be also your distant relatives.
At some moment you will appear before a lot of data of different degree of reliability and concreteness. It seems here such: your great-grandmother on the fatherly line - Anna Pshenichnikova, a middle name - whether Mikhaelovna, whether Nikolaevna, married God knows in what year from the village of Gavriltsev of Romanovo of that time - the Borisoglebsk County of the Yaroslavl province, got married your great-grandfather from whom, except a name, nobody remembers anything, and wedding took place in parish church of the village with the unknown name, But that is precisely known - there was a village on the right coast of Volga, and some Vedenyyo as your grandmother claims was a patronal feast day.
Now you appear before the choice. Or to go to archive (not local municipal which in forces, probably, only to issue you the certificate of the size of your salary of twenty-year prescription), and State archive (in our case - the Yaroslavl region), with the order to execute for you genealogical research. But this work of the expert - the archivist will demand from you a certain, and not small payment. Or you decide the necessary data to look for in archive independently.
Not so long ago to you to have an opportunity to work in archive, it would be required to present “ relation “ from any department. Now you only write the application to the head of archive with the indication of a subject of research, on you get “ business “ under the signature explain conditions of access to documents. And you begin to work.
Work in archive - business so entertaining that I decided to devote it separate article.